The Clean Water Act 20 Years Later

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1993-10-01
  • Publisher: Island Pr

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Supplemental Materials

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Enacted over two decades ago, the Clean Water Act was intended to "restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Nation's waters." Responsibility for implementing the Act has fallen on EPA, several interstate agencies, the fifty states, and thousands of local governments. How can the success of such a wide-ranging statute be judged?
The authors explore the many and varied issues associated with the complex subject of water quality protection in this assessment of the successes and failures of the Clean Water Act over the past twenty years. In addition to examining traditional indicators of water quality, the authors consider how health concerns of the public have been addressed and present a detailed look at the ecological health of our waters. Taken together, these measures present a far more complete and balanced picture than raw water quality data alone.
As well as reviewing past effectiveness, the book includes specific recommendations for the reauthorization of the Act. This balanced and insightful account will surely shape the debate among legislative and policy experts and citizen activists at all levels who are concerned with issues of water quality.

Table of Contents

Preface: Why a Book on the Clean Water Act?
A Clean Water Retrospectivep. 1
The Need for Clean Waterp. 5
The Impetus for the Clean Water Actp. 5
The Vision of the Clean Water Actp. 6
The Need to Meet the 1972 Goalsp. 10
The State of Our Waters Twenty Years Laterp. 13
Traditional Measures of Pollution and Water Qualityp. 14
Human Health Still Threatenedp. 29
Aquatic Species and Ecosystems in Jeopardyp. 58
The Economics of Clean Waterp. 87
Economic Values of Water Resourcesp. 88
Economic Losses Due to Water Resource Degradationp. 96
Paying for Water Resource Protectionp. 108
Assessing Clean Water Act Programsp. 117
The Need for Improved Standards, Monitoring, and Communicationp. 119
Water Quality Standardsp. 119
Inadequate Monitoring and Public Informationp. 129
The Elusive Zero Discharge Goalp. 137
Regulatory Structure for Industry and Sewage Treatment Plantsp. 137
National Treatment Standards Limited and Outdatedp. 138
Permit Program Deficienciesp. 150
Enforcement Deficienciesp. 166
Virtually Nonexistent Poison Runoff Controlsp. 171
A Primer on Poison Runoffp. 172
Runoff Mandates Abandoned or Poorly Implementedp. 183
Increased Emphasis on Runoff Programs in 1987p. 185
The New Coastal Runoff Program - Promising but Limited in Scopep. 191
Protection for Aquatic Resources and Ecosystemsp. 199
State Antidegradation Programsp. 200
State Water Quality Certificationp. 203
Efforts to Protect Waters from Dredging and Fillingp. 205
Programs to Protect Lakes, Estuaries, Ocean Waters, and Riversp. 216
A National Agenda for Clean Waterp. 227
Honing Our Informational Toolsp. 228
Closing the Gaps for Point Sourcesp. 232
Preventing Polluted Runoffp. 241
Protecting Aquatic Ecosystems and Watershedsp. 242
Funding Programs Adequately and Equitablyp. 254
Notesp. 259
Acronymsp. 307
Indexp. 311
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

Supplemental Materials

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The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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