Challenging Oppression and Confronting Privilege

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-10-01
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Oppression is experienced by anyone who does not fit the profile of the dominant group in Western societies-people of colour or with disabilities; women; gay, lesbian, and bisexual persons; the young and the old; the poor. Privilege is the inverse to oppression, given to us by society if wepossess those characteristics that society values, such as being male, white, heterosexual, affluent, and non-disabled. In the second edition of Challenging Oppression and Confronting Privilege, Bob Mullaly examines in detail the many forms that oppression can take, at the personal, cultural, andstructural (or institutional) levels and explores their relationship to privilege in society. Using this framework, he outlines the anti-oppressive approaches and practices that social work must adopt if it is really to assist those on whom an inferior variety of citizenship has been imposed. Healso discusses what privilege has to do with social workers and presents a number of activities that confront and challenge privilege to make a difference with their practice.

Author Biography

Bob Mullaly is Senior Scholar in the Faculty of Social Work at the University of Manitoba.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. vi
Prefacep. vii
Theoretical and Conceptual Considerationsp. 1
The Imperative of Theoryp. 1
Social Problems: The Great Paradox of the Helping Professionsp. 3
Order and Conflict/Change Perspectivesp. 8
Critical Social Theoryp. 16
Critical Social Work Theoryp. 19
Modernism and Postmodernismp. 21
Major Concepts Associated with Oppression/Anti-Oppression Frameworkp. 24
Conclusionp. 32
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 32
Further Readingsp. 33
Oppression: An Overviewp. 34
Diversity, Difference, and Oppressionp. 34
Social Work Approaches to Differencep. 37
The Nature of Oppressionp. 38
Oppression as a Social Justice Issuep. 44
The Genealogy of Modern-day Oppression and the Politics of Identityp. 48
The Dynamics of Oppressionp. 53
Forms of Oppressionp. 55
Personal, Cultural, and Structural Levels of Oppressionp. 61
Conclusionp. 63
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 64
Further Readingsp. 65
Oppression at the Personal Levelp. 67
Normalizing Gaze and Objectified Bodiesp. 67
Acts of Oppression at the Personal Levelp. 68
Effects of Oppression on the Individualp. 73
Surviving Oppression: Responses of Oppressed People at the Personal Levelp. 83
Critical Social Theory and Personal Oppressionp. 88
Conclusionp. 89
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 90
Further Readingsp. 91
Oppression at the Cultural Levelp. 93
Introductionp. 93
Culture (the 'Poor Cousin' in Social Work)p. 96
The Dominant Culturep. 98
Popular/Mass Culturep. 101
Critical Social Theories of Culturep. 102
Stereotypes as Cultural Expressions of Oppressionp. 110
Language and Discourse as Mechanisms of Oppression (and Anti-Oppression)p. 114
Social Work and Cultural Oppressionp. 118
Conclusionp. 123
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 124
Further Readingsp. 125
Oppression at the Structural Levelp. 126
Introductionp. 126
Social Relations and Oppressionp. 127
The Politics of Differencep. 135
Economic Relations and Oppressionp. 138
Political Relations and Oppressionp. 144
Effects of Structural Oppressionp. 150
Social Determinants of Healthp. 154
Conclusionp. 156
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 158
Further Readingsp. 158
Internalized Oppression and Dominationp. 160
Introductionp. 160
Psychology of Oppressionp. 160
Inferiority and Internalized Oppressionp. 162
The Master-Slave Paradigmp. 163
False Consciousnessp. 167
Other Perspectives on Internalized Oppressionp. 172
Psychology of Liberationp. 178
Internalized Dominationp. 179
Conclusionp. 184
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 185
Further Readingsp. 186
The 'Web': The Multiplicity, Intersectionality, and Heterogeneity of Oppressionp. 188
Introductionp. 188
Multiple Identities and the Persistence of Domination and Oppressionp. 189
Models of Multiple Oppressionsp. 191
Intersections of Oppression: An Analysisp. 198
Heterogeneity within Oppressed Groupsp. 203
Conclusionp. 217
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 218
Further Readingsp. 218
Anti-Oppressive Social Work Practice at the Personal and Cultural Levelsp. 220
Introductionp. 220
Anti-Oppressive Practice at the Personal Levelp. 222
Anti-Oppressive Practice at the Cultural Levelp. 242
Challenging the Organizationp. 252
Conclusionp. 256
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 257
Further Readingsp. 258
Anti-Oppressive Social Work at the Structural Level and Selected Principles of Anti-Oppressive Social Workp. 259
Introductionp. 259
Anti-Oppressive Practice at the Structural Levelp. 259
Selected Principles of Anti-oppressive Social Work Practicep. 272
The Constructive Use of Angerp. 282
Conclusionp. 284
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 285
Further Readingsp. 285
Unpacking Our Knapsacks of Invisible Privilegep. 287
Introductionp. 287
The Nature of Privilegep. 288
Dynamics of Privilegep. 292
Why Dominant Groups Do Not See Privilege as a Problemp. 296
A Taxonomy of Everyday Examples of Unearned Privilegep. 299
Social Work and Privilegep. 308
What Can We Do?p. 311
Conclusionp. 318
Critical Questions for Discussionp. 319
Further Readingsp. 320
Notesp. 322
Referencesp. 328
Indexp. 343
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