The Cloud Adoption Playbook

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2018-04-03
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


The essential roadmaps for enterprise cloud adoption

As cloud technologies continue to challenge the fundamental understanding of how businesses work, smart companies are moving quickly to adapt to a changing set of rules. Adopting the cloud requires a clear roadmap backed by use cases, grounded in practical real-world experience, to show the routes to successful adoption. The Cloud Adoption Playbook helps business and technology leaders in enterprise organizations sort through the options and make the best choices for accelerating cloud adoption and digital transformation.

Written by a team of IBM technical executives with a wealth of real-world client experience, this book cuts through the hype, answers your questions, and helps you tailor your cloud adoption and digital transformation journey to the needs of your organization.  This book will help you:

  • Discover how the cloud can fulfill major business needs
  • Adopt a standardized Cloud Adoption Framework and understand the key dimensions of cloud adoption and digital transformation
  • Learn how cloud adoption impacts culture, architecture, security, and more
  • Understand the roles of governance, methodology, and how the cloud impacts key players in your organization.

Providing a collection of winning plays, championship advice, and real-world examples of successful adoption, this playbook is your ultimate resource for making the cloud work. There has never been a better time to adopt the cloud. Cloud solutions are more numerous and accessible than ever before, and evolving technology is making the cloud more reliable, more secure, and more necessary than ever before. Don’t let your organization be left behind! The Cloud Adoption Playbook gives you the essential guidance you need to make the smart choices that reduce your organizational risk and accelerate your cloud adoption and digital transformation.

Author Biography

Moe Abdula is a seasoned technology executive, leading the IBM Cloud Garage and IBM Cloud Architecture and Solution Engineering practice. Ingo Averdunk is an IBM Distinguished Engineer responsible for Cloud Service Management and Site Reliability Engineering with IBM Cloud Architectures and Solution Engineering. Roland Barcia is an IBM Distinguished Engineer and CTO for Microservices for IBM Cloud Architectures and Solution Engineering. Kyle Brown is an IBM Distinguished Engineer and the CTO of Cloud Architectures for IBM Cloud Architectures and Solution Engineering. Ndu Emuchay is an IBM Distinguished Engineer and the CTO for Cloud Adoption for IBM Cloud Architectures and Solution Engineering.

Table of Contents

Foreword xxi

Introduction xxiii

1 Business Drivers 1

Addressing Challenges for the Enterprise 1

What Drives a Business to the Cloud? 3

What Do You Gain from Cloud? 5

Implications to the Enterprise 7

Summary 9

2 Framework Overview 11

The Framework 13

Key dimensions of cloud adoption 15

Steps in the adoption journey 16

Ten Key Actions of the Framework 17

1. Involve the right people 17

2. Achieve business and technology alignment 18

3. Take a holistic approach across dimensions 19

4. Assume an outside-in, client-centered approach 20

5. Open the aperture to new possibilities 20

6. Show progress and quick wins 21

7. Collaborate actively 23

8. Balance sustained and disruptive innovation 23

9. Establish success criteria 24

10. Account for a multicloud hybrid model 24

Summary 25

3 Strategy 27

What Does a Cloud Strategy Mean for the CIO? 28

What Do We Really Mean by “Strategy”? 28

Developing a Cloud Strategy 30

What Are the Complete Dimensions of a Cloud Strategy? 31

What Key Considerations Should a Cloud Strategy Address? 34

Service types 35

Deployment models 36

Roles 37

Controls 39

Vendor relationships 41

What Prescriptive Steps Are Required to Develop a Cloud Strategy? 44

Step 1: Define business objectives and constraints 44

Step 2: Complete analysis of your workload portfolio 46

Step 3: Envision your future state and analyze your current state 48

Step 4: Assess your organization’s readiness 50

Step 5: Build an execution framework with defined strategic milestones 52

Step 6: Define proven approaches best suited to your organization 53

Summary 55

4 Culture and Organization 57

What Does the Cloud Mean for Human Resources? 57

What Do We Really Mean by “Culture”? 58

What cultural elements make cloud adoption easier or harder? 59

Talent and flexibility 69

Basic Squad Organization 71

SRE model and squads 73

Tribes and guilds 74

Cultural elements of the squad model 75

Advantages of a COC 77

What are the goals of a COC? 78

Life cycle of a COC 78

When a COC is not the right approach 79

Summary 81

5 Architecture and Technology 83

What Does Cloud Adoption Mean for Enterprise Architects? 83

Role of Enterprise Architects in Cloud Adoption 85

Workload assessment 85

Reference architectures 90

Example Microservices Reference Architecture 94

Style introduction 94

An example reference architecture 95

Reference Implementations 100

DevOps implementation 103

Resiliency patterns 104

Security 104

Management 105

Summary 105

6 Security and Compliance 107

What Does the Cloud Mean to the CISO? 107

Will My People, Processes, Tools, and Approaches Change? 108

How Is Cloud Adoption Affected by Compliance Issues? 111

How Do I Protect Against Data Breaches and Loss? 113

Key management 113

Certificate management 114

Data integrity 115

How Do I Protect Against Networking Vulnerabilities? 116

Cloud-hosted firewalls 116

Intrusion prevention systems 117

Distributed denial of service 117

Microsegmentation 118

What Does a Secure Cloud-Native System Look Like? 118

Identity and Access Management for Applications 120

Authentication 120

Multifactor authentication 121

Directory services 121

Reporting 121

Implementing identity and access for cloud-native applications 122

Secure DevOps 123

Dynamic analysis 124

Static analysis 124

How Do I Get Visibility to My Cloud Applications? 125

Summary 125

7 Emerging Innovation Spaces 127

Innovation as a Business Driver 127

Examples of Innovation 128

Data and analytics 128

Blockchain 130

Containers 132

IoT 134

Cognitive 135

Summary 136

8 Methodology 137

What Does the Cloud Mean for the VP of the VP of Method & and Tools? 137

Introducing the IBM Cloud Garage Method 138

Culture 139

Think 139

Code 140

Deliver 140

Run 141

Manage 141

Learn 142

Connections between Cloud and Agile 142

Lean Startup and Lean Development 144

Why Design Thinking Is the Missing Link 145

Starting a Project with the IBM Cloud Garage Method 146

Wrapping Up the Workshop 150

Our Approach to Project Inception 150

Starting Development 151

The Role of Technology Choices 154

Expanding to Deliver the MVP 154

The Role of Testing in the Squad Model 156

Customer Example 156

Summary 158

9 Service Management and Operations 159

What Does Cloud Mean for the VP of Operations? 159

Operational Transformation 160

Organizational changes 161

Process changes 164

Technology changes 165

Cultural changes 169

New Roles 171

Roles and responsibilities 171

Organizational alignment 173

Operational Readiness 178

Operationalizing the cloud 178

Operationalizing application readiness 180

Incident Management 182

Designing resilient applications for the cloud 182

Taking a fresh approach to incident management 183

Event management 184

Runbooks 185

Log management 187

Dashboards 187

Ticketing 188

Root-Cause Analysis and Postmortems 190

Root-cause analysis 190

Postmortem 192

Deployment, Release Management, and Change Management 194

Deployment 194

Release management 197

Change management 198

Configuration Management 199

Configuration items and relationships 200


Discovery 201

Summary 202

10 Governance 203

Cloud Challenges 203

Regulatory requirements 204

Sourcing and standardization issues 204

Threats to security and reputation 205

Aspects of a Governance Model 206

Defining a Governance Model 207

Considerations for your governance model 208

Cloud center of competence 209

Chapters and guilds 211

Summary 213

Conclusion 215

Notes 219

Index 223

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