China's Political System

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2011-02-08
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Updated in a new 8th edition, China#x19;s Political Systemexamines how the government of China is affected by ongoing efforts to harmonize its unique culture with external influences and ideas.#xA0;Highly respected area specialist June Teufel Dreyer offers expert analysis of the historical context and current trends to show how this transition is challenging China#x19;s economic, legal, military, social, and cultural institutions.

Author Biography

June Teufel Dreyer is Professor of Political Science at the University of Miami.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Modernization and Chinese Civilizationp. 1
Theories of Analysis of Chinese Politicsp. 8
Theoretical Analysis in the Early Years of the PRCp. 10
Theories Engendered by the Cultural Revolutionp. 15
Post-Mao Theories of Analysisp. 21
Conclusionsp. 23
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 24
The Chinese Traditionp. 25
Basic Characteristicsp. 25
The Governmental Structure of Traditional Chinap. 32
The Examination Systemp. 35
Literature and Artp. 36
The Role of Law in Traditional Chinap. 36
The Militaryp. 38
The Barbarian Problemp. 39
Interpretations of Chinese Historyp. 40
Implications for Industrializationp. 42
Conclusionsp. 46
Suggestions for further Readingp. 46
Reformers, Warlords, and Communistsp. 47
The New Invasionp. 47
The Self-Strengthening Movementp. 49
Reform and Revolutionp. 53
The Reformersp. 54
The Reactionariesp. 55
The Revolutionariesp. 56
The Kuomintangp. 61
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 65
The Communist Road to Powerp. 66
The Early Years: 1919-1923p. 66
The Period of Soviet Control: 1923-1931p. 68
The Jiangxi Soviet: 1931-1934p. 70
The Long March: 1934-1935p. 72
The Xi' An Incident: 1936p. 75
The Second United Front: 1936-1941p. 76
Civil War and Victory: 1941-1949p. 82
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 84
PRC Politics under Mao: 1949-1976p. 85
Consolidation of Power: 1949-1955p. 85
Establishing the Organs of Powerp. 89
The Hundred Flowers Period: 1956-1957p. 94
The Great Leap Forward and Its Aftermath: 1958-1961p. 97
The Socialist Education Movement: 1962-1966p. 102
The Cultural Revolution: 1966-1976p. 104
The Years of Upheaval: 1966-1969p. 104
Reconstruction: 1970-1976p. 109
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 112
PRC Politics in the Post-Mao Era: 1976-2010p. 113
Interregnum: 1976-1978p. 113
Deng Ascendantp. 116
The Legacy of Maop. 119
Political Realignment and Policy Readjustmentp. 120
The Tiananmen Demonstrations, 1989p. 129
The ˘Third Generation÷: China under Jiang Zeminp. 134
The Three Representsp. 135
Civic Organizationsp. 136
Changing Central-Local Relationshipsp. 136
The ˘Fourth Generation÷ in Powerp. 140
Conclusionsp. 145
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 147
The Politics of the Economyp. 148
Introductionp. 148
The Early Years: 1949-1950p. 149
The Socialist Transformation of Agriculture: 1949-1978p. 150
Industrial Policy in the Maoist Erap. 154
Maoist Economic Policies Assessedp. 156
Economic Policy under Deng Xiaopingp. 157
Agricultural Reformsp. 158
The Private Sectorp. 161
More Responsibility for State Enterprisesp. 162
Reforming the Price Systemp. 163
Reforming the Reformsp. 165
New Problems for Deng's Successorsp. 169
Future Concernsp. 173
Conclusionsp. 177
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 178
Crime and Punishment: The Legal System of the PRCp. 179
Less than Peaceful Coexistence of the Societal and Jural Models: 1949-1953p. 180
The Jural Model in Ascendance: 1954-1957p. 181
Resurgence of the Societal Model: 1957-1965p. 183
The Societal Model Rampant: 1966-1976p. 184
Law and Justice in the Post-Mao Era: Return to the Jural Modelp. 186
The New Legal Systemp. 187
Legal Developmentsp. 189
The Trial Processp. 190
Mediationp. 191
Petitionsp. 193
The Penal Systemp. 194
Conclusionsp. 202
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 203
The Role of the Militaryp. 204
Party and Armyp. 204
Assessing the Maoist Modelp. 207
The Influence of the Korean War on the PLAp. 208
The Revolt against Professionalismp. 210
Professionalism Returnsp. 215
The Effect of the June Fourth Incident on the PLAp. 220
The Military under Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintaop. 221
Conclusionsp. 227
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 228
Educationp. 229
Devising a Systemp. 229
The Drive for Egalitarianism and Return to Expertisep. 232
Redness Revisited: The Cultural Revolutionp. 233
Egalitarians versus Experts: The Search for a Synthesisp. 236
The Search for Academic Excellencep. 237
Conclusionsp. 249
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 252
Quality-of-Life Issues: Health, Demography, and the Environmentp. 253
Healthp. 253
Demographyp. 260
The Environmentp. 269
Conclusionsp. 274
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 275
Conformity and Dissent: The Arts, the Media, and Social Controlp. 276
Artist and Society in Chinap. 276
The Party, Art, and Social Protestp. 277
Post-1949 Control Mechanismsp. 278
Repression and Reactionp. 280
Culture and the Cultural Revolutionp. 282
The Arts under Deng Xiaopingp. 284
Restrained Dissentp. 284
Protest Gains Momentump. 285
Experimenting with Capitalism in the Artsp. 287
The Campaign Against Spiritual Pollutionp. 287
Looming Confrontationp. 288
The Tiananmen Demonstrations and Their Aftermathp. 289
Expression, Repression, and Social Controlp. 290
Conclusionsp. 296
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 297
Ethnic Minorities and National Integrationp. 298
China's Minority Peoplesp. 298
Ethnicity in Communist Ideologyp. 303
Minorities Policy in Practicep. 303
The Early Years: 1949-1957p. 303
The Great Leap Forward and Its Aftermath: 1959-1965p. 308
The Cultural Revolution: 1966-1971p. 311
Return to Pluralism: 1971-1977p. 312
Post-Mao Minorities Policyp. 313
Reform Produces Problemsp. 314
External Factorsp. 316
Repression Increasesp. 317
Genuine Autonomy as a Possible Solutionp. 322
Conclusionsp. 325
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 326
Foreign Policyp. 327
Determinantsp. 327
Traditionp. 327
Ideologyp. 329
Capabilitiesp. 330
Goalsp. 331
The Formulation of Foreign Policyp. 331
Chinese Foreign Relations: An Overviewp. 334
The ˘Lean to One Side÷ Policy: 1949-1954p. 334
The Bandung Spirit: 1954-1957p. 337
Resurgent Nationalism and Isolation: 1957-1969p. 339
Global Power Politics: 1969-Presentp. 343
Triangular Politics: 1969-1989p. 343
Counterbalancing the Sole Superpower: 1989-Presentp. 348
Post-9/11 Developmentsp. 350
Conclusionsp. 352
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 354
Conclusionsp. 355
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 366
Useful Websitesp. 367
Indexp. 368
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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