Cliffs AP Biology, 3rd Edition

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-07-23
  • Publisher: Wiley
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Your complete guide to a higher score on the AP Biology exam. Included in book: A review of the AP exam format and scoring, proven strategies for answering multiple-choice questions, and hints for tackling the essay questions. A list of 14 specific must-know principles are covered. Includes sample questions and answers for each subject Laboratory Review includes a focused review of all 12 AP laboratory exercises. AP Biology Practice Tests features 2 full-length practice tests that simulate the actual test along with answers and complete explanations. AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

Author Biography

Phillip E. Pack, Ph.D., has taught AP Biology and gifted programs for more than 15 years. He is an Assistant Professor of Math and Science at Woodbury University in Burbank, California.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
How You Should Use This Bookp. 1
What to Bring to the Examp. 2
Exam Formatp. 2
Exam Gradingp. 2
What's on the Examp. 3
Hints for Taking the Multiple-Choice Sectionp. 4
Hints for Taking the Essay Sectionp. 4
Must-Know Essay Questionsp. 6
Some Final Suggestionsp. 7
Subject Area Reviews with Sample Questions and Answers
Chemistryp. 11
Reviewp. 11
Atoms, Molecules, Ions, and Bondsp. 11
Properties of Waterp. 12
Organic Moleculesp. 13
Carbohydratesp. 14
Lipidsp. 16
Proteinsp. 17
Nucleic Acidsp. 20
Chemical Reactions in Metabolic Processesp. 22
Sample Questions and Answersp. 25
Cellsp. 33
Reviewp. 33
Structure and Function of the Cellp. 33
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotesp. 38
Movement of Substancesp. 38
Sample Questions and Answersp. 40
Cellular Respirationp. 45
Reviewp. 45
Glycolysisp. 45
The Krebs Cyclep. 45
Oxidative Phosphorylationp. 46
How Many ATP?p. 47
Mitochondriap. 47
Chemiosmosis in Mitochondriap. 48
Two Types of Phosphorylationp. 49
Anaerobic Respirationp. 49
Alcohol Fermentationp. 49
Lactic Acid Fermentationp. 50
Sample Questions and Answersp. 51
Photosynthesisp. 57
Reviewp. 57
Noncyclic Photophosphorylationp. 57
Cyclic Photophosphorylationp. 59
Calvin Cyclep. 59
Chloroplastsp. 60
Chemiosmosis in Chloroplastsp. 60
Photorespirationp. 61
C[subscript 4] Photosynthesisp. 62
CAM Photosynthesisp. 62
Sample Questions and Answersp. 64
Cell Divisionp. 73
Reviewp. 73
Mitosis and Cytokinesisp. 74
Meiosisp. 76
Mitosis versus Meiosisp. 78
Genetic Variationp. 80
Regulation of the Cell Cyclep. 80
Sample Questions and Answersp. 82
Heredityp. 89
Reviewp. 89
Complete Dominance, Monohybrid Crossp. 90
Complete Dominance, Dihybrid Crossp. 92
Test Crossesp. 93
Incomplete Dominancep. 94
Codominancep. 94
Multiple Allelesp. 94
Epistasisp. 95
Pleiotropyp. 95
Polygenic Inheritancep. 95
Linked Genesp. 95
Sex-Linked Inheritancep. 97
X-Inactivationp. 97
Nondisjunctionp. 98
Human Genetic Defectsp. 98
Sample Questions and Answersp. 99
Molecular Geneticsp. 107
Reviewp. 107
DNA Replicationp. 107
Replication of Telomeresp. 109
Protein Synthesisp. 111
Transcriptionp. 112
mRNA Processingp. 113
Translationp. 114
Mutationsp. 116
DNA Organizationp. 116
The Molecular Genetics of Virusesp. 117
The Molecular Genetics of Bacteriap. 117
Regulation of Gene Expressionp. 118
Recombinant DNAp. 119
Sample Questions and Answersp. 121
Evolutionp. 129
Reviewp. 129
Evidence for Evolutionp. 129
Natural Selectionp. 130
Sources of Variationp. 132
Causes of Changes in Allele Frequenciesp. 134
Genetic Equilibriump. 134
Speciationp. 135
Maintaining Reproductive Isolationp. 137
Patterns of Evolutionp. 137
Macroevolutionp. 138
The Origin of Lifep. 139
Sample Questions and Answersp. 141
Biological Diversityp. 149
Reviewp. 149
Domain Archaeap. 150
Domain Bacteriap. 150
Domain Eukaryap. 151
Kingdom Protistap. 151
Kingdom Fungip. 153
Kingdom Plantaep. 154
Kingdom Animaliap. 157
Sample Questions and Answersp. 161
Plantsp. 167
Reviewp. 167
Plant Tissuesp. 167
The Seedp. 168
Germination and Developmentp. 168
Primary Growth Versus Secondary Growthp. 169
Primary Structure of Rootsp. 169
Primary Structure of Stemsp. 171
Secondary Structure of Stems and Rootsp. 172
Structure of the Leafp. 173
Transport of Waterp. 174
Control of Stomatap. 174
Transport of Sugarsp. 175
Plant Hormonesp. 176
Plant Responses to Stimulip. 176
Photoperiodismp. 177
Sample Questions and Answersp. 179
Animal Form and Functionp. 185
Reviewp. 185
Thermoregulationp. 185
The Respiratory Systemp. 186
The Circulatory Systemp. 187
The Excretory Systemp. 189
The Digestive Systemp. 192
The Nervous Systemp. 194
The Muscular Systemp. 196
The Immune Systemp. 198
The Endocrine Systemp. 201
Sample Questions and Answersp. 203
Animal Reproduction and Developmentp. 211
Reviewp. 211
Characteristics That Distinguish the Sexesp. 211
Human Reproductive Anatomyp. 211
Gametogenesis in Humansp. 212
Hormonal Control of Human Reproductionp. 212
Embryonic Developmentp. 214
Factors That Influence Developmentp. 217
Sample Questions and Answersp. 218
Animal Behaviorp. 225
Reviewp. 225
Genetic Basis of Behaviorp. 225
Kinds of Animal Behaviorp. 225
Animal Movementp. 227
Communication in Animalsp. 227
Foraging Behaviorsp. 228
Social Behaviorp. 228
Sample Questions and Answersp. 230
Ecologyp. 235
Reviewp. 235
Population Ecologyp. 235
Human Population Growthp. 240
Community Ecologyp. 240
Coevolutionp. 241
Ecological Successionp. 242
Ecosystemsp. 244
Biogeochemical Cyclesp. 245
Biomesp. 246
Human Impact on the Biospherep. 246
Sample Questions and Answersp. 248
Laboratory Review
Laboratory Reviewp. 257
Reviewp. 257
Graphing Datap. 257
Designing an Experimentp. 258
Diffusion and Osmosisp. 259
Enzyme Catalysisp. 260
Mitosis and Meiosisp. 261
Plant Pigments and Photosynthesisp. 262
Cell Respirationp. 264
Molecular Biologyp. 265
Genetics of Drosophilap. 267
Population Genetics and Evolutionp. 269
Transpirationp. 270
Physiology of the Circulatory Systemp. 272
Animal Behaviorp. 273
Dissolved Oxygen and Aquatic Primary Productivityp. 274
Sample Questions and Answersp. 276
AP Biology Practice Tests
p. 291
(Multiple-Choice Questions)p. 291
(Free-Response Questions)p. 306
Answer Key for Practice Test 1p. 308
Scoring Your Practice Testp. 309
Answers and Explanations for Practice Test 1p. 310
p. 323
(Multiple-Choice Questions)p. 323
(Free-Response Questions)p. 337
Answer Key for Practice Test 2p. 340
Scoring Your Practice Testp. 341
Answers and Explanations for Practice Test 2p. 342
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


The bestselling *AP Biology study guide-now updated to reflect changes in the testOver 120,000 high school students take the AP Biology exam each year. This new edition of the bestselling guide features an additional practice test to give students more experience and build their skills and confidence. The practice tests include answers and explanations to help students pinpoint areas for further study. With reviews and exercises addressing all of the test topics plus proven test-taking strategies for both the multiple choice and essay parts of the test, this guide helps students get a higher score. When the pressure's on, students know Cliffs is the answer.Phillip E. Pack, PhD (Altadena, CA) has taught AP Biology and gifted programs for over 15 years. He is an assistant professor of math and science at Woodbury University in Burbank, California.

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