A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy From Russell to Rawls

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-05-29
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls presents a comprehensive overview of the historical development of all major aspects of analytic philosophy, the dominant Anglo-American philosophical tradition in the twentieth century. Features coverage of all the major subject areas and figures in analytic philosophy - including Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and many others Contains explanatory background material to help make clear technical philosophical concepts Includes listings of suggested further readings Written in a clear, direct style that presupposes little previous knowledge of philosophy

Author Biography

Stephen P. Schwartz is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at the Ithaca College, New York. He has published numerous articles in leading analytic philosophy journals.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Introduction: What is Analytic Philosophy?p. 1
Leading Analytic Philosophersp. 6
Russell and Moorep. 8
Empiricism, Mathematics, and Symbolic Logicp. 8
Logicismp. 12
Russell on Definite Descriptionsp. 20
G. E. Moore's Philosophy of Common Sensep. 27
Moore and Russell on Sense Datap. 30
Moore's and Russell's Anti-Hegelianismp. 33
Summaryp. 38
Wittgenstein, the Vienna Circle, and Logical Positivismp. 46
Introductionp. 46
Ludwig Wittgenstein and the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicusp. 48
Historical Note: The Vienna Circle and their Alliesp. 58
The Elimination of Metaphysics and the Logical Positivist Programp. 59
The Demise of the Vienna Circlep. 68
The Influence of the Logical Positivistsp. 69
Responses to Logical Positivism: Quine, Kuhn, and American Pragmatismp. 76
Introductionp. 76
The Demise of the Verifiability Criterion of Meaningfulnessp. 78
Quine's Rejection of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinctionp. 82
Quinean Empiricism without the Dogmasp. 86
American Pragmatists after Quine: Nelson Goodman, Richard Rorty, and Hilary Putnamp. 101
Oxford Ordinary Language Philosophy and Later Wittgensteinp. 119
Introductionp. 119
The Attack on Formalism - Strawson and Rylep. 124
Philosophy of Language - Austin and Wittgensteinp. 128
Philosophy of Mind - Ryle, Strawson, and Wittgensteinp. 138
The Rejection of Sense Data Theoryp. 147
The Legacy of Ordinary Language Philosophyp. 153
Responses to Ordinary Language Philosophy: Logic, Language, and Mindp. 160
Part 1: Formal Logic and Philosophy of Languagep. 161
Gödel and Tarskip. 161
Davidsonp. 161
Gricep. 174
Carnap - Meaning and Necessityp. 178
Chomskyp. 180
Part 2: Philosophy of Mindp. 183
Functionalismp. 183
Objections to Functionalism - Bats and the Chinese Roomp. 188
Anomalous Monismp. 192
The Problem of Mental Causationp. 194
The Rebirth of Metaphysicsp. 204
Modal Logicp. 204
Possible Worldsp. 212
Problems with the Canonical Conception of Possible Worldsp. 216
Transworld Identity and Identificationp. 223
The Modal Version of the Ontological Argumentp. 229
Naming, Necessity, and Natural Kinds: Kripke, Putnam, and Donnellanp. 239
Introductionp. 239
The Traditional Theory of Meaning and Referencep. 240
Kripke's and Donnellan's Criticism of the Traditional Theory: Names and Descriptionsp. 243
Natural Kind Termsp. 247
Problems for the New Theory of Referencep. 253
Applications of the New Theory of Reference to the Philosophy of Mindp. 257
The Social, Cultural, and Institutional Basis of Meaning and Referencep. 260
Ethics and Metaethics in the Analytic Traditionp. 264
Introductionp. 264
G. E. Moore's Principia Ethicap. 266
The Non-Cognitivism of C. L. Stevensonp. 269
The Universal Prescriptivism of R. M. Harep. 272
The Return to Substantive Ethicsp. 275
Questioning the Fact/Value Dividep. 278
Peter Singer and Animal Liberationp. 281
John Rawls' Theory of Justicep. 285
Epilogue: Analytic Philosophy Today and Tomorrowp. 299
Analytic Philosophy since 1980p. 299
What is the Future of Analytic Philosophy?p. 321
Referencesp. 327
Indexp. 337
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