Bridging Multiple Worlds Case Studies of Diverse Educational Communities

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-04-18
  • Publisher: Pearson

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This text offers "real world" case studies involving educational staff, students, and families from diverse backgrounds in a variety of dynamic school settings. Bridging Multiple Worldsemphasizes long-term, comprehensive solutions that promote school, home, and community partnership to meet challenges in educational settings. The text provides foundational information about diversity in the US, multicultural education, and family-school-community partnership in Part I; moves on to explore the use of cases in teacher education and how to analyze cases using a "decision making scaffold" in Part II; and delves deeply into specific cases and the issues surrounding them on a wide range of diversity topics in the seven chapters in Part III.

Author Biography

Catharine Whittaker is a professor of special education at the State University of New York at New Paltz.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
Introductionp. xxi
The Meaning of Diversityp. xxii
The New Metaphorp. xxii
Authors' Statement of Philosophyp. xxiii
Use of Terminology Related to Diversityp. xxv
Referencesp. xxvii
Diversity in the United States
The Changing Pattern of Immigrationp. 1
Historical Overviewp. 2
Legislationp. 4
Illegal Immigrationp. 6
Current Issuesp. 7
Proposed Legislationp. 7
Assimilation and Acculturationp. 8
Demographic Changes in the Schoolsp. 10
Referencesp. 13
The Current State of Education for Diverse Students in the United Statesp. 15
The Educational Progress of Diverse Learnersp. 15
Readingp. 16
Writingp. 16
Mathematicsp. 17
Sciencep. 17
Achievement Levels Summaryp. 19
High-Poverty Schoolsp. 20
The Facilities Gapp. 20
Trackingp. 21
High School Completionp. 22
No Child Left Behind (NCLB)p. 22
Multicultural Educationp. 23
Alternative Viewpointsp. 27
Approaches to Curriculum Reformp. 28
Content Integrationp. 30
Culturally Responsive and Relevant Teachingp. 36
Classroom Discourse Patternsp. 38
Teacher Preparationp. 39
Challengesp. 42
Referencesp. 43
Building Partnerships with Diverse Families and Communitiesp. 46
Family Involvement in the Schoolsp. 47
Student Achievementp. 47
The Family Systemp. 52
Family Characteristicsp. 53
Family Functionsp. 54
The Family Life Cyclep. 55
Special Challengesp. 56
Culturally Diverse Familiesp. 56
Discipline Practicesp. 57
Home-School Communicationp. 57
School Involvementp. 59
The School-Family-Community Partnershipp. 60
Referencesp. 64
A Cases for Cases
The Development and Use of Cases in Teacher Educationp. 66
What Is a Teaching Case?p. 67
Why Are Case Discussions Valuable?p. 69
How Do Participants Analyze a Case?p. 70
Recognize the Problemp. 72
Reframe the Problemp. 72
Search for Alternativesp. 73
Develop and Implement a Plan of Actionp. 74
Evaluate Progressp. 75
How Do Participants Discuss a Case?p. 75
Referencesp. 78
Putting It All Together: Analyzing and Discussing a Casep. 80
Issues Regarding Migrant Farmworkers and Their Familiesp. 80
The Case of Jesus Gonzalezp. 83
Using the Case Decision-Making Scaffoldp. 87
Recognize the Problemp. 87
Reframe the Problemp. 88
Search for Alternativesp. 90
Develop and Implement Plan of Actionp. 91
Evaluate Progressp. 94
Follow-Up on Jesus Gonzalezp. 95
Evaluation of Follow-up to the Case of Jesus Gonzalezp. 96
Referencesp. 98
Case Studies in Diversity
Race and Ethnicityp. 99
Current Concepts of Racep. 99
Ethnicityp. 101
Racial and Ethnic Identityp. 101
White Identityp. 102
Children of Mixed Race/Ethnicityp. 104
Racismp. 106
Resisting Racismp. 108
The Case of Jim Petersonp. 109
The Case of Lisa Goldenp. 112
Referencesp. 116
Culture and Languagep. 118
Definition of Culturep. 119
Definition of Languagep. 120
Cultural and Linguistic Differencep. 121
Deficiency Orientationp. 122
Difference Orientationp. 122
Social Reconstructionist Orientationp. 122
Implications for Educationp. 123
Native American Mascotsp. 123
English Language Learnersp. 125
The Case of the Onteora Indianp. 128
The Case of Fome Qureship. 137
Referencesp. 144
Poverty and Socioeconomic Classp. 146
Expectations and Realitiesp. 146
Current Factsp. 148
Who Are the Poor?p. 151
Migrant Familiesp. 152
Homeless Families and Childrenp. 153
Impact of Poverty on School-Aged Childrenp. 154
Impact on Brain Developmentp. 154
State and Federal Provisionsp. 155
Welfare Changesp. 155
What Can Schools Do?p. 157
The Case of Maria Ramirezp. 158
The Case of Sue Wilsonp. 164
Referencesp. 168
Exceptionalityp. 169
Issues of Definition, Identification, and Appropriate Programsp. 169
The Inclusion Controversyp. 172
Creating Inclusive Schools for Students with Disabilitiesp. 174
Issues in the Education of Students Who Are Gifted and Talentedp. 176
Causes of Underrepresentationp. 176
Teacher Attitudes and Family Involvementp. 177
Programming for Gifted and Talented Studentsp. 177
Issues in the Education of Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderp. 179
The Case of Selina Jamesp. 181
The Case of Matthew Simpsonp. 186
Referencesp. 190
Gender by Terry Murray and Lorraine S. Taylorp. 194
Issues in Genderp. 194
Females and Mathematicsp. 194
Socialization Practicesp. 196
Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviorsp. 197
Affective Variablesp. 198
Parental Involvementp. 199
Minority Females and Mathematicsp. 200
Negative Attitudes and Perceptionsp. 200
Poor Academic Performancep. 201
Insufficient Course and Extracurricular Preparationp. 201
Limited Knowledge of Mathematics and Science Professionsp. 202
Peer Influencep. 202
African American Females and Mathematicsp. 203
The Foundations of Boys' Workp. 205
Educational and Social Indicators of Boys' Problemsp. 206
A Critical and Relational Approach to Boys' Workp. 207
Boys and Literacyp. 208
The Case of Cassie Brownp. 210
The Case of Justin Healyp. 215
Referencesp. 220
Sexual Orientation by Jane M. Sileo and Catherine R. Whittakerp. 223
Risk Factors for GLBT Studentsp. 224
Characteristics of GLBT Youthp. 225
Gay Teachersp. 226
Rationale for a School and Community Responsep. 227
Staff Training and Resourcesp. 229
Curriculum Issuesp. 229
School and Community Support Groups and Programsp. 232
The Case of Renee Fischerp. 233
The Case of Sam Meyersp. 240
Referencesp. 243
Religionp. 247
Religious Diversity in the United Statesp. 248
Why Religion Is an Issue in Public Schoolsp. 249
Failed Models of Religion in the Public Schoolp. 250
The Civil Public Schoolp. 251
Current Religious Issues in the Public Schoolsp. 251
Consensus Issuesp. 252
Controversial and Emerging Religious Issues in the Public Schoolsp. 255
The Case of The Higher Ground Academyp. 265
Referencesp. 270
Indexp. 273
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