The Bactericidal and Oligodynamic Action of Silver and Copper in Hygiene, Medicine and Water Treatment

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  • Edition: CD
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-01-30
  • Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

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Bactericidal surfaces are increasingly demanded in hospital, medical, food-processing and beverage manufacturing settings, not least to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as MRSA, Clostridium difficile and, for water treatment, to repress Legionnaires' disease. This book sets out the very ancient history of oligodynamics which predates the Christian era. The scientific background and bacteriological data are reviewed. Part 2 surveys the materials used to create such surfaces - paints, resins, powder coatings, glasses, electroplated surfaces and specially-created metals. Graphs and tables show the kinetics of bactericidal action and viricidal and fungicidal applications are also noted. 180 references are cited. The CD-ROM includes a fully-searchable abstract database, with a unique collection of some 500 patents relating to practical applications of the principle, from 1924 to the present.

Table of Contents

Foreword to the German Editionp. ix
Foreword to the English Editionp. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
The History and Science of Oligodynamicsp. 1
The History and Science of Oligodynamicsp. 3
Introduction - An Outsider's Viewp. 3
"Of the Making of Books...."p. 5
Meeting New Challengesp. 5
The Prevalence of Bacterial Infectionsp. 9
Historical Background to the Oligodynamic Effects of Silver and Copperp. 12
An Age-Old Treatment - Almost Forgotten, Now Rediscoveredp. 12
Silver as a Prophylactic - Older Than Recorded Historyp. 13
And the Lunatic Fringe?p. 15
Early Developmentsp. 15
Copper too has a Long Medical Historyp. 16
The Mechanism of Oligodynamic Actionp. 16
Non-Metallic Biocidal Species & Surfacesp. 27
Toxicology of Silver and Copperp. 27
The Eco-Toxicity of Silver & Copperp. 29
Silver for Water Purificationp. 30
Scale Formationp. 37
Silver-Copper Water Treatment - Scientific & Technological Summaryp. 39
Mechanisms, Theories, Problemsp. 40
Oligodynamic Effects on Surfacesp. 40
Problems in Study of Copper Alloys as Oligodynamic Surfacesp. 41
Corrosion of Copper & Silver and their Alloysp. 42
Atmospheric Corrosion of Copper Alloysp. 44
Kinetics & Mechanismp. 46
Theory & Mechanisms - Conclusionsp. 48
Applications of Oligodynamics in Materialsp. 51
Oligodynamic Effects of Silver & Copper on Functional Surfaces in Medical, Food Industry & Related Environmentsp. 53
General Comments and Basic Principles - Contaminated Surfacesp. 53
Options for Creating Oligodynamic Metal Surfacesp. 55
Silver Coating or Claddingp. 56
Which Coating Method?p. 59
Silver in Dispersed Formp. 60
Metals in Non-Metallic Formp. 61
Anodic Oxidising (Anodising)p. 61
Controlled Releasep. 62
Alloysp. 63
The Corrosion Rate of Metalsp. 64
"Driven Systems"p. 64
Freely Corroding Systemsp. 64
Driven vs. Freely-Corroding Systemsp. 66
Practical Measurementsp. 67
Oligodynamic Metals in Atmospheric Environmentsp. 68
Oligodynamic Surfaces in Actionp. 69
Silver Dispersions in Stainless Steelp. 75
Silver On and In Plasticsp. 78
Nano-Silver Particles in Gels, Paints & Textilesp. 83
General Commentsp. 83
Silver-loaded resins for dental applicationsp. 89
Silver-Containing Ceramics and Glazesp. 90
Silver in Textiles or Fabricsp. 97
Metallised Textiles and Fibresp. 98
Conclusions and Summaryp. 105
Prospects for the Futurep. 107
The CD-ROMp. 111
Referencesp. 113
Indexp. 121
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