A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament The Hebrew Bible in Its Context

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-11-21
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Engaging and accessible to students from all backgrounds, A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament: The Hebrew Bible in Its Context is an updated, concise, and more pedagogical version of Michael D. Coogan's best-selling The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures (OUP, 2005). Focuses on Historical Content while also Addressing Other Interpretive Approaches Retaining the historical and literary perspective of the longer text, this concise edition is enhanced by two new introductory chapters that provide students with the context necessary to analyze the biblical texts--one on the composition of the Old Testament and one on the history and geography of the ancient Near East and how it influenced the Hebrew Bible. Relying on internal evidence, scholarly consensus, and current research, Coogan deals in detail with ancient Near Eastern sources and archaeological data. He works from a primarily historical and critical methodology but also introduces students to literary analysis and other interpretive strategies. Offering the most balanced and comprehensive introduction available, Coogan examines all the books of the Hebrew Bible and also considers additional writings from the ancient Near East. The Apocryphal / Deuterocanonical books are included in an appendix. A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament: The Hebrew Bible in Its Context is enhanced by: * Chapter introductions connecting each chapter to the preceding material and previewing the material to come * Chapter summaries that highlight key points and link each chapter to the rest of the book * Important terms, boldfaced at their first appearance and defined in a glossary of more than 100 words * Numerous strategically placed text boxes--some new to this concise edition--that offer interesting and useful supplementary information * Timelines, photos, illustrations, maps, and a four-color insert on Jerusalem in biblical times * Review questions, suggestions for further reading, annotated bibliographies at the end of each chapter, and a general bibliography * An Instructor's Manual (in both print and CD formats) and a Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/coogan that contains resources for both students and instructors Providing a nondenominational and nondoctrinal treatment, A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament offers a unique and captivating introduction to the Hebrew scriptures themselves and to how they have been--and can be--interpreted.

Author Biography

Professor of Religious Studies, Stonehill College

Table of Contents

What is the Old Testament?
Chapter and Verse
The Jewish Canon
The Christian Canons
The Canons of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament
A Look Back and Ahead
The Promised Land: Geography, History, and Importance
A Look Back and Ahead
Cosmic Origins
Creations Genesis 1-3
The Book of Genesis
Genesis 1 and the Sabbath
Genesis and Science
The Sabbath in Jewish and Christian Tradition
The Second Account of Creation (Gen 2.4b-3.24)
The Garden of Eden
Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Tradition
A Look Back and Ahead
The Formation of the Pentateuch and the Primeval History
Genesis 4-11
The Traditional View
The Development of Modern Interpretation
A Summary of the Documentary Hypothesis
The Formation of the Pentateuch
Challenges to the Documentary Hypothesis
Other Strategies for Interpreting the Pentateuch
Primeval History
J (the Yahwist Source)
Cain and Abel
Noah's Drunkenness
The Sons of God
P (the Priestly Source)
The Tower of Babel
The Table of Nations
The Flood
The Documentary Hypothesis at Work
A Look Back and Ahead
National Origins
The Ancestors of Israel
Genesis 12-50
The Nature of the Narratives
Source Criticism
Abram and Abraham, Sarai and Sarah
The Binding of Isaac
Form Criticism
Ancient Near Eastern Parallels
The Ugaritic Texts
The Joseph Narrative
The Ancestors of Israel
Abraham, Father of Believers
History and the Ancestors of Israel
The Religion of the Ancestors
A Look Back and Ahead
Escape From Egypt
Exodus 1-15
The Book of Exodus
Exodus 1-15
Legends of Rescue
The Divine Name Yahweh
The Hardening of the Pharaoh's Heart
The Development of the Passover Celebration
The Exodus and History
The Exodus and the History of Religions
A Look Back and Ahead
From Egypt to Sinai
Exodus 16-24
Incidents on the Journey
The Location of Sinai
At Sinai
The Ten Commandments
The Status and Numbering of the Ten Commandments
The Ratification of the Covenant
A Look Back and Ahead
Law, Ritual, and Holiness
Exodus 20.22-23.33 and 25-40 and Leviticus
Law in the Ancient Near East
Excerpt from the Code of Hammurapi
The Covenant Code (Ex 20.22-23.33)
The Ark, the Tabernacle, and the Priestly Vestments and Ordination
"An Eye for an Eye"
The Golden Calf
Forty Days and Forty Nights
The Ritual Decalogue
An Ancient Hebrew Agricultural Calendar
The Book of Leviticus
Sacrifices (Lev 1-7)
The Consecration Ceremonies and Their Aftermath (Lev 8-10)
Purity and Impurity (Lev 11-15)
The Day of Atonement
The Holiness Code
Capital Punishment
Women in Israelite Ritual and Law
The Ethics of Leviticus
A Look Back and Ahead
In the Wilderness
The Book of Numbers
Preparations for the Journey
Law, Ritual, and Purity
The Chronology and Geography of the Wanderings
Rebellions in the Wilderness
Opposition on the Journey
Excerpt from the Deir Alla Texts
Preparations for the Entry into the Land
A Look Back and Ahead
The End of the Journey to the Promised Land
The Book of Deuteronomy
The Shema
The Origins of Deuteronomy
The Deuteronomic School
The Character and Personality of Moses
The Meanings of "Torah"
A Look Back and Ahead
Joshua and the Conquest of the Land of Canaan
The Deuteronomistic History
The Book of Joshua
History and the Book of Joshua
Shechem in Biblical Tradition
A Look Back and Ahead
The Emergence of Israel in the Land of Canaan
Judges and Ruth
The Book of Judges
The Moabites and the Ammonites
The Song of Deborah
The Philistines
History and the Israelite Confederation
The Book of Ruth
A Look Back and Ahead
Kings and Prophets
The Establishment of the Monarchy
1 Samuel
The Books of Samuel
1 Samuel
Positive Assessments of Saul
A Look Back and Ahead
The Reign of David
2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1-2
2 Samuel
David's Compositions
A Look Back and Ahead
The Reign of Solomon
1 Kings 1-11 and Psalm 89
The Books of Kings
1 Kings 1-11
Solomon in Later Tradition
The Ideology of the Davidic Monarchy
The Royal Ideology in Later Traditions
A Look Back and Ahead
The Divided Kingdoms of Israel and Judah From the Late Tenth to the Early Eighth Centuries Bce
1 Kings 12-2 Kings 14
Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah Late Tenth to Mid-Eighth Centuries BCE
Institutions and Society
Prophets and Prophecy
Prophets in Later Traditions
The Legends of Elijah and Elisha
Elijah in Later Tradition
A Look Back and Ahead
The Northern Kingdom of Israel in the Eighth Century Bce
2 Kings 14-17, Amos, and Hosea
Chronology of the Eighth Century BCE
Prophetic Books and "Classical" Prophecy
The Day of the Lord
Prophetic Attacks on Rituals
Marriage in Ancient Israel
A Look Back and Ahead
The Kingdom of Judah in the Eighth and Early Seventh Centuries Bce
2 Kings 15-20, 2 Chronicles 29-32, Isaiah 1-39, and Micah
Chronology of the Eighth and Seventh Centuries BCE
The Reign of Hezekiah
The Siege of Jerusalem in 734 BCE
The Identity of Immanuel
The Assyrian Invasion of Judah in 701 BCE
Sennacherib's Attack on Jerusalem (701 BCE) according to the Assyrian Annals
Hezekiah's Tunnel
A Look Back and Ahead
Judah in the Seventh and Early Sixth Centuries Bce: The End of Assyrian Domination and the Fall of Jerusalem
2 Kings 21-25, 2 Chronicles 33-36, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Jeremiah
Chronology of the Seventh and Early Sixth Centuries BCE
The Reign of Manasseh
Ashurbanipal's Library
The Reign of Josiah
Megiddo and Armageddon
The Last Kings of Judah
The Fall of Jerusalem
The Book of Zephaniah
The Book of Nahum
The Book of Habakkuk
Jeremiah in Postbiblical Tradition
Jeremiah and the History of Bookmaking
A Look Back and Ahead
Exile and Return
After the Fall: Jews in Judah and Babylon
Lamentations, Psalm 137, Obadiah, and Ezekiel
The Book of Lamentations
Acrostic Poems
The Jews in Babylonia
Psalm 137
The Book of Obadiah
Yahweh as Violent Spouse
Gog of Magog
A Look Back and Ahead
Return From Exile
Ezra 1-2 and Isaiah 34-35 and 40-55
Chronology of the Sixth Century BCE
The Priestly Source of the Pentateuch
The Exilic Edition of the Deuteronomistic History
Isaiah 40-55
The Development of Monotheism
Female Images of God
A Look Back and Ahead
Reconstruction, Consolidation, and Challenge
The Restoration: Judah in the Late Sixth and Fifth Centuries Bce
Ezra 3-10, Haggai, Zechariah, Isaiah 24-27 and 56-66, Joel, and Malachi
Chronology of the Mid-Sixth to the Fourth Centuries BCE
Ezra 3-6
The Book of Haggai
Zechariah 1-8
Isaiah 56-66
The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
The Elephantine Papyri
Apocalyptic Literature
The "Isaiah Apocalypse" (Isa 24-27)
Zechariah 9-14
The Book of Joel
The Book of Malachi
A Look Back and Ahead
The Consolidation of Traditions
1-2 Chronicles, Psalms, and Proverbs
The Books of Chronicles
Samaria and the Samaritans
The Book of Psalms
Music in Ancient Israel
Wisdom Literature
The Book of Proverbs
A Look Back and Ahead
Dissidents, Lovers, and Heroes
Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Jonah, Esther, and Daniel
The Book of Job
The Satan
"I Know That My Redeemer Liveth"
Behemoth and Leviathan
Job's Wife and Daughters
The Book of Ecclesiastes
The Development of Beliefs in Life after Death in Ancient Israel
The Song of Solomon
Historical Romances
The Book of Jonah
The Book of Esther
The Festival of Purim
The Book of Daniel
Angels and Demons
"Son of Man"
A Look Back and Ahead
Appendix: The Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books
Revisions of and Additions to Biblical Books
Historiographic Literature
Historical Fiction
Wisdom Literature
Other Compositions
General Bibliography
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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