The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction Third Edition

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-06-15
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packingand co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction.Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments.The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

Author Biography

Christopher Hammond is a Senior Lecturer at the Institute for Materials Research, at Leeds University, UK.

Table of Contents

Crystals and crystal structure
Two-dimensional patterns, lattices, and symmetry
Bravais lattices and crystal systems
Crystal symmetry, point groups, and crystal structures: the external symmetry of crystals
Describing lattice planes and directions in crystals: Miller indices and zone axis symbols
The reciprocal lattice
The diffraction of light
X-ray diffraction: The contributions of
The diffraction of X-rays and electrons
X-rays and electron diffraction of polycrystalline materials
Useful components for a crystallography model-building kit and suppliers
Computer programs in crystallography
Biographical notes on crystallographers and scientists mentioned in the text
Some useful crystallographic relationships
A simple introduction to vectors and complex numbers and their uses in crystallography
Systematic absences (extinctions) in X-ray diffraction and double diffraction in electron diffraction patterns
Answers to exercises
Further reading
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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