The Bedford Guide for College Writers with Reader, Research Manual, and Handbook

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-01-06
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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With its process-oriented rhetoric, provocative thematic reader, up-to-date research manual, and comprehensive handbook,The Bedford Guide for College Writersgives your students the tools they need to succeed as writers -- all in one book. Each of the book's four main components has been carefully developed to provide an engaging, well-coordinated guide for student writers. This edition's new, more open design and sharper focus on active learning do even more to help students develop transferable skills.The Bedford Guide for College Writersprepares students to be the confident, resourceful, and independent writers they will need to be.

Author Biography

X.J. KENNEDY is an acclaimed poet, children's author, college teacher, and textbook author. He has taught freshman composition at the University of Michigan, the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, and Tufts University. Since 1966, more than 2 million students have treasured his introductory literature texts and The Bedford Reader, coedited with Dorothy M. Kennedy and Jane E. Aaron, now in its Ninth Edition.
DOROTHY M. KENNEDY is a writer and editor whose articles and reviews have appeared in both professional and academic journals. She has taught composition at the University of Michigan and Ohio University and, with X.J. Kennedy, is the recipient of the NCTE Teacher's Choice Award for Knock at a Star: A Child's Introduction to Poetry.
MARCIA F. MUTH is a teacher, writer, and editor. She has taught first-year composition at The Ohio State University and now offers writing workshops through the School of Education at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center. She is the author or co-author of several composition textbooks and ancillaries, including Getting the Picture, Researching and Writing, and Writing and Revising, all published by Bedford/St. Martin's. She also co-authored Harold D. Lasswell: An Annotated Bibliography.

Table of Contents

PART ONE: A College Writer's Process
1. Writing Processes
Writing, Reading, and Critical Thinking
A Process of Writing
     Getting Started
     Generating Ideas
          *Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Ideas
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Drafts
     Revising and Editing
     *Learning by Doing: Reflecting on Finishing
Purpose and Audience
     Writing for a Reason
          *Learning by Doing: Considering Purpose
     Writing for Your Audience
          *Learning by Doing: Considering Audience
     Targeting a College Audience
          *Learning by Doing: Considering a College Audience
What Matters Most
Additional Writing Activities
2. Reading Processes
A Process of Critical Reading
          *Learning by Doing: Describing Your Reading Strategies
Getting Started  
     Preparing to Read
          *Learning by Doing: Preparing to Read
     Responding to Reading
          *Learning by Doing: Annotating a Passage
          *Learning by Doing: Responding in a Reading Journal
     *Learning from Another Writer: Olof Eriksson, The Problems with Masculinity (Student Reading Summary and Response)
Reading on Literal and Analytical Levels
          *Learning by Doing: Reading Analytically
     Generating Ideas from Reading
     *Learning from Another Writer: Stephanie Switzer, A Response to “Free the Children” (Student Reading Summary, Critique, and Application)
          *Learning by Doing: Reading Critically
          Jeffrey M. Leving and Glenn Sacks, Women Don't Want Men?     Ha!
     *Reading Online and Multimodal Texts
          *Learning by Doing: Reading a Web Site
Additional Writing Activities
3. Critical Thinking Processes
A Process of Critical Thinking
          *Learning by Doing: Thinking Critically to Solve a Campus Problem
Getting Started
          *Learning by Doing: Thinking Critically to Explore an Issue
     Applying Critical Thinking to Academic Problems
          *Learning by Doing: Thinking Critically to Respond to an Academic Problem
Supporting Critical Thinking with Evidence
     Types of Evidence
          *Learning by Doing: Looking for Evidence
Testing Evidence
Using Evidence to Appeal to Your Audience
     Logical Appeal (Logos)
     Emotional Appeal (Pathos)
     Ethical Appeal (Ethos)
          *Learning by Doing: Identifying Types of Appeals
     *Learning from Another Writer: Richard Anson, Young Americans and Media News (Student Rhetorical Analysis)
Presenting Your Critical Thinking
          *Learning by Doing: Testing Logical Patterns
Avoiding Faulty Thinking
          *Learning by Doing: Analyzing Reasoning
          Al Knight: Perhaps We Should Move to Save Dogs from Their Owners
          Letter from an Irate Dog Owner
Additional Writing Activities
PART TWO: A Writer's Situations
4. Recalling an Experience
     *Why Recalling an Experience Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     Russell Baker, The Art of Eating Spaghetti
     Robert G. Schreiner, What Is a Hunter? (Student Essay) 
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Recalling a Personal Experience
     Facing the Challenge: Writing from Recall
     Generating Ideas
          *Learning by Doing: Creating Your Writing Space
Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Stating the Importance of Your Experience
          *Learning by Doing: Selecting and Arranging Events
Revising and Editing
          *Learning by Doing: Appealing to the Senses
Additional Writing Assignments
5. Observing a Scene
     *Why Observing a Scene Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     Eric Liu, The Chinatown Idea
     Michael Coil, Communications (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Observing a Scene
     Facing the Challenge: Observing a Scene
     Generating Ideas
          *Learning by Doing: Enriching Sensory Detail
Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Experimenting with Organization
Revising and Editing
          *Learning by Doing: Strengthening Your Main Impression
Additional Writing Assignments
6. Interviewing a Subject
     *Why Interviewing a Subject Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     *Paul Solotaroff, The Surfing Savant
     *Lorena A. Ryan-Hines, Looking Backwards, Moving Forward (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Interviewing
     Generating Ideas
          *Learning by Doing: Transcribing Your Interview Notes
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Stating a Dominant Impression
     Revising and Editing
          *Learning by Doing: Screening Your Details
Additional Writing Assignments
7. Comparing and Contrasting
     *Why Comparing and Contrasting Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     Suzanne Britt, Neat People vs. Sloppy People
     Tim Chabot, Take Me Out to the Ballgame, but Which One? (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Comparing and Contrasting
     Generating Ideas
     Facing the Challenge: Comparing and Contrasting
          *Learning by Doing: Making a Comparison-and-Contrast Table
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Pinpointing Your Purpose
          *Learning by Doing: Building Cohesion with Transitions
     Revising and Editing
Additional Writing Assignments
8. Explaining Causes and Effects
     *Why Explaining Causes and Effects Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     *Jeffrey Pfeffer, Lay Off the Layoffs
     Yun Yung Choi, Invisible Women (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Explaining Causes and Effects
     Generating Ideas
     Facing the Challenge: Causes and Effects
          *Learning by Doing: Visualizing the Situation
          *Learning by Doing: Making a Cause-and-Effect Table
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Focusing Your Introduction
     Revising and Editing
Additional Writing Assignments
9. Taking a Stand
     *Why Taking a Stand Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     Suzan Shown Harjo, Last Rites for Indian Dead
     *Marjorie Lee Garrettson, More Pros than Cons in a Meat-free Life (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Taking a Stand
     Generating Ideas
     Facing the Challenge: Taking a Stand
          *Learning by Doing: Asking Your Question
          *Learning by Doing: Supporting a Claim
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
         *Learning by Doing: Refining Your Plans
         *Learning by Doing: Making Columns of Appeals
     Revising and Editing
     *Take Action: Strengthening Support for a Stand
Additional Writing Assignments
10. Proposing a Solution
     *Why Proposing a Solution Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     Wilbert Rideau, Why Prisons Don't Work
     *Lacey Taylor, It's Not Just a Bike (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Proposing a Solution
     Generating Ideas
     Facing the Challenge: Proposing a Solution
          *Learning by Doing: Describing Your Audience
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Making Problem-Solution Columns
     Revising and Editing
Additional Writing Assignments
11. Evaluating and Reviewing
     *Why Evaluating and Reviewing Matters
Learning from Other Writers
     *Seth Stevenson, Soft Sell
     Dennis O'Neil, Katrina Documentary Gives Voice to Survivors (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Writing an Evaluation
     Generating Ideas
     Facing the Challenge: Evaluating and Reviewing
          *Learning by Doing: Developing Criteria
Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Stating Your Overall Judgment
          *Learning by Doing: Supporting Your Judgments
     Revising and Editing
Additional Writing Assignments
12. Supporting a Position with Sources
     *Why Supporting a Position with Sources Matters
Learning from Other Writers
      *Jake Halpern, The Popular Crowd
     Melissa Lamberth, Overworked! (Student Essay)
Learning by Writing
     The Assignment: Supporting a Position with Sources
     Generating Ideas
     Facing the Challenge: Finding Your Voice
          *Learning by Doing: Selecting Reliable Sources
     Planning, Drafting, and Developing
          *Learning by Doing: Connecting Evidence and Thesis
     Revising and Editing
          *Learning by Doing: Launching Your Sources
          *Learning by Doing: Checking Your Presentation of Sources
     *Take Action: Integrating Source Information Effectively
Additional Writing Assignments
PART THREE: Special Writing Situations
13. Responding to Literature
Literary Analysis
     Learning from Other Writers
          Shirley Jackson, The Lottery
          Jonathan Burns, The Hidden Truth: An Analysis of Shirley Jackson's “The Lottery” (Student Literary Analysis)
          A Glossary of Terms for Literary Analysis  
Learning by Writing: Literary Analysis
          Learning by Doing: Developing Your Literary Analysis
Strategies for Writing about Literature
     Learning from Another Writer: Synopsis
          Jonathan Burns, A Synopsis of “The Lottery” (Student Synopsis)
     Learning by Writing: Synopsis
          Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour
     Learning from Another Writer: Paraphrase
          *Jonathan Burns, A Paraphrase from “The Lottery” (Student Paraphrase)
     Learning by Writing: Paraphrase
Additional Writing Assignments
14. Responding to Visual Representations
Using Strategies for Visual Analysis
Level One: Seeing the Big Picture
     Purpose and Audience
     Prominent Element
     Focal Point
          *Learning by Doing: Seeing the Big Picture
Level Two: Observing the Characteristics of an Image
     Cast of Characters
     Story of the Image
     Design and Arrangement
     Artistic Choices
          *Learning by Doing: Observing Characteristics
Level Three: Interpreting the Meaning of an Image
     General Feeling or Mood
     Sociological, Political, Economic, or Cultural Attitudes
     Signs and Symbols
          *Learning by Doing: Interpreting Meaning
     *Learning from Another Writer: Visual Analysis
          *Rachel Steinhaus, “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit” (Student Analysis of an Advertisement)
     *Learning by Writing
     Learning from Another Writer: Visual Essay
          *Josh Birnbaum, Uphill Battle (Student Photo Essay)
Additional Writing Assignments
*15. Writing Online
Getting Started with Campus and Course Basics
          Learning by Doing: Identifying Online Writing Expectations
     Class Courtesy
     Online Ethics
          Learning by Doing: Making Personal Rules
Common Online Writing Situations
     Messages to Your Instructor
          Learning by Doing: Finding a College Voice
     Learning from Other Writers: Messages to Your Instructor
          Heather Church, Subject: Reading Response (Student Question about an Assignment)
          Arthur Wasilewski, Subject: Comments on Last Paper (Student Question about Comments on a Draft)
          Learning by Doing: Contacting Your Instructor
     Online Profile
     Learning from Other Writers: Online Profile
          LaTanya Nash, My Profile as a Future Nurse (Student Online Profile)
          Learning by Doing: Posting a Personal Profile
          Lainie Costas, Interview of Tomas (Student Classmate Interview)
          Learning by Doing: Introducing a Classmate
     Online Threaded Discussions or Responses
     Learning from Other Writers: Threaded Discussion
          Instructor Kathleen Beauchene and Students Cristina Berrios, Joshua Tefft, Leah Threats, Arthur Wasilewski, and Joel Torres, Discussion of Writing Processes (Student Online Threaded Discussion)
          Learning by Doing: Joining a Threaded Discussion
Course Management Systems (CMS) and Other Online Tools
     Course Management Systems
          Learning by Doing: Exploring Your CMS
     Other Online Tools
File Management
          Learning by Doing: Preparing a Template
          Learning by Doing: Organizing Your Files
Online Assessment
Choosing Future Class Formats
          Learning by Doing: Choosing Future Class Formats
Additional Writing Assignments
16. Writing and Presenting Under Pressure
Essay Examinations
     Preparing for the Exam
     Learning from Another Writer: Essay Exam
          David Ian Cohn, Response to Psychology Question (Student Essay Exam Response)
     Generating Ideas 
     Planning for Typical Exam Questions
          *Learning by Doing: Asking Questions
     Drafting: The Only Version
     Revising: Rereading and Proofing
Short-Answer Examinations
Timed Writings
          *Learning by Doing: Thinking Fast
Writing for Portfolio Assessment
     Understanding Portfolio Assessment
     Tips for Keeping a Portfolio
Oral Presentations
     *Learning from Other Writers: Visuals for Oral Presentations
          *Andrew Dillon Bustin and Crystal Chadwick, Traditional Urban Design (Student Face-to-Face Class Presentation)
          *Michelle Sausen, Parental Involvement (Student Future Conference Presentation)
Additional Writing Assignments
17. Writing in the Workplace
Guidelines for Writing in the Workplace
     Know Your Purpose
     Keep Your Audience in Mind
     Use an Appropriate Tone
     Present Information Carefully
Résumés and Application Letters
     Application Letters
          *Learning by Doing: Planning a Job Application
Business Letters
     Format for Business Letters
     Format for Memoranda
     Format for E-mail
Brochures and Presentation Visuals
     Format for Brochures
     Format for Presentation Visuals
Additional Writing Assignments
PART FOUR: A Writer's Strategies
*18. Strategies: A Case Study
Generating Ideas
Planning, Drafting, and Developing
     Rough Draft with Peer and Instructor Responses
          Learning by Doing: Responding as a Peer
Revising and Editing
     Revised and Edited Draft
     Final Draft for Submission
          Erin Schmitt, Mr. Hertli (Student Essay)
Reflecting as a Writer
     Reflective Portfolio Letter
          Learning by Doing: Writing a Reflective Letter
19. Strategies for Generating Ideas
Finding Ideas
     Building from Your Assignment
          *Learning by Doing: Building from Your Assignment
          *Learning by Doing: Brainstorming
          *Learning by Doing: Freewriting
     Doodling or Sketching
          *Learning by Doing: Doodling or Sketching
          *Learning by Doing: Mapping
          *Learning by Doing: Imagining
     Asking a Reporter's Questions
          *Learning by Doing: Asking a Reporter's Questions
     Seeking Motives
          *Learning by Doing: Seeking Motives
     Keeping a Journal
          *Learning by Doing: Keeping a Journal
Getting Ready
     Setting Up Circumstances
     Preparing Your Mind
20. Strategies for Stating a Thesis and Planning
Shaping Your Topic for Your Purpose and Your Audience
          *Learning by Doing: Considering Purpose and Audience
Stating and Using a Thesis
          *Learning by Doing: Identifying Theses
     How to Discover a Working Thesis
          *Learning by Doing: Discovering a Thesis
     How to State a Thesis
          *Learning by Doing: Examining Thesis Statements
     How to Improve a Thesis
          *Take Action: Building a Stronger Thesis
     How to Use a Thesis to Organize
          *Learning by Doing: Using a Thesis to Preview Organization
Organizing Your Ideas
     Grouping Your Ideas
          *Learning by Doing: Moving from Outline to Thesis
          *Learning by Doing: Responding to an Outline
          *Learning by Doing: Outlining
21. Strategies for Drafting
Making a Start Enjoyable
Using Topic Sentences
Writing an Opening
Writing a Conclusion
           *Learning by Doing: Openings and Conclusions
Adding Cues and Connections
           *Learning by Doing: Identifying Transitions
22. Strategies for Developing
Giving Examples
          *Learning by Doing: Giving Examples
Providing Details
          *Learning by Doing: Providing Details
          *Learning by Doing: Developing an
Extended Definition
Reasoning Inductively and Deductively
          *Learning by Doing: Reasoning Inductively and Deductively
Analyzing a Subject
          *Learning by Doing: Analyzing a Subject
Analyzing a Process
          *Learning by Doing: Analyzing a Process
Dividing and Classifying
          *Learning by Doing: Dividing and Classifying
Comparing and Contrasting
          *Learning by Doing: Comparing and Contrasting
Identifying Causes and Effects
  *Learning by Doing: Identifying Causes and Effects
23. Strategies for Revising and Editing
Re-viewing and Revising
     Revising for Purpose and Thesis
     Revising for Audience
     Revising for Structure and Support
          *Learning by Doing: Tackling Macro Revision
     Working with a Peer Editor
     Meeting with Your Instructor
     Decoding Your Instructor's Comments
Revising for Emphasis, Conciseness, and Clarity
     Stressing What Counts
     Cutting and Whittling
     Keeping It Clear
          *Learning by Doing: Tackling Micro Revision
Editing and Proofreading
          *Learning by Doing: Editing and Proofreading
*24. Strategies for Future Writing
Transferring Knowledge
          Learning by Doing: Transferring Learning
What Do They Want?
     Analyzing Expectations
     Connecting Expectations and Assessments
          Learning by Doing: Decoding an Assignment
What Is It?
     Uncovering Assumptions
     Analyzing Genre Models
          Learning by Doing: Analyzing a Genre Model
How Do I Write It?
          Learning by Doing: Reflecting on New Assignments
     Learning from Another Writer: A Multi-Genre History Assignment
     Shari O'Malley, Recognition [selections] (Student Essay)  
25. Families
Christy De'on Miller, Give Me Five More Minutes
Anjula Razdan, What's Love Got to Do with It?
* Judith Warner, Helicopter Parenting Turns Deadly
* Alfie Kohn, When a Parent's “I Love You” Means “Do as I Say”
Danzy Senna, The Color of Love
     Amy Tan, Mother Tongue
     Richard Rodriguez, Public and Private Language
26. Men and Women
Robert Jensen, The High Cost of Manliness
Brent Staples, Black Men and Public Space
Dave Barry, From Now On, Let Women Kill Their Own Spiders
Judy Brady, I Want a Wife
*Cheryl Mendelson, My Secret Life
     *Linda Babcock and Sara Laschever, Low Goals and Safe Targets
     *Michael Gurian, Disappearing Act: Where Have the Men Gone? No Place Good
27. Popular Culture
Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies
*Sarah Seltzer, The (Girl) Geek Stands Alone
Ruth LaFerla, Latino Style is Cool. Oh, All Right: It's Hot.
*Frank Deford, NFL: Dodging the Concussion Discussion?
     * Kate Dailey and Abby Ellin, America's War on the Overweight
     * Michael Pollan, Out of the Kitchen, Onto the Couch
28. E-Technology
*Clive Thompson, New Literacy
David Gelernter, Computers Cannot Teach Children Basic Skills
*Joseph Turow, Have They Got a Deal for You
*Emily Yoffe, Seeking
     Sherry Turkle, How Computers Change the Way We Think
     *Michael Agger, Lazy Eyes
*29. Explorations on Living Well
*Sarah Adams, Be Cool to the Pizza Dude
*William F. Buckley, Jr., Why Don't We Complain?
William Zinsser, The Right to Fail
*Harold Taw, Finding Prosperity by Feeding Monkeys
*Eric Weiner, The Geography of Bliss
     *Juliet Schor, The Creation of Discontent
     * Llewellyn H. Rockwell, In Defense of Consumerism
30. Planning and Managing Your Research Project
Beginning Your Inquiry
     The Assignment: Writing from Sources
Generating Ideas and Asking a Research Question
     Exploring Your Territory
     Taking an Overview
     Turning a Topic into a Question
     Surveying Your Resources
     Using Keywords and Links
          *Learning by Doing: Proposing Your Project
Managing Your Project
     Creating a Schedule
     Recording Information
     Starting a Research Archive
31. Working with Sources
Drawing the Details from Your Sources
Starting a Working Bibliography
     Source Navigator: Article in a Magazine
     Source Navigator: Article in a Scholarly Journal from a Database
     Source Navigator: Book
     Source Navigator: Page from a Web Site
     Source Navigator: Notes for a Field Source
Capturing Information in Source Notes by Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing
           *Learning by Doing: Capturing Information from Sources
Developing an Annotated Bibliography
32. Finding Sources in the Library, on the Internet, and in the Field
Searching the Library Online
     Looking for Resources Grouped by Field
Searching Library Databases
Using Other Library Resources
     Consulting Reference Materials
     Locating Special Materials
Using the Internet for Research
     Finding Recommended Internet Resources
     Selecting Search Engines
     Finding Specialized Online Materials
Finding Sources in the Field
     Using Questionnaires
     Attending Public and Online Events
33. Evaluating Sources
Evaluating Library and Internet Sources
     Who Is the Author?
     Who Else Is Involved?
     What Is the Purpose?
     When Was the Source Published?
     Where Did You Find the Source?
     Why Would You Use This Source?
     How Would This Source Contribute to Your Paper?
          *Learning by Doing: Evaluating Your Sources
Evaluating Field Sources
Reconsidering Your Purpose and Your Thesis
34. Integrating Sources
Using Sources Ethically
Capturing, Launching, and Citing Evidence from Sources
     Quoting and Paraphrasing Accurately
     Summarizing Concisely
     Avoiding Plagiarism
     Launching Source Material
     Citing Each Source Clearly
     Synthesizing Ideas and Sources
     *Take Action: Integrating and Synthesizing Sources
          *Learning by Doing: Integrating and Synthesizing Your Sources
35. Writing Your Research Paper
Planning and Drafting
     Using Your Sources to Support Your Ideas
     Launching and Citing Your Sources as You Draft
     Beginning and Ending
Revising and Editing
Documenting Sources
     Citing Sources in Your Text
     Listing Sources at the End
     Other Assignments
*36. MLA Style for Documenting Sources
     *Take Action: Citing and Listing Sources Accurately in MLA Style
Citing Sources in MLA Style
     Who Wrote It?
     What Type of Source Is It?
     How Are You Capturing the Source Material?
Listing Sources in MLA Style
     Who Wrote It?
     What Type of Source Is It?
A Sample MLA Research Paper [heading should precede outline]
          *Candace Rardon, Meet Me in the Middle: The Student, the State, and the School (Student Essay)
37. APA Style for Documenting Sources
Citing Sources in APA Style
     Who Wrote It?
     What Type of Source Is It?
     How Are You Capturing the Source Material?
Listing Sources in APA Style
     Who Wrote It?
     What Type of Source Is It?
A Sample APA Research Paper
          Linn Bourgeau, Crucial Choices: Who Will Save the Wetlands If Everyone Is at the Mall? (Student Essay)
38. Grammatical Sentences
1. Sentence Fragments
2. Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
3. Verbs
4. Subject-Verb Agreement
5. Pronoun Case
6. Pronoun Reference
7. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
8. Adjectives and Adverbs
9. Shifts
39. Effective Sentences
10. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
11. Incomplete Sentences
12. Mixed Constructions and Faulty Predication
13. Parallel Structure
14. Coordination and Subordination
15. Sentence Variety
40. Word Choice
16. Appropriateness
17. Exact Words
18. Bias-Free Language
19. Wordiness
41. Punctuation
20. End Punctuation
21. The Comma
22. The Semicolon
23. The Colon
24. The Apostrophe
25. Quotation Marks
26. The Dash
27. Parentheses, Brackets, and the Ellipsis Mark
42. Mechanics
28. Abbreviations
29. Capital Letters
30. Numbers
31. Italics
32. The Hyphen
33. Spelling
*Quick Format Guide
A. Following the Format for an Academic Paper
B. Integrating and Crediting Visuals
C. Designing a Document Template
D. Solving Common Format Problems
E. Designing Other Documents for Your Audience
Quick Research Guide
A. Defining Your Quest
B. Searching for Recommended Sources
C. Evaluating Possible Sources
D. Capturing, Launching, and Citing Evidence from Sources
E. Citing and Listing Sources in MLA or APA Style
Quick Editing Guide
A. Editing for Common Grammar Problems
B. Editing to Ensure Effective Sentences
C. Editing for Common Punctuation Problems
D. Editing for Common Mechanics Problems
Appendix: A Glossary of Troublemakers

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