Community Health Nursing Promoting and Protecting the Public's Health

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-06-23
  • Publisher: LWW
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This comprehensive text provides unique coverage of vulnerable aggregate populations while using the levels of prevention approach. This edition will focus more on public health including health promotion and protection, increase the nursing application content, and cover the evolving issues of disaster nursing. New features include Using the Nursing Process and "Stop & Think" boxes. Also new to this edition are more discussion on the urban client and a new chapter on clients with disabilities/chronic illness. The Connection Website will provide new case studies and assessment tools. The ancillary package will include an Instructor's Resource CD-ROM with test generator, Powerpoint slides, and Instructor's Manual.

Table of Contents

Foundations of Community Health Nursing
Opportunities and Challenges of Community Health Nursingp. 3
Community Healthp. 4
The Concept of Communityp. 6
The Concept of Healthp. 8
Components of Community Health Practicep. 12
Characteristics of Community Health Nursingp. 18
Summaryp. 22
Evolution of Community Health Nursingp. 26
Historical Development of Community Health Nursingp. 27
Societal Influences on the Development of Community Health Nursingp. 36
Preparation for Community Health Nursingp. 40
Summaryp. 41
Roles and Settings for Community Health Nursing Practicep. 44
Core Public Health Functionsp. 45
Roles of Community Health Nursesp. 46
Settings for Community Health Nursing Practicep. 55
Summaryp. 59
Transcultural Nursing in the Communityp. 63
The Meaning of Culturep. 64
Characteristics of Culturep. 67
Ethnocultural Health Care Practicesp. 70
Selected Cultural Communitiesp. 74
Transcultural Community Health Nursing Principlesp. 83
Summaryp. 88
Values and Ethics in Community Health Nursingp. 92
Valuesp. 93
Ethicsp. 97
Summaryp. 104
Structure and Function of Community Health Servicesp. 107
Historical Influences on Health Carep. 108
Health Care System Development in the United Statesp. 109
Health Organizations in the United Statesp. 112
International Health Organizationsp. 118
Significant Legislationp. 121
Implications for Community Health Nursingp. 126
Summaryp. 126
Economics of Health Carep. 129
Economic Theories and Conceptsp. 130
Sources of Health Care Financing: Public and Privatep. 131
Trends and Issues Influencing Health Care Economicsp. 136
Health Care Reform Possibilitiesp. 141
Effects of Health Economics on Community Health Practicep. 145
Summaryp. 147
Public Health Principles in Community Health Nursing
Epidemiology in Community Health Carep. 153
Historical Roots of Epidemiologyp. 154
Concepts Basic to Epidemiologyp. 156
Sources of Information for Epidemiologic Studyp. 165
Methods in the Epidemiologic Investigative Processp. 168
Conducting Epidemiologic Researchp. 173
Summaryp. 175
Communicable Disease Controlp. 178
Basic Concepts Regarding Communicable Diseasesp. 179
Primary Preventionp. 184
Secondary Preventionp. 193
Major Communicable Diseases in the United Statesp. 195
Global Issues in Communicable Disease Controlp. 215
Using the Nursing Process for Communicable Disease Controlp. 217
Ethical Issues in Communicable Disease Controlp. 218
Summaryp. 220
Environmental Health and Safetyp. 226
Concepts and Theories Central to Environmental Healthp. 227
Evolution of Environmental Healthp. 230
Major Global Environmental Concernsp. 231
Strategies for Nursing Action in Environmental Healthp. 257
Summaryp. 257
Tools of Community Health Nursing
Communication, Collaboration, and Contractingp. 265
Communication in Community Health Nursingp. 266
Collaboration and Partnerships in Community Health Nursingp. 271
Contracting in Community Health Nursingp. 274
Summaryp. 279
Health Promotion Through Education: Theories, Models, and Toolsp. 282
Domains of Learningp. 284
Learning Theoriesp. 287
Health Teaching Modelsp. 290
Teaching at Three Levels of Preventionp. 292
Effective Teachingp. 293
Summaryp. 302
The Community Health Nurse as Leader, Change Agent, and Case Managerp. 305
What Is Leadership?p. 306
Leadership Theoriesp. 307
Leadership Stylesp. 309
Leadership Functionsp. 310
Power and Leadershipp. 312
The Nature of Changep. 314
Planned/Managed Changep. 316
Case Management in Community Health Nursingp. 323
Leadership Roles of Community Health Nursesp. 323
Summaryp. 325
Research in Community Health Nursingp. 329
Quantitative and Qualitative Researchp. 330
Steps in the Research Processp. 331
Impact of Research on Community Health and Nursing Practicep. 340
The Community Health Nurse's Role in Researchp. 342
Summaryp. 343
Quality Measurement and Improvement in Community Health Nursingp. 347
Terminology of Quality Improvement and Managementp. 348
Factors Affecting Quality Measurement and Improvementp. 348
Models for Quality Management and Improvementp. 351
Quality Measurement and Improvement Techniquesp. 354
Quality Measurement and Improvement in Community Health Nursingp. 359
Summaryp. 363
Policy Making and Community Health Advocacyp. 367
Policy Makingp. 368
Community Health Advocacyp. 377
The Legislative Process and Influencing Legislationp. 379
Summaryp. 385
Community as Client
Theoretical Basis of Community Health Nursingp. 391
When the Client Is a Community: Characteristics of Community Health Nursing Practicep. 392
Theories and Models for Community Health Nursing Practicep. 393
Tenets of Public Health Nursing Applied to Community Health Nursingp. 396
Societal Influences on Community-Oriented, Population-Focused Nursingp. 399
Summaryp. 402
The Community as Client: Assessment and Diagnosisp. 405
Factors Opposed to the Concept of Communityp. 406
Dimensions of the Community as Clientp. 407
Community Dynamicsp. 413
Types of Community Needs Assessmentp. 416
Community Assessment Methodsp. 418
Sources of Community Datap. 419
Data Analysis and Diagnosisp. 422
What Is a Healthy Community?p. 424
Summaryp. 425
Planning, Intervention, and Evaluation of Health Care in Communitiesp. 428
Nursing Process Components Applied to Community as Clientp. 429
Planning to Meet the Health Needs in the Communityp. 431
Implementing Plans for Promoting the Health of Aggregates in the Communityp. 434
Evaluating Implemented Aggregate Health Plansp. 436
Nursing Process Characteristics Applied to Community as Clientp. 439
The Community Health Nurse as Catalyst for Community Developmentp. 440
Summaryp. 442
Communities in Crisis: Disasters, Group Violence, and Terrorismp. 445
Disastersp. 446
Group Violencep. 457
Terrorismp. 462
Summaryp. 465
The Global Community: International Health Concernsp. 468
International Health Care Systemsp. 469
Global Health Agenciesp. 470
Health for All: A Primary Health Care Initiativep. 473
Global Health Concernsp. 475
The Role of Nurses in Global Healthp. 485
Summaryp. 486
The Family as Client
Theoretical Bases for Promoting Family Healthp. 495
Universal Characteristics of Familiesp. 497
Attributes of Families as Social Systemsp. 497
Family Culturep. 500
Family Structuresp. 501
Family Functionsp. 506
Family Life Cyclep. 508
Emerging Family Patternsp. 509
Summaryp. 512
Assessment of Familiesp. 515
Effects of Family Health on Individuals and Communitiesp. 516
Characteristics of Healthy Familiesp. 517
Family Health Practice Guidelinesp. 521
Family Health Assessmentp. 524
Guidelines for Family Health Assessmentp. 532
Summaryp. 536
Planning, Intervening, and Evaluating Health Care for Familiesp. 539
Nursing Process Components Applied to Families as Clientsp. 540
Planning to Meet the Health Needs of Families During Home Visitsp. 542
Implementing Plans for Promoting the Health of Familiesp. 547
Evaluating Implemented Family Health Plansp. 551
Summaryp. 553
Families in Crisis: Facing Violence from Within and Outside the Familyp. 556
Dynamics and Characteristics of a Crisisp. 557
History of Family Violencep. 560
Family Violence Against Childrenp. 562
Partner/Spousal Violencep. 568
Mistreatment of Eldersp. 572
Other Forms of Family Violencep. 573
Levels of Prevention: Crisis Intervention and Family Violencep. 574
Families Facing Violence From Outside the Familyp. 578
Methods of Interventionp. 578
Role of the Community Health Nurse in Caring for Families in Crisisp. 580
Summaryp. 583
Promoting and Protecting the Health of Aggregates With Developmental Needs
Maternal, Prenatal, and Newborn Populationsp. 595
Health Status and Needs of Pregnant Women and Infantsp. 596
Planning for the Health of Maternal-Infant Populationsp. 610
Health Programs for Maternal-Infant Populationsp. 610
Summaryp. 618
Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolersp. 622
Global View of Infant, Toddler, and Preschool Healthp. 623
Health Problems of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolersp. 625
Health Services for Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolersp. 631
Role of the Community Health Nursep. 638
Summaryp. 638
School-Age Children and Adolescentsp. 642
Health Problems of School-Age Childrenp. 643
Health Problems of Adolescentsp. 652
Health Services for School-Age Children and Adolescentsp. 656
Role of the School Nursep. 662
Summaryp. 668
Adult Women, Men, and Occupational Healthp. 677
Women's Healthp. 678
Healthy People 2010 Goals for Womenp. 686
Role of the Community Health Nursep. 687
Men's Healthp. 688
Healthy People 2010 Goals for Menp. 693
Role of the Community Health Nursep. 693
Demographics of Adult Clients--Male and Femalep. 694
Life Expectancyp. 694
Major Health Problems of Adultsp. 695
Evolution of Occupational Healthp. 696
Environmental Work Factorsp. 699
Work-Related Health Problemsp. 702
Occupational Health Programsp. 703
Role of the Occupational and Environmental Health Nursep. 706
Summaryp. 710
Older Adults: Aging in Placep. 713
Health Status of Older Adultsp. 714
Dispelling Ageismp. 716
Health Needs of Older Adultsp. 719
Approaches to Older Adult Carep. 731
Health Services for Older Adult Populationsp. 731
The Community Health Nurse in an Aging Americap. 735
Summaryp. 736
Promoting and Protecting the Health of Vulnerable Aggregates
Rural Health Carep. 743
Definitions and Demographicsp. 744
Population Characteristicsp. 745
Rural Populations at Riskp. 747
Rural Health Issuesp. 751
Rural Community Health Nursingp. 755
Summaryp. 758
Urban Health Care, Poverty, and Homelessnessp. 761
History of Urban Health Care Issuesp. 762
Urban Health Disparityp. 762
Social Justice and the Community Health Nursep. 763
Who Are the Poor?p. 763
Politics and Ethics of Povertyp. 767
Health Effects of Povertyp. 769
Homelessness in Americap. 772
Global Poverty: The Developing Nationsp. 774
Role of the Community Health Nursep. 775
Summaryp. 779
Migrant Families and Seasonal Workersp. 783
Migrant Farmworkers: Profile of a Nomadic Aggregatep. 784
Health Risks of Migrant Workers and Their Familiesp. 788
Common Health Problemsp. 792
Barriers to Health Carep. 798
The Role of Community Health Nurses in Caring for a Mobile Workforcep. 800
Summaryp. 805
Clients With Disabilities and Chronic Illnessesp. 809
Perspectives on Disability, Chronic Illness, and Healthp. 811
Civil Rights Legislationp. 815
Organizations Serving the Needs of the Disabled and Chronically IIIp. 817
Health Promotion and Prevention Needs of the Disabled and Chronically IIIp. 819
Families With a Disabled or Chronically III Memberp. 821
The Role of the Community Health Nursep. 824
Summaryp. 825
Clients With Mental Health Issues and Addictionsp. 828
Community Mental Health in Perspectivep. 829
Epidemiology of Mental Disordersp. 833
Interventions for Community Mental Healthp. 836
Mental Health Promotionp. 842
Role of the Community Mental Health Nursep. 842
Addictionp. 844
An Overview of Addictionp. 845
Problems Related to Addictionp. 849
Alcohol Addictionp. 855
Tobacco Addictionp. 858
Other Central Nervous System Depressantsp. 859
Stimulantsp. 860
Gamblingp. 862
Other Addictionsp. 864
Globalization of Addiction Problemsp. 864
Summaryp. 864
Clients in Correctional Facilitiesp. 868
Basic Concepts in Correctional Health Carep. 869
Evolution of Correctional Health Carep. 871
Ethical Issues in Correctional Health Carep. 872
Health Care Considerationsp. 874
Women in Prisonp. 876
Role of the Community Health Nursep. 878
Summaryp. 881
Clients Receiving Home Health and Hospice Carep. 885
An Overview of Home Carep. 886
Agencies, Personnel, and Reimbursementp. 888
Medicare Criteria for Home Care Servicesp. 890
Medicare's Prospective Payment Systemp. 891
An Overview of Hospice Carep. 891
The Evolution of Hospice Carep. 893
Hospice Settings, Team Members, and Reimbursementp. 893
Role of the Community Health Nurse in Home Health and Hospice Carep. 897
Summaryp. 899
Glossaryp. 903
Indexp. 919
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

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