Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1998-04-15
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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This book addresses the origins, development, meanings, and consequences of the 1954 Supreme Court decision to end Jim Crow segregation. Using legal documents to frame the debates surrounding the case, Waldo Martin presentsBrown v. Board of Educationas an event, a symbol, and a key marker in the black liberation struggle.

Author Biography

Waldo E. Martin Jr. is professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley. His scholarly and teaching interests include modern American history and culture with an emphasis on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; his principal areas of research and writing are African American intellectual and cultural history. He is the author of "A Change is Gonna Come": Black Movement, Culture, and the Transformation of America 1945-1975 (forthcoming) and The Mind of Frederick Douglass (1985); he coedited, with Patricia Sullivan, The Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in the Untied States (forthcoming). Martin has published numerous articles and lectured widely on Frederick Douglass and on modern African American cultural and intellectual history.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. v
Prefacep. vii
Introduction: Shades of Brown: Black Freedom, White Supremacy, and the Lawp. 1
Historical Backdrop: The Constitution, the Law, and Fighting Jim Crowp. 3
The Evolution of the NAACP Legal Campaign Against Jim Crowp. 7
The NAACP's Legal Strategy Challengedp. 14
The Growing Anti-Racist Offensive: An American Dilemma Confronts World War IIp. 19
Continuity and Change in the Legal Struggle: Equality, Equalization, and Direct Attackp. 22
Politics, Social Change, and Decision-Making within the Supreme Court: The Crafting of Brownp. 27
The Brown Decision: Immediate Responses and Immediate Consequencesp. 32
Roberts v. City of Boston (1849)p. 42
A Petition on Behalf of Black Inclusion in the Boston Common Schools, October 17, 1787p. 42
A Black Teacher's Travail, 1850s Fugitive Slave Poster, 1851p. 43
Brief for Public School Integration, 1849p. 47
Opinion of the Court in Roberts v. City of Boston, 1849p. 57
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)p. 61
"Civil Rights: The Outrage of the Supreme Court of the United States upon the Black Man," 1889p. 61
"The Case Stated," 1895p. 68
"We Wear the Mask," 1895p. 74
Majority Opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896p. 76
Dissenting Opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896p. 81
Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents (1950)p. 87
"Letters of Negro Migrants of 1916-1918," 1919p. 87
"I, Too," 1926p. 90
"Does the Negro Need Separate Schools?" 1935p. 91
From An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy, 1944p. 102
The Petitioner's Brief in Sweatt v. Painter, 1950p. 110
Opinion of the Court in Sweatt v. Painter, 1950p. 116
Opinion of the Court in McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents, 1950p. 118
Brown v. Board of Education (1952-55)p. 121
Mississippi Voter Registration Form, 1955p. 123
The Lower Court Round: Preliminary Deliberationsp. 126
Decision in Briggs v. Elliott, 1951p. 126
Dissent in Briggs v. Elliott, 1951p. 131
The Supreme Court Rounds: The Making of Brown I and Brown IIp. 137
Setting the Stagep. 137
Appellants' Brief, 1952p. 137
"The Effects of Segregation and the Consequences of Desegregation: A Social Science Statement," Appendix to Appellants' Briefp. 142
Appellees' Brief, 1952p. 151
Reargument on Original Intent and Possible Reliefp. 156
The Supreme Court's Order: The Questions, 1953p. 156
Appellants' Brief, 1953p. 158
Appellees' Brief (1953)p. 162
Federal Friend-of-the-Court Brief, 1953p. 165
Opinion of the Court in Brown v. Board of Education, May 17, 1954p. 168
Reargument on Remedy--Immediate or Gradual?p. 175
Appellants' Brief, 1954p. 175
Appellees' Brief, 1954p. 184
Appellants' Reply Brief, 1954p. 187
Ruling on Relief, May 31, 1955p. 194
Popular Response to Brownp. 199
Newspaper Editorialsp. 199
"All God's Chillun," Times (New York), May 18, 1954 The Decision of A Century, Daily World (Atlanta), May 18, 1954p. 202
Will Stun Communists, Courier (Pittsburgh), May 18, 1954p. 202
End of Dual Society, Defender (Chicago), May 18, 1954p. 203
Emancipation, Post and Times Herald (Washington, D.C.), May 18, 1954p. 203
The Supreme Court Has Given Us Time, Constitution (Atlanta) May 18, 1954p. 204
Bloodstains on White Marble Steps, Daily News (Jackson, Miss.), May 18, 1954p. 204
The Pattern of the Future, Gazette (Arkansas), May 18, 1954p. 205
Equality Redefined, Herald (Boston), May 18, 1954p. 205
The Segregation Decision, Times (Los Angeles), May 19, 1954p. 206
"Violates" Way of Life, Cavalier Daily, University of Virginia, May 18, 1954p. 206
Adjustment Held Difficult, Mississippian, University of Mississippi, May 18, 1954p. 207
Letters to Editorsp. 207
Times (New York), May 31, 1954p. 208
Sentinel (Orlando), August 11, 1955p. 209
Political Cartoonsp. 212
Chronicle (San Francisco), May 18, 1954p. 213
Christian Science Monitor (Boston), May 22, 1954p. 214
Democrat (Arkansas), May 22, 1954p. 215
Tennessean (Nashville), May 22, 1954p. 216
Afro-American (Richmond), May 22, 1954p. 217
Defender (Chicago), June 12, 1954p. 218
White Backlashp. 218
The Southern Manifesto, March 12, 1956p. 220
White Citizen's Council Noticep. 222
National Progress Report: Realizing Integrated Schoolsp. 223
Decade of Desegregation, Times (New York), May 17, 1964p. 224
Two Decades Later, Times (New York), May 17, 1974p. 225
The Enduring Promise of Brown, Times (New York), May 17, 1984p. 227
Forty Years and Still Struggling, Times (New York), May 18, 1994p. 228
Epilogue: The Legacy of Brownp. 230
Chronology of Events Related to Brown v. Board of Educationp. 238
Selected Bibliographyp. 241
Indexp. 247
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