The Chinese Mind: Understanding Traditional Chinese Beliefs and Their Influence on Contemporary Culture

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-03-10
  • Publisher: Tuttle Pub
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Chinese culture is now evolving in the direction of Western cultures-especially popular American culture. More and more Chinese are giving preference to personal, people-oriented standards that are making their society less formalistic, less ritualistic, and less homogenous. But it is still Chinese!

Author Biography

Boye Lafayette De Mente is an acknowledged authority on Asia and the author of more than 30 books, including Etiquette Guide to China, Instant Chinese: How to Express 1,000 Different Ideas with Just 100 Key Words & Phrases and Survival Chinese: How to Communicate without Fuss or FearùInstantly.

Table of Contents

Notes on China
The Name of China in Chinesep. 11
Origin of the Name Chinap. 11
The Ethnic Makeup of Chinap. 12
The Administrative Makeup of Chinap. 12
The Chinese Languagep. 13
Writing Chinese in Roman Lettersp. 14
Pronunciation Guidep. 15
The Origin of Culturesp. 17
The Foundation of Chinese Culturep. 19
The Yin-Yang Principle in Chinese Culturep. 19
The Role of Language in Preserving & Transmitting Chinese Culturep. 23
The Role of Hanzi (Hahn-jee) in Chinese Culturep. 25
The Chinese Language under Assaultp. 28
The Essence of China's Traditional Culturep. 33
China's Vertical Societyp. 35
The Role of Situational Ethicsp. 38
The Preference for "Soft No's"p. 40
The Chinese Way of Viewing & Using Lawsp. 42
The Chinese Concept of Timep. 44
Emotional Intelligence vs. Rational Intelligencep. 45
The Chinese "What" vs. the Western "Why/Because"p. 48
The Imperative of Self-Sufficiencyp. 49
The Role of Formalityp. 51
The Food Mystiquep. 52
The Chinese Banquet Traditionp. 54
The Ongoing Role of Festivals in Chinap. 56
China's Three Most Important Festivalsp. 57
The Dragon Boat Racep. 58
The Mid-Autumn Festivalp. 59
Double Ninth Dayp. 59
The Lantern Festivalp. 59
The Chinese Lunar Calendarp. 60
Birthdays & Weddingsp. 62
Weddingsp. 63
Myths & Superstitions in Chinap. 63
The Feng-Shui Factorp. 65
China's Martial Arts Legacyp. 67
China's Theatrical Traditionsp. 69
The Art of Puppetryp. 71
The Cultural Role of Calligraphy In Chinese Culturep. 71
Literature in Chinese Culturep. 73
Contemporary Literaturep. 74
Religion in Today's Chinap. 76
Chinese Culture Todayp. 79
Fulfilling 5,000 Years of Suppressed Needs, Wants & Ambitionsp. 81
The "Get Rich is Glorious" Tipping Pointp. 82
"Big Brother" is Alive and Thrivingp. 84
The American Influence on Chinese Culturep. 85
The Influence of Computers and the Internet on Chinese Culturep. 86
The Second Cultural Revolutionp. 88
Looking Out for Number Onep. 89
The New-Age Entrepreneursp. 90
The New Romansp. 91
The New-Age Aristocratsp. 93
The New Women of Chinap. 93
The Influence of American Movies & Television on Chinese Culturep. 95
China's Sexual Revolutionp. 97
The Influence of the English Language on Chinese Culturep. 98
The Games Kids Playp. 100
The Influence of Foreign Musicp. 101
The Inroads of Western Entertainment in Chinap. 102
The Foreign Fast-Food Culture Invades Chinap. 103
The Shopping Scene in Today's Chinap. 105
Fashion Boutiquesp. 106
Foreign Supermarketsp. 106
The Impact of Foreign Sports on Chinese Culturep. 107
The Olympic Impactp. 108
The Influence of Foreign Celebrities on Chinese Culturep. 109
The Automobile Culture In Chinap. 110
Weddings & Marriage in Chinap. 112
Traditional Medicine in China Todayp. 114
The Marvel of Acupuncturep. 115
The Ongoing Importance of Traditional Musicp. 117
The Cultural Role of China's Traditional Gamesp. 118
The Ubiquitous Mahjongp. 119
Rehabilitation of China's Ancient Philosophersp. 121
Education in Chinap. 123
The Tourism Welcome Mat Helping to Save China's Traditional Culturep. 125
The Weather in Chinap. 127
Smoking in Chinap. 127
China's Gambling Culturep. 127
The New Look of China's Military Forcesp. 129
Key Words that Reveal the Chinese Way of Thinking & Behavingp. 131
Bao (Bah-oh) Trading Social Creditsp. 131
Bi (Bee) Unity the Chinese Wayp. 132
Budan Xin (Buu-dahn Sheen) Chinese Style Sincerityp. 133
Buhe Luoji De (Buu-hay Loo-oh-jee Duh) Look Out for Fuzzy Logic!p. 133
Buzhidao (Boo-jee-dah-oh) Avoiding Responsibility!p. 134
Cheng (Chuung) The Importance of Personal Loyaltyp. 136
Chou (Choh-ou) Criticism is Not Taken Lightly!p. 136
Daoqian (Dow-chee-inn) The Importance of the Apologyp. 138
De (Duh) The Saving Grace of Humanityp. 138
Di Sam Zhe (Dee Sahn Jay) The Importance of Third Partiesp. 139
Falu (Fah-luu) Laws in their Chinese Contextp. 141
Fuze Ren Yuan (Foo-tsuh Wren Yuu-enn) Finding the Responsible Personp. 141
Ganjin (Gahn-jeen) The New "Can Do" Chinesep. 142
Ge (Guh) Keeping Your Balance During Interesting Timesp. 143
Gongwei (Goong-way-ee) Beware the Flattery Ployp. 144
Guan (Goo-een)/Contemplating Things Deeplyp. 145
Guanxi (Gwahn-she) The Role of Personal Connectionsp. 146
Guei Mei (Gway-ee May) Staying Out of Troublep. 147
Guo Cui (Gwah T'sue-ee) The National Essence of the Chinesep. 148
Hanyu (Hahn-yuu) China's Secret Code Has Been Crackedp. 149
Hong (Hung) Looking at Things Holisticallyp. 151
Hou Men (Hoe-uu Mane) The Famous Back Doorp. 152
Jiaoliu (Jee-ah-oh-lew) The Role of Mystery in Communicatingp. 152
Jiaoshu Yuren (Jeeow-shuu Yuu-wren) The Chinese Approach to Learningp. 154
Kaolu Kaolu (Kow-luu Kow-luu) A Discreet Way of Saying Nop. 155
Liangshou Zhunbei (Lee-ing-show Juhn-bay) Two-Handed Preparationp. 156
Lunlixue (Loon-lee-shway) Policies Instead of Ethicsp. 156
Luoji (Luu-oh-jee) How the Chinese View the Worldp. 157
Mei You Ban Fa (May-ee Yoh-ou Bahn Fah) It's Not Going to Happen!p. 158
Mianzi (Me-inn-jee) Face Comes Firstp. 159
Mei You (May-ee Yoe-uu) There isn't Any of That!p. 160
Qing (Cheeng) Being Clear About Thingsp. 160
Qingke - Yanjiu Yanjiu (Cheen-kuh - Yahn-jew Yahn-jew) Wining and Dining Your Way to Successp. 161
Shangding (shahng-deeng) Keep on Negotiatingp. 162
Shehui Dengji (Shuu-whay Dung-jee) Social Status Still Countsp. 163
Sheng (Shung) Impressing Your Chinese Contactsp. 164
Shi (She) The Power of Knowledgep. 165
Shun (Shune) The "Soft Way" of the Chinesep. 166
Si; Ji (Suh; Jee) Principles of Successp. 167
Song (Sung) Knowing How to Avoid Conflictp. 168
Tai (Tie) When Harmony and Prosperity Prevailp. 169
Tai Ji Quan (Tie Jee Chuu-inn) The Great Fist of Healthp. 170
Wang Ming (Wahn Meeng) The Chinese Obsession to Achievep. 171
Wenhua (Win-whah) The Power of Chinese Culturep. 172
Wuwang (Wuu-wahng) The Importance of Innocencep. 173
Xiaoguo (She-ow-gwoh) Paying Attention to Detailsp. 173
Xin (Sheen) What You See May Not be What You Getp. 174
Xu (Shuu) The Art of Calculated Waitingp. 175
Yi (Eee)/Righteousness the Chinese Wayp. 176
Youyi (Yohh-ee) The Friendship Factor in Chinap. 177
Zhenchengde (Jun-chuung-duh) The Measure of Your Sincerityp. 178
Zhengti Guannian (Junng-tee Gwahn-nee-inn) More About the Chinese Way of Thinking Holisticallyp. 179
Zhenshi (June-she) Dealing with Circumstantial Truthp. 180
Zhongcheng (Johng-chung) Loyalty in Today's Chinap. 181
Zhong Fu (Chong Foo) The Pursuit of Insightp. 182
Zhongguo Tong (Johng-gwoh Tung) The Dangers of Being an Expertp. 183
Zhongjian-Ren (johng-jee-inn-Wren) The Very Helpful Go-Betweensp. 184
Zou Pengyou (T'su-oh Pung-yoh-ou) You Must Make Friends in Chinap. 185
Selected Bibliographyp. 187
Indexp. 189
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