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9780833038036

Assessing the Value of U.s. Army International Activities

by ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780833038036

  • ISBN10:

    0833038036

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-09-16
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation

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Summary

This report presents a framework for assessing U.S. Army International Activities (AIA). It also provides a matrix of eight AIA ends, derived from top-level national and Army guidance, and eight AIA ways, which summarize the various capabilities inherent in AIA programs. In addition, the report describes the new online AIA Knowledge Sharing System (AIAKSS) that is being used to solicit programmatic and assessment data from AIA officials in the Army's Major Commands.

Table of Contents

Preface iii
Figures xi
Tables xiii
Summary xv
Acknowledgments xxiii
Acronyms xxvii
CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1(10)
Security Cooperation and U.S. Army International Activities
3(2)
Overview of U.S. Government Security Cooperation Planning
5(3)
System for Measuring AIA Effectiveness
8(1)
Organization of the Document
9(2)
CHAPTER TWO Measuring the Performance of Government Programs 11(10)
Federal Measurement Requirements
11(1)
Purposes of Performance Measurement
12(1)
Applying Performance Measurement to Security Cooperation
13(2)
Major Army Commands
14(1)
Regional Combatant Commands
14(1)
Principles of AIA Assessment
15(5)
Measure Effectiveness as Well as Performance
16(1)
Emphasize Quality over Quantity in Developing Measures
16(1)
Establish Linkages Between Outputs, Outcomes, and Objectives
17(1)
Obtain Buy-In from Program Officials
17(1)
Continue to Refine the Performance Measurement Process
18(1)
Recognize the Limits of Performance Measurement
19(1)
The Way Forward
20(1)
CHAPTER THREE AIA Ends and Ways 21(16)
A Method for Deriving Objectives
22(5)
Some General Principles for AIA Ends
22(3)
Specific Guidance for AIA Ends
25(2)
Eight Ends of Army International Activities
27(3)
End 1: Ensure Access
27(1)
End 2: Improve Interoperability
27(1)
End 3: Improve Non-Military Cooperation
28(1)
End 4: Promote U.S. and Allied Transformation
28(1)
End 5: Establish New Relationships with Potential Partners
29(1)
End 6: Assure Allies of U.S. Commitments
29(1)
End 7: Promote Stability and Democracy
29(1)
End 8: Improve Defense Capabilities of Allies and Partners
29(1)
Are Certain Ends Missing
30(1)
AIA Ways
30(5)
Organizing Principles Behind the Categorization of Ways
31(1)
Education and Training
32(1)
Military-to-Military Contacts
32(1)
Military-to-Military Personnel Exchanges
33(1)
Standing Forums
33(1)
Military Exercises
33(1)
International Support Arrangements and Treaty Compliance
34(1)
Materiel Transfer and Technical Training
34(1)
Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation
34(1)
Ends-Ways Matrix
35(2)
CHAPTER FOUR Linking Ways to Ends 37(16)
Theoretical Approach to Establishing Linkages
37(4)
Exchange Linkages
38(1)
Socialization Linkages
39(2)
Background Conditions
41(1)
From Linkages to Indicators
42(3)
Exchanges and Outputs
43(1)
Socialization and Outcomes
43(2)
Practical Approach to Developing Indicators
45(4)
Guidelines for Identifying Indicators
45(2)
Candidate Indicators for Outputs and Outcomes
47(2)
Transforming Indicators into Measures
49(4)
CHAPTER FIVE Army International Activities Knowledge Sharing System 53(18)
Practical Concerns
54(1)
Strategy for Building AIAKSS
54(4)
Access
54(2)
Data Storage
56(1)
Data Collection
56(1)
Measurement Indicators
57(1)
Data Collation and Data Search
57(1)
Factors Impeding Success
58(1)
Detailed Description of AIAKSS
58(7)
AIAKSS Users
59(1)
AIAKSS Functions
59(1)
AIAKSS Structure
60(5)
AIAKSS Issues
65(2)
Which Programs Should Be Assessed?
65(1)
Who Should Provide AIA Program Information?
65(1)
How Should Assessment Data Be Aggregated?
66(1)
How Should Measurement Targets Be Set?
67(1)
Integrating AIAKSS into the DoD Assessment Realm
67(2)
Conclusion
69(2)
CHAPTER SIX AIA Test Cases 71(24)
Introduction
71(1)
U.S. Army Medical Department
72(12)
AMEDD and Army International Activities
72(1)
Organization of AIA Within AMEDD
73(3)
AMEDD International Activities and AIA Ends
76(5)
Metrics and Indicators
81(1)
Funding Information
82(1)
Key Insights
82(2)
National Guard Bureau State Partnership Program
84(7)
Current Assessment
85(1)
Funding
86(1)
AIAKSS Test
86(4)
Key Insights
90(1)
U.S. Army South
91(1)
Key Insights
92(1)
Conclusion
92(3)
CHAPTER SEVEN Concluding Observations 95(12)
AIA Lessons Learned
96(7)
AIAs Are Highly Diverse
96(1)
Connecting Individual AIAs to Specific AIA Ends Is Not Easy
96(2)
Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Data Is Necessary
98(1)
Inputs Are Not the Key to Assessment
99(1)
Find Outcomes That Promise to Have an Effect over Time
99(1)
AIAs Can Have Cross-Cutting Effects
100(1)
Distinguishing Between Outputs and Outcomes Is Critical
100(1)
Knowing When an End Has Been Achieved Is Important
101(1)
Recognizing Failures and Negative Outcomes of AIAs Is Necessary
102(1)
Measures Will Need Modification over Time
103(1)
How Should AIAKSS Information Be Used?
103(1)
Issues in Applying AIAKSS
104(3)
Appendix: AIA Performance Indicators 107(32)
Bibliography 139

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

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