Classroom Management for Elementary Teachers

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-01-01
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
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This book gives teachers the information and skills they need to establish management systems in today's rich, multicultural classroom, based on the authors' 30 years of research and experience in more than 500 classrooms. This best-selling book helps teachers plan, implement and develop the most basic classroom management task - to develop a smoothly running classroom that encourages learning. Written for the prospective or new elementary-level teacher, the book's content is ready to be applied in a classroom setting. The book addresses the planning decisions teachers must make including; arranging the physical space, establishing rules and procedures, planning and conducting instruction, encouraging appropriate behavior, addressing problem behavior, and using good communication skills with particular attention paid to the growth of ethnically diverse classrooms. All examples, checklists, case studies, and group activities are designed for the elementary level.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Organizing Your Classroom and Suppliesp. 1
Four Keys to Good Room Arrangementp. 3
Suggestions for Arranging Your Classroomp. 4
Wall and Ceiling Spacep. 4
Floor Spacep. 6
Storage Space and Suppliesp. 12
Further Readingp. 14
Suggested Activitiesp. 15
Room Preparationp. 17
Choosing Rules and Proceduresp. 18
Why All Kinds of Classrooms Need Rules and Proceduresp. 19
Preliminary Considerationsp. 20
Definition of Termsp. 20
Identifying School Rules and Proceduresp. 21
Planning Your Classroom Rulesp. 22
Student Participation in Rule Settingp. 23
Planning Classroom Proceduresp. 25
Procedures for Room Usep. 25
Procedures during Individual Work and Teacher-Led Activitiesp. 27
Transitions into and out of the Roomp. 29
Procedures during Teacher-Led Small-Group Instructionp. 30
Procedures during Cooperative Group Activitiesp. 32
General Proceduresp. 32
Further Readingp. 34
Suggested Activitiesp. 35
Classroom Procedures and Rules in a Second-Grade Classp. 36
Using Centers in a Multitask Classroomp. 37
Rules and Proceduresp. 38
Managing Student Workp. 40
Clear Communication of Assignments and Work Requirementsp. 42
Instructions for Assignmentsp. 43
Standards for Form, Neatness, and Due Datesp. 43
Procedures for Absent Studentsp. 44
Monitoring Progress on and Completion of Assignmentsp. 45
Monitoring Work in Progressp. 45
Monitoring the Completion of Assignmentsp. 46
Maintaining Records of Student Workp. 47
Managing Student Portfoliosp. 47
Managing the Paperworkp. 48
Feedback to Studentsp. 49
Further Readingp. 51
Suggested Activitiesp. 51
Managing Student Workp. 52
Keeping Students Involved during Center Activitiesp. 53
Using Technology in an Upper Elementary Gradep. 54
Poor Work and Study Habits in a Fourth-Grade Classp. 55
Accountability Proceduresp. 56
Getting Off to a Good Startp. 58
Teaching Rules and Proceduresp. 59
Planning for a Good Beginningp. 61
Planning for the First Days of Schoolp. 62
Some Typical Activitiesp. 62
Communicating with Parentsp. 67
Special Problemsp. 68
Preparing for a Substitutep. 71
Further Readingp. 72
Suggested Activitiesp. 73
Beginning the Year in a Literature-Based Primary Classroomp. 73
Beginning the Year in a Sixth-Grade Math Class Using Cooperative Learningp. 80
Preparation for the Beginning of Schoolp. 85
Planning and Conducting Instructionp. 87
Planning Instructional Activitiesp. 88
Types of Planningp. 89
Types of Instructional Activitiesp. 89
Arranging Activities within a Lessonp. 94
Planning for Clear Instructionp. 95
Technology in the Classroomp. 97
Kounin's Concepts for Managing Whole-Group Instructionp. 98
Preventing Misbehaviorp. 100
Managing Movementp. 101
Maintaining Group Focusp. 101
Common Problems in Conducting Instructionp. 103
Transitionsp. 103
Clarityp. 105
Further Readingp. 105
Suggested Activitiesp. 106
p. 106
p. 107
p. 107
p. 107
A Science Lesson in a Sixth-Grade Classp. 108
Planning for Instructionp. 109
Managing Cooperative Learning Groupsp. 111
Research on Cooperative Learningp. 112
Examples of Group Activitiesp. 113
Strategies and Routines That Support Cooperative Learningp. 114
Room Arrangementp. 114
Talk and Movement Proceduresp. 115
Group Attention Signalsp. 116
Promoting Interdependence within the Groupp. 117
Individual Accountabilityp. 118
Monitoring Student Work and Behaviorp. 119
Interventions for Groupsp. 120
Effective Group Work Skillsp. 121
Social Skillsp. 121
Explaining Skillsp. 122
Leadership Skillsp. 122
Beginning the Use of Cooperative Learning Groupsp. 123
Room Arrangementp. 123
Procedures and Routinesp. 123
Forming Groupsp. 124
Initial Group Tasksp. 125
Teaching Group Skillsp. 126
Student Goals and Participationp. 127
Using Group and Individual Rewardsp. 128
Further Readingp. 128
Suggested Activitiesp. 129
Planning for Cooperative Group Instructionp. 130
Maintaining Appropriate Student Behaviorp. 131
Monitoring Student Behaviorp. 133
Consistencyp. 135
Management of Inappropriate Behaviorp. 136
Four Ways to Manage Inappropriate Behaviorp. 137
Building a Positive Climatep. 137
Improving Class Climate through Incentives and Rewardsp. 139
Recognitionp. 140
Activitiesp. 140
Symbolsp. 141
Material Incentivesp. 142
Caution in the Use of Rewardsp. 143
Further Readingp. 144
Suggested Activitiesp. 145
Misbehavior in a Third-Grade Classp. 147
Communication Skills for Teachingp. 149
Constructive Assertivenessp. 152
Stating the Problem or Concernp. 153
Body Languagep. 153
Obtaining Appropriate Behaviorp. 154
Empathic Respondingp. 154
Listening Skillsp. 156
Processing Skillsp. 156
Problem Solvingp. 158
Talking with Parentsp. 162
Further Readingp. 163
Suggested Activitiesp. 163
Developing Assertiveness Skillsp. 163
Recognizing Listening Responsesp. 164
Producing Empathic Responsesp. 165
Problem-Solving Exercisesp. 166
Dialogue Analysisp. 167
Vignettesp. 167
Bradp. 167
Alice and Aliciap. 168
Terrencep. 169
Assertiveness Assessment Scalesp. 170
Managing Problem Behaviorsp. 172
What Is Problem Behavior?p. 174
Nonproblemp. 174
Minor Problemp. 174
Major Problem but Limited in Scope and Effectsp. 174
Escalating or Spreading Problemp. 174
Goals for Managing Problem Behaviorp. 175
Management Strategiesp. 175
Minor Interventionsp. 177
Moderate Interventionsp. 179
More Extensive Interventionsp. 181
Special Problemsp. 187
Tattlingp. 188
Rudeness toward the Teacherp. 189
Chronic Avoidance of Workp. 190
Fightingp. 191
Other Aggressive Behaviorp. 192
Defiance or Hostility toward the Teacherp. 192
A Final Reminder: Think and Act Positivelyp. 193
Further Readingp. 194
Suggested Activitiesp. 195
Managing Special Groupsp. 196
Assessing Entering Achievementp. 197
Identifying Special Groupsp. 198
Strategies for Individual Differencesp. 198
Team Teachingp. 198
Modifying Whole-Class Instructionp. 200
Supplementary Instructionp. 201
Individualized Instructionp. 205
Additional Strategiesp. 208
Working with Special Needs Studentsp. 209
Students with Learning Disabilitiesp. 210
Students with Emotional or Behavioral Problemsp. 210
Students with Serious Social Deficits (Asperger's Syndrome)p. 212
Students with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivityp. 213
Students Who Are Deaf or Hearing Impairedp. 214
Students Who Have Visual Impairmentsp. 215
Students with Limited English Proficiencyp. 216
Students Living in Extreme Povertyp. 218
Teaching Lower-Achieving Studentsp. 219
Active Instructionp. 219
Organizing and Pacing Instructionp. 220
Remedial Instructionp. 220
Building Positive Attitudesp. 221
Teaching Higher-Achieving Studentsp. 222
Further Readingp. 223
Suggested Activitiesp. 223
Organizing Reading Instruction for Low Academic Level Studentsp. 224
Supporting Students with Auditory Disabilities in the Classroomp. 225
Teaching Students in a Third-Grade Inclusion Classp. 226
Team Teachingp. 227
A Heterogeneous Classp. 227
Answer Keys for Chapter Activitiesp. 228
References and Further Readingsp. 238
Indexp. 243
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