A Brief Introduction to the New Testament

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-09-29
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Featuring vibrant full color throughout, this new edition of A Brief Introduction to the New Testament is a concise version of Bart D. Ehrman's best-selling The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, Fourth Edition. Retaining the approach of the longer textbook while condensing and simplifying much of its material, this volume looks at the New Testament from a consistently historical and comparative perspective and emphasizes the rich diversity of the earliest Christian literature. Distinctive to this study is its emphasis on the historical, literary, and religious milieux of the Greco-Roman world, including early Judaism. A Brief Introduction to the New Testament, Second Edition, incorporates a wealth of pedagogical resources including an extensive text box program, study questions, maps, timelines, and more than seventy photos (including two photo essays). A comprehensive glossary contains more than 200 key terms; these terms appear in boldface type the first time they are used in each chapter and are also listed at the end of each chapter in which they appear. An updated Student Website contains chapter summaries, key terms, guides for reading, and self-quizzes. An accompanying Instructor's Manual provides chapter summaries, pedagogical suggestions, and a test bank. New to this Edition: * Four new text boxes on fascinating topics: "The Gospel of Judas," "Judas and the Roasting Chicken," "What Did Paul Look Like?," and "Was Jesus Married With Children?" * A new photo essay on important Greek manuscripts of the New Testament * Updated content reflecting recent scholarship and discoveries, including the Gospel of Judas Iscariot * A revised discussion of the Acts of the Apostles, which now follows coverage of the Gospels and the historical Jesus * A reorganization of material so that the Johannine epistles are discussed along with the other epistles * Updated "Questions for Study and Reflection" and "Suggestions for Further Reading" * Vivid full color throughout Ideal for undergraduate and seminary classes in the New Testament, Biblical Studies, and Christian Origins, A Brief Introduction to the New Testament, Second Edition, is an engaging and accessible introduction that encourages students to consider the historical issues surrounding these writings.

Author Biography

James A. Gray Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Table of Contents

Each chapter opens with a "What to Expect" section and closes with Suggestions for Further reading, Key Terms, and Questions for Study and Reflection
Preface to the Second Edition
Notes on Suggestions for Further reading
Master Time Line
Introduction: What Is The New Testament?
The New Testament: Some Basic Information
Other Early Christian Writings
The Development of the Christian Canon
Implications for Our Study
The New Testament: One Other Set of Problems
At a Glance: The New Testament Canon
Excursus: Some Additional Reflections: The Historian and the Believer
The Environment Of Early Christian Traditions: The Greco-Roman World
The Problem of Beginnings
One Remarkable Life
The Environment of the New Testament: Religions in the Greco-Roman World
At a Glance: The World of Early Christianity
The Environment Of Early Christian Traditions: The World Of Ancient Judaism
Monotheism: The Belief in One True God
The Covenant: Israel's Pact with Its God
The Law: Israel's Convenantal Obligations
Temple and Synagogue: Israel's Places of Worship
Forms of Early Judaism
Political Crises in Palestine and Their Ramifications
The Formation of Jewish Sects
The Jewish Context for the Traditions About Jesus
At a Glance: The World of Early Judaism
The Traditions Of Jesus In Their Greco-Roman Context
Oral Traditions Behind the Gospel
The Gospels as Biographies of Jesus
At a Glance: The Traditions of Jesus
Some Additional Reflections: The Authors of the Gospels
Jesus, The Suffering Son Of God: The Gospel According To Mark
The Synoptic Problem
The Beginning of the Gospel: Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God Who Fulfills Scripture
Jesus the Authoritative Son of God
Jesus the Opposed Son of God
Jesus the Misunderstood Son of God
Jesus the Acknowledged Son of God
Jesus the Suffering Son of God
Jesus the Crucified Son of God
Jesus the Vindicated Son of God
Conclusion: Mark and His Readers
At a Glance: The Gospel of Mark
Jesus, The Jewish Messiah: The Gospel According To Matthew
A Redactional Approach to Matthew
The Importance of Beginnings: Jesus the Jewish Messiah in Fulfillment of the Jewish Scriptures
The Portrayal of Jesus in Matthew: The Sermon on the Mount as a Springboard
Jesus Rejected by the Jewish Leaders
Matthew and His Readers
At a Glance: Matthew
Jesus, The Savior Of The World: The Gospel According To Luke
A Comparative Overview of the Gospel
The Preface to Luke's Gospel
Luke's Birth Narrative in Comparative Perspective
From Jew to Gentile: Luke's Portrayal of Jesus the Rejected Prophet
Luke's Distinctive Emphases Throughout His Gospel
Conclusion: Luke in Comparative Perspective
At a Glance: The Gospel of Luke
Jesus, The Man Sent From Heaven: The Gospel According To John
The Gospel of John from a Literary-Historical Perspective
The Gospel of John from a Redactional Perspective
The Gospel of John from a Thematic Perspective
The Gospel of John from a Comparative Perspective
The Author of the Fourth Gospel
At a Glance: The Gospel of John
The Historical Jesus
Problems with Sources
Using Our Sources
Jewish Apocalypticism
Jesus in His Apocalyptic Context
The Beginning and End as Keys to the Middle
The Apocalyptic Deeds of Jesus
The Apocalyptic Teachings of Jesus
The Apocalyptic Death of Jesus
At a Glance: Jesus the Apocalyptic Prophet
From Jesus To The Gospels
The Beginning of Christianity
Jesus' Resurrection from an Apocalyptic Perspective
Jesus' Death, According to the Scriptures
The Emergence of Different Understandings of Jesus
At a Glance: From Jesus to the Gospels
Luke's Second Volume: The Book Of Acts
The Genre of Acts and Its Significance
The Thematic Approach to Acts
From Gospel to Acts: The Opening Transition
Themes in the Speeches of Acts
At a Glance: The Book of Acts
Conclusion: The Author and His Themes in Context
Paul The Apostle: The Man And His Mission
The Study of Paul: Methodological Difficulties
The Life of Paul
At a Glance: Paul and His Mission
Paul And His Apostolic Mission: I Thessalonians As A Test Case
The Founding of the Church in Thessalonica
The Beginnings of the Thessalonian Church: A Socio-Historical Perspective
The Church at Thessalonica after Paul's Departure
Conclusion: Paul the Apostle
At a Glance: I Thessalonians
Paul And The Crises Of His Churches: The Corinthian Correspondence
At a Glance: 1 Corinthians
At a Glance: 2 Corinthians
Paul And The Crises Of His Churches: Galatians, Philippians, And Philemon Galatians
At a Glance: Galatians
At a Glance: Philippians
At a Glance: Philemon
The Gospel According To Paul: The Letter To The Romans
The Occasion and Purpose of the Letter
The Theme of the Epistle
Pauline Models for Salvation
The Flow of Paul's Argument
Conclusion: Paul and the Romans
At a Glance: Romans
In The Wake Of The Apostle: The Deutero-Pauline And Pastoral Epistles
Pseudonymity in the Ancient World
The Deutero-Pauline Epistles
At a Glance: The Deutero-Pauline Epistles
The Pastoral Epistles
The Historical Situation and Authorship of the Pastoral Epistles
At a Glance: The Pastoral Epistles
From Paul's Female Colleagues To The Pastor's Intimidated Women: The Oppression Of Women In Early Christianity
Women in Paul's Churches
Women Associated with Jesus
Paul's Understanding of Women in the Church
Women in the Aftermath of Paul
Ancient Ideologies of Gender
Gender Ideology and the Pauline Churches
At a Glance: Women in Early Christianity
Christian Conflicts With Jews And Pagans: Hebrews And 1 Peter
Christians and Jews
Early Christian Self-Definition
Continuity and Superiority: The Epistle to the Hebrews
At a Glance: Hebrews
Christians and Pagans
Christians in a Hostile World: The Letter of 1 Peter
At a Glance: 1 Peter
Christian Conflicts With Christians: James, 2 Peter, Jude, And The Johannine Epistles
Christian Conflicts with Christians
The Epistle of James
Jude 2 Peter
The Johannine Epistles
Understanding the Johannine Epistles
Reflections on the Contextual Method for Understanding the Johannine Epistles
Conflicts within the Early Christian Communities
At a Glance: Christian Internal Conflicts
Christians And The Cosmos: The Book Of Revelation
The Content and Structure of the Book of Revelation
The Book of Revelation from a Historical Perspective
Apocalyptic World Views and Apocalypse Genre
The Revelation of John in Historical Context
At a Glance: The Book of Revelation
Glossary of Terms
Photo Essays
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