Contemporary Moral Issues: Diversity and Consensus

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-07-15
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Combines arguments and personal narratives to introduce students to key issues in morality. Contemporary Moral Issuesis an anthology that provides a selection of readings on contemporary social issues revolving around three general themes: Matters of Life and Death, Matters of Equality and Diversity, and Expanding the Circle, which includes duties beyond borders, living together with animals, and environmental ethics. Each set of readings is accompanied by an extensive introduction, a bibliographical essay, pre-reading questions, and discussion questions. Learning Goals Upon completing this book readers will be able to: Understand what the key contemporary issues in morality are Understand how these issues are encountered in everyday life Develop a critical position in regard to each of the readings Note:MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit:www.mysearchlab.comor you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 020588590X / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205885909.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. x
Introduction: A Pluralistic Approach to Contemporary Moral Issuesp. xiii
An Initial Moral Problems Self-Quizp. xxii
Matters of Life and Deathp. 1
Cloning and reproductive technologiesp. 11
The Narrativesp. 12
"Belgian Loopholes Allow Swiss Parents a 'Savior' Baby"p. 12
"On the Ethics of Selective Abortion for Disability: Conversations with My Son"p. 14
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 32
The Argumentp. 40
"What's Wrong with Enhancement?"p. 40
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 43
For Further Readingp. 43
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 46
Twilight of the Idols, Selections by Friedrich Nietzschep. 46
Utilitarianism by John Stuart Millp. 46
Republic by Platop. 46
Abortionp. 47
The Narrativep. 48
"The Two-Minus-One Pregnancy"p. 48
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 55
The Argumentsp. 71
"Abortion and the Concept of a Person"p. 71
"The Wrong of Abortion"p. 77
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 87
For Further Readingp. 88
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 91
Meditations on First Philosophy by René Descartesp. 91
Protagoras by Platop. 91
Politics by Aristotlep. 91
Euthanasiap. 92
The Narrativesp. 93
Atul Gawande, "Letting Go"p. 93
"Confronting Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: My Father's Death"p. 108
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 113
The Argumentp. 121
"Active and Passive Euthanasia"p. 121
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 125
For Further Readingp. 126
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 128
Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kantp. 128
An Introduction to the Principles of Morality and Legislation by Jeremy Benthamp. 128
Higher & Lower Pleasures by John Stuart Millp. 128
Punishment and the Death Penaltyp. 129
The Narrativep. 130
Helen Prejean, C.S.J., "Crime Victims on the Anvil of Pain"p. 130
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 133
The Argumentsp. 151
"What Do Murderers Deserve? The Death Penalty in Civilized Societies"p. 151
"Against the Death Penalty"p. 155
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 161
For Further Readingp. 162
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 164
Principle of Utility by Jeremy Benthamp. 164
On Crimes and Punishments by Cesare Beccariap. 164
The Metaphysical Elements of Justice by Immanuel Kantp. 165
War, Terrorism, and Counterterrorismp. 166
The Narrativep. 167
"Soldiers' Moral Wounds"p. 167
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 172
The Argumentsp. 195
"The Argument about Humanitarian Intervention"p. 195
"Torture Can Be Wrong and Still Work"p. 203
"Is There a Tortuous Road to Justice?"p. 204
"Ethical Issues in Counterterrorism Warfare"p. 206
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 209
For Further Readingp. 210
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 211
On Free Choice of the Will by Saint Augustinep. 211
Summa Theologica by Saint Thomas Aquinasp. 211
The Analects by Confuciusp. 212
Matters of Diversity and Equalityp. 213
Race and Ethnicityp. 227
The Narrativep. 228
"Beyond Mestizaje: The Future of Race in America"p. 228
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 239
The Argumentsp. 250
"Achieving Democratic Equality: Forgiveness, Reconciliation, and Reparations"p. 250
"Hate Crimes Laws: Progressive Politics or Balkanization?"p. 260
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 271
For Further Readingp. 271
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 272
The Souls of Black Folk by William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (also, W.E.B. Du Bois)p. 272
Letter from a Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr.p. 273
An Introduction to the Principles of Morality and Legislationp. 273
Genderp. 274
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 275
The Argumentsp. 284
"Stopping the Traffic in Women"p. 284
"The Second Sexism"p. 296
"Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?"p. 311
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 319
For Further Readingp. 320
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 321
How to Make Our Ideas Clear by Charles Sanders Peircep. 321
Philosophical Investigations by Ludwig Wittgensteinp. 321
Cratylus by Platop. 321
An Essay on Man by Alexander Popep. 322
Sexual Orientationp. 323
The Narrativep. 324
"Remarks in Recognition of International Human Rights Day"p. 324
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 329
The Argumentsp. 340
"A Right to Marry? Same-Sex Marriage and Constitutional Law"p. 340
"Against Homosexual Marriage"p. 352
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 357
For Further Readingp. 358
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 359
On Liberty by John Stuart Millp. 359
Five Ways by Saint Thomas Aquinasp. 359
The Teleological Argument by William Paleyp. 360
Expanding the Circlep. 361
World Hunger and Povertyp. 363
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 364
The Argumentsp. 378
"The Moral Demands of Global Justice"p. 378
"Achieving Global and Local Justice"p. 384
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 390
For Further Readingp. 391
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 393
Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotlep. 393
Utilitarianism by John Stuart Millp. 393
Higher & Lower Pleasures by John Stuart Millp. 393
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smithp. 393
Living Together with Animalsp. 395
The Narrativesp. 396
"Eating Animals"p. 396
"Down on the Factory Farm"p. 402
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 409
The Argumentsp. 413
"The Case for Animal Rights"p. 413
"The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research"p. 420
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 426
For Further Readingp. 427
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 429
Meditations on First Philosophy by René Descartesp. 429
The Metaphysical Elements of Justice by Immanuel Kantp. 429
De Anima by Aristodep. 429
Environmental Ethicsp. 430
The Narrativep. 431
"Native American Attitudes toward the Environment"p. 431
"Apocalypse Now: A Scientist's Plea for Christian Environmentalism"p. 434
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 439
The Argumentsp. 442
"Just Garbage"p. 442
"Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique"p. 450
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 459
For Further Readingp. 460
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 461
Opus Majus by Roger Baconp. 461
Discourse on Method by René Descartesp. 461
Principle of Utility by Jeremy Benthamp. 461
Cyberethicsp. 462
The Narrativep. 463
"Hackers Live by Own Code"Joseph Mennp. 463
An Introduction to the Moral Issuesp. 466
The Argumentsp. 475
"The Ethical Evaluation of WikiLeaks"p. 475
"Should We Let Computers Get Under Our Skins?"p. 477
"Ethical Reflections on Cyberstalking"p. 488
"Ethical Reflections on the Problem of Spam"p. 495
Concluding Discussion Questionsp. 503
For Further Readingp. 503
MySearchLab Connectionsp. 504
Leviathan by Thomas Hobbesp. 504
De Anima by Aristotlep. 504
Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kantp. 504
Two Treatises of Government by John Lockep. 504
Indexp. 505
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