Counseling : A Comprehensive Profession

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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This book encompasses all that counseling is today--addressing the history of counseling and the theory behind its practice; exploring the multicultural, ethical, legal environments in which counselors operate; and, examining the variety of skills today's counselors are expected to exhibit. Up-to-date references to contemporary theorists, trends, and challenges in the field ensures readers learn the current best practices and the most recently-adopted theories--prepares them to practice in today's settings, with the most recent tools and information. Incorporation of multicultural and gender issues throughout the material broadens the scope of the book. Six chapters are dedicated to specific populations with whom counselors work and professional arenas in which they practice. Includes American Counseling Association and NBCC Ethical Guidelines for the practice of internet counseling. Emphasis on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) categories prepares future counselors for the "nitty-gritty" of diagnosis--addresses the stringent requirements of documentation demanded by third party payers. A key resource for counseling certification.

Table of Contents

Historical and Professional Foundations of Counseling
History of and Trends in Counseling
The Effective Counselor
Ethical and Legal Aspects of Counseling
Counseling in a Multicultural and Pluralistic Society
Counseling Process and Theory
Building a Counseling Relationship
Working in a Counseling Relationship
Termination of Counseling Relationships
Psychoanalytic and Adlerian Approaches to Counseling
Person-Centered, Existential, and Gestalt Approaches to Counseling
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Transactional Analysis
Behavioral, Cognitive-Behavioral, and Reality Therapy
Skills and Specialties in the Practice of Counseling
Marriage and Family Counseling: Systems Theory
Groups in Counseling
Career Counseling over the Life Span
Elementary, Middle, and Secondary School Counseling
College Counseling and Student Life Services
Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Counseling
Evaluation and Research
Testing, Assessment, and Diagnosis in Counseling
Ethical Standards of the American Counseling Association
Ethical Standards of the American Psychological Association
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) Classifications
Counseling-Related Organizations
Name Index
Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


Counseling is a dynamic, ever-evolving, and exciting profession that deals with human tragedy and possibility in an intensive, personal, and caring way. It is a profession dedicated to prevention, development, exploration, empowerment, change, and remediation in an increasingly complex and chaotic world. In the past, counseling emphasized guidance by helping people make wise choices. Now guidance is but one part of this multidimensional profession. This text presents counseling in a broad manner covering its history, theories, activities, specialties, and trends. In addition, this book concentrates on the importance of the personhood of counselors and of the multicultural, ethical, and legal environments in which counselors operate. By focusing on the context and process of counseling, this book provides you with a better idea of what counselors do and how they do it. Materials inCounseling. A Comprehensive Profession,Fifth Edition, have been divided into four main sections. Part I, Historical and Professional Foundations of Counseling, contains chapters dealing with an overview of the development of counseling and important competencies of contemporary counselors. Specific chapters that will orient you to the counseling profession as it was and is are History of and Trends in Counseling; Personal and Professional Aspects of Counseling; Ethical and Legal Aspects of Counseling; and Counseling in a Multicultural and Diverse Society. Part II, Counseling Process and Theories, highlights the main processes, stages, and theories of the counseling profession. This section addresses the universal aspects of popular counseling approaches and zeros in on specific theories and ways of dealing with client concerns. The five chapters are Building a Counseling Relationship; Working in a Counseling Relationship; Termination of Counseling Relationships; Psychoanalytic, Adlerian, and Humanistic Theories of Counseling; and Behavioral, Cognitive, Systemic, Brief, and Crisis Theories of Counseling. Part III, Core Counseling Activities in Various Settings, emphasizes universal skills required in almost all counseling environments. Counselors use group counseling, consultation, research, and assessment skills in various areas. The chapters in this section are Groups in Counseling; Consultation; Evaluation and Research; and Testing, Assessment, and Diagnosis in Counseling. Finally, Part IV, Counseling Specialties, contains six chapters that focus on specific populations with whom counselors work or professional practices in which they are engaged that are unique. The chapters here are Career Counseling over the Life Span; Marriage and Family Counseling; Elementary, Middle, and Secondary School Counseling; College Counseling and Student-Life Services; Substance Abuse and Disability Counseling; and Mental Health and Community Counseling. A common theme woven throughout this book is that counseling is both a generic and specialized part of the helping field. Although it is a profession that has come of age, it is also still growing. It is best represented in professional organizations such as the American Counseling Association (ACA) and Division 17 (counseling psychology) of the American Psychological Association (APA). There are also numerous other professional groups--social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, marriage and family therapists, and pastoral counselors--that use and practice counseling procedures and theories on a daily basis. In essence, no one profession owns the helping process. This text is the result of a lifetime of effort on my part to understand the counseling profession as it was, as it is, and as it will be. My journey has included a wide variety of experiences

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