Broken Treaties

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-06-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Nebraska Pr
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Broken Treatiesis a comparative assessment of Indian treaty negotiation and implementation focusing on the first decade following the United StatesLakota Treaty of 1868 and Treaty Six between Canada and the Plains Cree (1876). Jill St. Germain argues that the "broken treaties" label imposed by nineteenth-century observers and perpetuated in the historical literature has obscured the implementation experience of both Native and non-Native participants and distorted our understanding of the relationships between them. As a result, historians have ignored the role of the Treaty of 1868 as the instrument through which the United States and the Lakota mediated the cultural divide separating them in the period between 1868 and 1875. In discounting the treaty they have also failed to appreciate the broader context of U.S. politics, which undermined a treaty solution to the Black Hills crisis in 1876. In Canada, on the other hand, the "broken treaties" tradition has obscured the distinctly different understandings of Treaty Six held by Canada and the Plains Cree. The inability of either party to appreciate the other's position fostered the damaging misunderstanding that culminated in the Northwest Rebellion of 1885. In the first critical assessment of the implementation of these treaties,Broken Treatiesrestores Indian treaties to a central position in the investigation of Nativenon-Native relations in the United States and Canada.

Author Biography

Jill St. Germain teaches at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario. She is the author of Indian Treaty-Making Policy in the United States and Canada, 1867–1877 (Nebraska 2004).

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. viii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. xiii
Separate Pastsp. 1
Expectations and Promisesp. 27
Early Efforts in the United States, 1868-1871p. 73
Early Efforts in Canada, 1876-1878p. 101
Negotiating the Relationship: The Treaty of 1868, 1871-1875p. 133
Misunderstanding in Practice: Treaty Six, 1879-1884p. 177
The Treaty of 1868 and the Peace Policy, 1875-1876p. 251
Treaty Six and the Northwest Rebellion, 1885p. 311
Conclusionp. 345
1868 Treaty with the Siouxp. 353
1876 Treaties at Forts Carlton and Pittp. 365
List of Abbreviationsp. 373
Notesp. 374
Bibliographyp. 411
Indexp. 431
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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