9780072964202

Construction Planning, Equipment, and Methods

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780072964202

  • ISBN10:

    0072964200

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-06-09
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

The Seventh Edition ofConstruction Planning, Equipment, and Methods,follows in the footsteps of the previous editions by providing the reader with the fundamentals of machine utilization and production estimating in a logical, simple, and concise format. Our text features expanded coverage of building in today's global environment. Hundreds of photos and illustrations have been added to the seventh edition to make this dynamic text even more accessible to both students and professionals. In addition, since technology is constantly evolving, this text provides an understanding of machine capabilities and how to properly apply those capabilities to construction challenges.The media package includes:Web-based exercises have been added to many chapters to draw attention to the expanding volume of information available over the Internet. The computer monitor icon in the text margin will direct you to the text website (http://www.mhhe.com/engcs/civil/peurifoy). In addition, extensive web resources are provided at the end of every text chapter.

Table of Contents

Preface xii
Machines Make It Possible
1(16)
The History of Construction Equipment
1(7)
Being Competitive
8(1)
The Construction Industry
9(1)
Safety
10(1)
The Contracting Environment
11(1)
Planning Equipment Utilization
12(5)
Summary
14(1)
Problems
14(1)
References
15(1)
Website Resources
15(2)
Fundamental Concepts of Equipment Economics
17(43)
Important Questions
17(1)
Equipment Records
18(1)
The Rent Paid for the Use of Money
19(6)
Cost of Capital
25(1)
Evaluating Investment Alternatives
26(2)
Elements of Ownership Cost
28(6)
Elements of Operating Cost
34(5)
Cost for Bidding
39(8)
Replacement Decisions
47(1)
Rent and Lease Considerations
48(12)
Summary
52(1)
Problems
53(5)
References
58(1)
Website Resources
58(2)
Planning for Earthwork Construction
60(30)
Planning
60(4)
Graphical Presentation of Earthwork
64(3)
Earthwork Quantities
67(8)
Mass Diagram
75(2)
Using the Mass Diagram
77(7)
Pricing Earthwork Operations
84(6)
Summary
86(1)
Problems
86(3)
References
89(1)
Website Resources
89(1)
Soil and Rock
90(25)
Introduction
90(1)
Glossary of Terms
91(1)
Soil and Rock Properties
91(10)
Compaction Specification and Control
101(1)
Introduction
101(1)
Compaction Tests
102(4)
Soil Processing
106(9)
Summary
111(1)
Problems
112(1)
References
113(1)
Website Resources
114(1)
Compaction and Stabilization Equipment
115(25)
Compaction of Soil and Rock
115(1)
Glossary of Terms
116(1)
Types of Compacting Equipment
116(12)
Roller Production Estimating
128(1)
Dynamic Compaction
129(2)
Soil Stabilization
131(1)
General Information
131(2)
Stabilizing Soils with Lime
133(1)
Cement-Soil Stabilization
134(6)
Summary
138(1)
Problems
138(1)
References
139(1)
Website Resources
139(1)
Machine Equipment Power Requirements
140(31)
General Information
140(1)
Required Power
141(7)
Available Power
148(7)
Usable Power
155(3)
Performance Charts
158(13)
Summary
165(1)
Problems
165(4)
References
169(1)
Website Resources
169(2)
Dozers
171(51)
Introduction
171(1)
Performance Characteristics of Dozers
172(6)
Pushing Material
178(1)
General Information
178(1)
Blades
178(4)
Project Employment
182(3)
Dozer Production Estimating
185(6)
Dozer Production Estimating Format
191(4)
Dozer Safety
195(1)
Land Clearing
196(1)
Land-Clearing Operations
196(1)
Types of Equipment Used
196(3)
Land-Clearing Production Estimating
199(5)
Ripping Rock
204(1)
Rippers
204(1)
Determining the Rippability of Rock
205(2)
Determining the Thickness and Strength of Rock Layers
207(2)
Ripper Attachments
209(2)
Ripper Production Estimates
211(11)
Summary
213(1)
Problems
214(6)
References
220(1)
Website Resources
220(2)
Scrapers
222(31)
General Information
222(1)
Scraper Types
223(5)
Scraper Operation
228(1)
Scraper Performance Charts
229(3)
Scraper Production Cycle
232(1)
Scraper Production Estimating Format
233(14)
Operational Considerations
247(2)
Scraper Safety
249(4)
Summary
250(1)
Problems
250(2)
References
252(1)
Website Resources
252(1)
Excavators
253(43)
Hydraulic Excavators
253(2)
Hydraulic Excavator Accidents
255(2)
Front Shovels
257(1)
General Information
257(1)
Selecting a Front Shovel
258(2)
Calculating Shovel Production
260(1)
Height of Cut Effect on Shovel Production
261(1)
Angle of Swing Effect on Shovel Production
262(2)
Hoes
264(1)
General Information
264(3)
Bucket Rating for Hydraulic Hoes
267(1)
Selecting a Hoe
268(3)
Calculating Hoe Production
271(3)
Loaders
274(1)
General Information
274(1)
Loader Buckets/Attachments
275(2)
Operating Specifications
277(2)
Loader Production Rates
279(2)
Calculating Wheel Loader Production
281(1)
Calculating Track Loader Production
282(2)
Loader Safety
284(1)
Specialty Excavators
284(1)
Trenching Machines
284(3)
Selecting Equipment for Excavating Trenches
287(1)
Trenching Machine Production
287(1)
Trench Safety
288(1)
Backhoe-Loaders
289(1)
Holland Loaders
290(1)
Vac Excavators
290(6)
Summary
291(1)
Problems
292(2)
References
294(1)
Website Resources
295(1)
Trucks and Hauling Equipment
296(24)
Trucks
296(2)
Rigid-Frame Rear-Dump Trucks
298(1)
Articulated Rear-Dump Trucks
298(2)
Tractors with Bottom-Dump Trailers
300(1)
Capacities of Trucks and Hauling Equipment
301(2)
Truck Size Affects Productivity
303(2)
Calculating Truck Production
305(4)
Production Issues
309(1)
Tires
310(2)
Truck Performance Calculations
312(5)
Truck Safety
317(3)
Summary
317(1)
Problems
318(1)
References
319(1)
Website Resources
319(1)
Finishing Equipment
320(17)
Introduction
320(1)
Graders
320(1)
General Information
320(4)
Grader Operations
324(4)
Time Estimates
328(1)
Fine Grading Production
329(1)
Grader Safety
329(1)
Gradalls
330(1)
General Information
330(2)
Safety
332(1)
Trimmers
332(1)
General Information
332(1)
Operation
332(2)
Production
334(3)
Summary
334(1)
Problems
334(1)
References
335(1)
Website Resources
336(1)
Drilling Rock and Earth
337(35)
Introduction
337(1)
Glossary of Drilling Terms
338(3)
Drill Bits
341(1)
Rock Drills
342(4)
Drilling Methods and Production
346(4)
Estimating Drilling Production
350(8)
GPS and Computer Monitoring Systems
358(1)
Drilling Soil
359(2)
Removal of Cuttings
361(1)
Trenchless Technology
362(5)
Safety
367(5)
Summary
368(1)
Problems
368(2)
References
370(1)
Website Resources
371(1)
Blasting Rock
372(35)
Blasting
372(2)
Glossary of Blasting Terms
374(1)
Commercial Explosives
375(4)
Primers and Boosters
379(1)
Initiating Systems
380(2)
Rock Fragmentation
382(1)
Blast Design
383(12)
Powder Factor
395(2)
Trench Rock
397(1)
Breakage Control Techniques
397(3)
Vibration
400(1)
Safety
401(6)
Summary
403(1)
Problems
403(2)
References
405(1)
Website Resources
406(1)
Aggregate Production
407(36)
Introduction
407(2)
Particle Size Reduction
409(1)
General Information
409(1)
Jaw Crushers
410(5)
Gyratory Crushers
415(4)
Roll Crushers
419(5)
Impact Crushers
424(1)
Special Aggregate Processing Units
425(1)
Feeders
426(1)
Surge Piles
427(1)
Crushing Equipment Selection
428(3)
Separation Into Particle Size Ranges
431(1)
Scalping Crushed Stone
431(1)
Screening Aggregate
432(5)
Other Aggregate Processing Issues
437(1)
Log Washers
437(1)
Segregation
438(1)
Safety
438(5)
Summary
439(1)
Problems
439(2)
References
441(1)
Website Resources
442(1)
Asphalt Mix Production and Placement
443(40)
Introduction
443(1)
Glossary of Asphalt Terms
444(2)
Structure of Asphalt Pavements
446(1)
Flexible Pavements
447(6)
Asphalt Concrete
453(1)
Asphalt Plants
454(1)
General Information
454(1)
Batch Plants
455(5)
Drum Mix Plants
460(2)
Dust Collectors
462(1)
Asphalt Storage and Heating
463(1)
Reclaiming and Recycling
464(1)
Paving Equipment
465(1)
Sweeper/Broom
466(1)
Haul Trucks
466(1)
Asphalt Distributors
467(1)
Asphalt Pavers
468(6)
Compaction Equipment
474(5)
Safety
479(4)
Summary
479(1)
Problems
480(1)
References
481(1)
Website Resources
482(1)
Concrete and Concrete Equipment
483(50)
Introduction
483(2)
Concrete Mixtures
485(1)
Proportioning Concrete Mixtures
485(1)
Fresh Concrete
485(1)
Batching Concrete Materials
486(4)
Mixing Concrete
490(1)
Concrete Mixing Techniques
490(6)
Ready-Mixed Concrete
496(4)
Central-Mixed Concrete
500(2)
Placing Concrete
502(1)
Buckets
502(2)
Manual or Motor-Propelled Buggies
504(1)
Chutes and Drop Pipes
504(1)
Belt Conveyors
504(1)
Concrete Pumps
505(9)
Consolidating and Finishing
514(1)
Consolidating Concrete
514(3)
Finishing and Curing Concrete
517(2)
Concrete Pavements
519(1)
Slipform Paving
519(4)
Additional Applications and Considerations
523(1)
Roller-Compacted Concrete
523(1)
Shotcreting
524(1)
Fly Ash
525(1)
Placing Concrete in Cold Weather
526(1)
Placing Concrete in Hot Weather
527(1)
Safety
527(1)
Pumping Concrete
527(6)
Summary
528(1)
Problems
528(2)
References
530(1)
Website Resources
531(2)
Cranes
533(47)
Major Crane Types
533(2)
Mobil Cranes
535(1)
Crawler Cranes
535(3)
Telescoping-Boom Truck-Mounted Cranes
538(1)
Lattice-Boom Truck-Mounted Cranes
539(1)
Rough-Terrain Cranes
540(1)
All-Terrain Cranes
541(1)
Modified Cranes for Heavy Lifting
542(2)
Crane Booms
544(1)
Lifting Capacities of Cranes
544(1)
Rated Loads for Lattice-and Telescopic-Boom Cranes
545(3)
Working Ranges of Cranes
548(2)
Tower Cranes
550(1)
Classification
550(4)
Operation
554(8)
Tower Crane Selection
562(1)
Rated Loads for Tower Cranes
563(4)
Rigging
567(1)
Rigging Basics
567(3)
Slings
570(2)
Safety
572(1)
Crane Accidents
572(2)
Safety Plans and Programs
574(1)
Zones of Responsibility
575(5)
Summary
576(1)
Problems
577(1)
References
578(1)
Website Resources
578(2)
Draglines and Clamshells
580(20)
Introduction
580(1)
Draglines
581(1)
General Information
581(1)
Description of a Dragline
582(3)
Dragline Production
585(3)
Calculating Dragline Production
588(1)
Factors Affecting Dragline Production
589(4)
Clamshell Excavators
593(1)
General Information
593(1)
Clamshell Buckets
594(1)
Production Rates for Clamshells
595(2)
Safety
597(3)
Summary
598(1)
Problems
598(1)
References
599(1)
Website Resources
599(1)
Piles and Pile-Driving Equipment
600(39)
Introduction
600(1)
Glossary of Terms
600(2)
Pile Types
602(1)
Classifications of Piles
602(1)
Timber Piles
603(1)
Concrete Piles
604(6)
Steel Piles
610(1)
Composite Piles
611(1)
Sheet Piles
612(6)
Driving Piles
618(1)
The Resistance of Piles to Penetration
618(1)
Site Investigation and Test Pile Program
618(2)
Pile Hammers
620(10)
Supporting and Positioning Piles during Driving
630(2)
Jetting Piles
632(1)
Spudding and Preaugering
633(1)
Hammer Selection
633(3)
Pile-Driving Safety
636(3)
Summary
637(1)
Problems
638(1)
References
638(1)
Website Resources
638(1)
Air Compressors and Pumps
639(36)
Support Equipment
639(1)
Compressed Air
640(1)
Introduction
640(1)
Glossary of Gas Law Terms
641(1)
Gas Laws
642(2)
Glossary of Air Compressor Terms
644(1)
Air Compressors
644(2)
Compressed-Air Distribution System
646(6)
Diversity Factor
652(1)
Safety
653(2)
Equipment for Pumping Water
655(1)
Introduction
655(1)
Glossary of Pumping Terms
656(1)
Classification of Pumps
657(1)
Centrifugal Pumps
658(6)
Loss of Head Due to Friction in Pipe
664(1)
Rubber Hose
665(1)
Selecting a Pump
665(3)
Wellpoint Systems
668(2)
Deep Wells
670(5)
Summary
670(1)
Problems
671(3)
References
674(1)
Website Resources
674(1)
Planning for Building Construction
675(28)
Introduction
675(2)
Site Layout
677(6)
Lifting and Support Equipment
683(3)
Delivery of Structural Components
686(2)
Steel Erection
688(1)
Tilt-Up Construction
689(3)
Control of Construction Nuisances
692(1)
Construction Noise
692(2)
Noise Mitigation
694(3)
Lighting
697(1)
Dust
698(1)
Vibration
698(5)
Summary
699(1)
Problems
700(1)
References
701(1)
Website Resources
702(1)
Forming Systems
703(48)
Classification
703(2)
Formwork and the Project Engineer
705(2)
Formwork Design
707(4)
Formwork Economics
711(7)
Vertical Systems
718(9)
Horizontal Systems
727(6)
Combined Vertical and Horizontal Systems
733(5)
Shoring Towers
738(7)
Safety
745(6)
Summary
747(1)
Problems
748(1)
References
749(1)
Website Resources
750(1)
Appendix A Alphabetical List of Units with Their SI Names and Conversion Factors 751(2)
Appendix B Selected English-to-SI Conversion Factors 753(1)
Appendix C Selected U.S. Customary (English) Unit Equivalents 754(1)
Appendix D Selected Metric Unit Equivalents 755(1)
Index 756

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