Building Science, Technology and Innovation Capacity in Rwanda : Developing Practical Solutions to Practical Problems

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: World Bank

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'Building Science, Technology, and Innovation Capacity in Rwanda' presents the methodology, policy conclusions, and detailed action plans that emerged from a World Bank science, technology, and innovation (STI) capacity-building program in Rwanda in 2006-07. This book illustrates that even an economy dominated by subsistence agriculture such as Rwanda's needs to develop STI capacity to address everyday issues such as providing energy and clean water to rural areas, and to compete in the global economy.This book provides new insights into the STI capacity-building process and shows that this process is not an activity solely for wealthy countries, but is, in fact, a necessity for poorer countries that want to improve their economy. The methodology presented can be used to help poor countries achieve the Millennium Development Goals and increase their competitiveness, while helping middle-income countries to compete on the basis of innovation and quality.'Building Science, Technology, and Innovation Capacity in Rwanda' will be useful for policy makers and those in nongovernmental organizations in developing countries working to promote agribusiness, economic policy, and education, to reduce poverty, and to develop rural economic strategies.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Executive Summaryp. xvii
Overview and Summary of Resultsp. 1
Current Social and Economic Situationp. 2
Improving the Lives of the Rural Poor, Reducing Poverty, and Achieving the MDGsp. 4
Creating Wealth and Diversifying the Economyp. 6
Government Commitment to STI Capacity Buildingp. 8
Methodology and Design of the STI Capacity-Building Programp. 11
Lessons Learnedp. 15
Implementation Issuesp. 21
Notesp. 22
The Food-Processing Industryp. 25
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessmentp. 25
Standardization and Quality Managementp. 27
Human Resource Constraintsp. 27
Markets for Processed Foodsp. 28
Development Potential for the Food-Processing Industryp. 29
Recommended Strategiesp. 30
Educating and Training Peoplep. 32
Developing Business Development Servicesp. 33
Improving Transport and Packagingp. 34
Conducting Market Research and Feasibility Studiesp. 34
Adopting Complementary Measuresp. 35
Value-Added Exportsp. 37
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessmentp. 37
Recommended Public-Private Partnerships for Capacity Building in Value-Added Enterprisesp. 40
Public-Private Partnership for Technical and Vocational Trainingp. 40
Public-Private Grant Facility for Enterprise-Based Trainingp. 41
Establishing a Public-Private Technology Information Servicep. 42
Establishing a Matching Grant Program for Investment in Productive Technologiesp. 43
Creating a Public-Private Organic Production and Research Associationp. 43
Building Capacity for Organic Production and Certificationp. 45
Public-Private Instruments for Capacity Building in Design and Product Developmentp. 45
Notesp. 46
Development and Diffusion of Appropriate Technologiesp. 47
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessmentp. 47
Agencies and Institutions Responsible for Promoting Appropriate Technologyp. 51
Factors Hampering the Development and Transfer of Appropriate Technologyp. 54
Recommended Strategiesp. 55
Building Capacity at CITTp. 56
Building Capacity at IRSTp. 58
Building Capacity at Vocational Training Centersp. 59
Establishing a Technology Development Fundp. 60
Notesp. 62
Delivery of Clean Drinking Waterp. 63
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessmentp. 63
Recommended Strategiesp. 65
Training Local Water Techniciansp. 65
Training District- and National-Level Managersp. 68
Building Capacity at KISTp. 68
Building Capacity at NURp. 69
Building Capacity at ISAEp. 70
Geosciences and Geothermal Energyp. 71
Fast-Track "Urgent" Plan for Geothermal Resource Assessment and Pilot Power Generationp. 72
Institutional Set-Upp. 74
Capacity Building through Hands-On Trainingp. 74
Long-Term Institution/Capacity Building for Geothermal Energy and Geoscience Development: The Rwanda Geoscientific Centerp. 75
Required Capacity-Building Effortsp. 80
Notesp. 82
Client-Focused Agricultural Research and Outreachp. 83
Situation Analysis/Needs Assessmentp. 83
Weaknesses in the Performance of the Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Systemp. 85
Weaknesses in the Public Research and Technology Transfer Systemp. 86
Weaknesses in Private Sector Participationp. 88
Weaknesses in the Agricultural Education and Training Systemp. 88
Recommended Strategies for Capacity Buildingp. 89
Strengthen the Key Components of the Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Systemp. 89
Empower the Beneficiaries of Agricultural Research and Outreachp. 90
Promote the Profitability of Agriculture and Private Sector Participationp. 91
Improve ISAR's Institutional Performancep. 93
Improve Coordination, Methods, and Performance Standards for Agricultural Research and Technology Transferp. 94
Develop and Manage Human Resourcesp. 95
Build Capacity at ISAE and NURp. 96
Notesp. 97
Background Documentsp. 99
Sample Terms of Reference for the Needs Assessment and Action Plan Studiesp. 101
Public Institutions Involved in STI Capacity-Building Action Plansp. 105
Bibliographyp. 107
Indexp. 109
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