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9780195370904

Crime and Criminals Contemporary and Classic Readings in Criminology

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  • ISBN13:

    9780195370904

  • ISBN10:

    0195370902

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-07-31
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

A vibrant collection of readings designed to provide a comprehensive--and accessible--introduction to criminology, Crime and Criminals: Contemporary and Classic Readings, Second Edition, brings together selections from diverse and dynamic sources, including sociologists, criminologists, andscholars from other related disciplines. Featuring twenty-four new readings, this incisive text addresses the broad range of subjects typically covered in a criminology course, including society's attempts to control crime and criminal behavior. To help students understand the relevance and real-world applications of criminology, new coeditor J. Mitchell Miller has shaped this edition with new selections that address how criminological research directly influences practical responses to crime. Building on the work of coeditors Frank R.Scarpitti and Amie L. Nielsen, these cutting-edge readings reflect exciting developments in contemporary criminology while also preserving the text's original purpose: to compile a set of readings that represent both the breadth and variety of research on the causes of crime, its control, andrelated social policy issues. In addition, this engaging text integrates many helpful pedagogical resources, which draw students into the core concepts and fundamental theories of the field: * An introductory chapter begins each section, providing a survey of the major issues in each area and a helpful context for the readings that follow * An introduction precedes each selection, offering an overview of the article and a discussion of its relevance to students * Lively discussion questions follow each reading An essential resource for criminology courses, the new edition Crime and Criminals explores the dynamic, challenging, and ever-changing realities of crime.

Author Biography


Frank R. Scarpitti is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware.
Amie L. Nielsen is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Miami.
J. Mitchell Miller is Professor and Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Texas at San Antonio.

Table of Contents

Preface
Contributors
Defining Criminology and Crime
Criminology as Social Science
Historical Explanations of Crime: From Demons to Politics
Characteristics of the Criminal Law
The State, the Law, and the Definition of Behavior as Criminal or Delinquent
Observing and Measuring the Nature and Extent of Crime
Are Uniform Crime Reports a Valid Indicator of the Index Crimes? An Affirmative Answer with Minor Qualifications
Reassessing the Reliability and Validity of Self-Report Delinquency Measures
Managing Rape: Exploratory Research on the Behavior of Rape Statistics
A Snowball's Chance in Hell: Doing Fieldwork with Active Residential Burglars
Covert Participant Observation: Reconsidering the Least Used Method
Correlates of Crime
Specifying the SES/Delinquency Relationship
Age and the Patterning of Crime
Explaining the Gender Gap in Delinquency: Peer Influence and Moral Evaluations of Behavior
Intelligence and Criminal Behavior
Family Relationships, Juvenile Delinquency, and Adult Criminality
On Immigration and Crime
Theories of Crime
Formal and Informal Sanctions: A Comparison of Deterrent Effects
The Criminal Man
Does the Body Tell? Biological Characteristics and Criminal Disposition
Personality and Crime: Are Some People Crime Prone?
A Sociological Theory of Criminal Behavior
A Social Learning Theory of Crime
Lower-Class Culture as a Generating Milieu of Gang Delinquency
Code of the Streets
Formal Characteristics of Delinquency Areas
Routine Activity Theory
A Control Theory of Delinquency
The Nature of Criminality: Low Self-Control
Foundation for a General Theory of Crime
Crime and the American Dream
Causes of Crime: A Radical View
Criminological Observations of Crime
Violent Crime in the United States
The Motivation to Commit Property Crimes
Organized Crime
Casinos and Banking: Organized Crime in the Bahamas
Denying the Guilty Mind: Accounting for Involvement in White-Collar Crime
Trouble in the Schoolyard: A Study of Risk Factors of Victimization
Researching Dealers and Smugglers
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