9780890896334

Criminal Justice in America : The Politics Behind the System

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780890896334

  • ISBN10:

    089089633X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-01-01
  • Publisher: Carolina Academic Pr

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping Icon Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • eCampus.com Logo Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $40.00 Save up to $10.00
  • Rent Book $36.00
    Add to Cart Free Shipping Icon Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE
    USUALLY SHIPS IN 3-5 BUSINESS DAYS
    *This item is part of an exclusive publisher rental program and requires an additional convenience fee. This fee will be reflected in the shopping cart.

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Table of Contents

Cases Cited xix
Introduction
3(52)
Introduction
5(5)
Political Science: Basic Concepts
10(8)
Power
10(1)
Structure
11(2)
Separation of Powers
13(1)
Checks and Balances
13(1)
The Policy Process
14(1)
How a Bill Becomes a Law
14(3)
Liberal Versus Conservative Approaches to Crime Control
17(1)
Criminal Justice
18(9)
Definition
18(1)
The Criminal Justice System: An Overview
19(4)
Criminal Justice as a System and as a Nonsystem
23(1)
Goals of the Criminal Justice System
24(2)
Crime Control Versus Due Process
26(1)
The Relationship Between Politics and Criminal Justice
27(20)
Theoretical Foundations
27(3)
The Politics---Criminal Justice Connection in Practice
30(1)
Elected Officials
31(1)
Executive Branch: Presidents, Governors, and Mayors
31(3)
Legislative Branch: Congress, State Legislatures, Town Councils
34(5)
Judicial Branch
39(1)
Nonelected Officials
39(1)
Media
39(2)
Public Opinion
41(1)
Bureaucracies
42(1)
Campaigns and Elections
43(4)
Interest Groups
47(1)
Intergovernmental Relations
47(2)
Why a Political Approach to Criminal Justice is Important
49(2)
Remaining Chapters
51(1)
Technical Exercises
51(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
52(1)
Important Terms
52(1)
Websites
53(1)
Review Questions
53(2)
Crime
55(40)
Introduction
57(1)
What is a Crime?
58(1)
Sources of Law
59(3)
Theories of Criminal Law Formation
62(2)
Criminal Justice Theories
62(1)
Political Theories
63(1)
Seven Principles of Law
64(1)
Types of Crime
65(3)
Measuring Crime
68(10)
Uniform Crime Report
69(4)
National Incident-Based Reporting System
73(3)
National Crime Victimization Survey
76(2)
Amounts of Crime
78(3)
Uniform Crime Report
78(2)
National Crime Victimization Survey
80(1)
UCR and NCVS
81(1)
Crime Categories
81(7)
Hate Crimes
81(2)
Drug Crimes
83(1)
Juvenile Crime
84(2)
Computer Crimes
86(1)
Gang Crimes
86(1)
Domestic Violence Crimes
87(1)
Theories of Crime
88(3)
Summary
91(1)
Technical Exercise
92(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
92(1)
Important Terms
92(1)
Websites
93(1)
Review Questions
94(1)
Victims of Crime
95(50)
Introduction
97(2)
Victimology
99(3)
The Early Years: Focus on the Offender
99(1)
A Shift in Focus From the Offender to the Victim
100(2)
Characteristics of Victims
102(4)
General Statistics
102(2)
Elderly Victims
104(1)
Female Victims
105(1)
Juvenile Victims
105(1)
Effects of Becoming a Victim
106(1)
Victims' Rights
106(19)
Victims' Bill of Rights
110(1)
State Legislation
110(1)
Federal Legislation
111(1)
Opposition
112(4)
Victim Compensation Programs
116(3)
Victim Impact Statements
119(1)
Victim Services
119(4)
Mediation
123(1)
Restitution
123(1)
``Son of Sam'' Laws
124(1)
Political Influences
125(15)
Presidents
125(2)
Congress
127(3)
Courts
130(1)
Public Opinion
131(1)
Interest Groups
132(2)
Elections
134(1)
Bureaucracies
135(1)
Media
135(5)
Summary
140(1)
Technical Exercises
140(1)
Hypothetical Exercise
140(2)
Important Terms
142(1)
Websites
142(1)
Review Questions
143(2)
Law Enforcement
145(50)
Introduction
147(2)
History of Policing
149(5)
Reform Era
153(1)
Community Problem-Solving Era
154(1)
Types of Policing
154(5)
Community Policing
154(3)
Team Policing
157(1)
Problem-Oriented Policing
157(1)
Proactive versus Reactive Policing (The Kansas City Experiment)
158(1)
Police Functions
159(1)
Police Tasks
160(1)
Police-Community Relations Programs
161(1)
Police Training
162(2)
Recruitment
164(1)
Minorities
165(2)
Racial Minorities
165(1)
Women Officers
166(1)
The Job
167(3)
Dangers of police work
167(1)
Job Stress
167(2)
Police Personality
169(1)
Types of Law Enforcement Agencies: Jurisdictions and Functions
170(16)
Federal Law Enforcement
171(1)
FBI
171(2)
United States Marshals Service
173(5)
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
178(1)
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF)
179(1)
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and Border Patrol
180(1)
United States Customs Service
180(1)
United States Secret Service
181(1)
State Law Enforcement Agencies
181(1)
State Police and State Highway Patrols
181(2)
County: Sheriffs' departments
183(1)
Local: Municipal or City Departments
184(1)
Other Police Departments
185(1)
Private Police
186(1)
Political Influences
186(9)
Summary
190(1)
Technical Exercises
190(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
190(2)
Important Terms
192(1)
Websites
193(1)
Review Questions
193(2)
Constitutional Limits on Police Behavior
195(44)
Introduction
197(2)
Power versus Freedom
199(2)
Discretion
199(1)
Police Corruption/Brutality
199(2)
Fourth Amendment
201(23)
Exclusionary rule
201(2)
Exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule: Good Faith and Inevitable Discovery
203(3)
The Right to Privacy
206(1)
Searches and Seizures
207(1)
Probable Cause
208(1)
Searches and Seizures With Search Warrants
209(1)
Searches and Seizures Without Warrants
209(1)
Incident to Arrest
210(1)
Searches with Consent
211(1)
Searches of Automobiles, Watercraft, Motor Homes
212(2)
Suspicionless Searches
214(1)
Plain View Doctrine
215(2)
Border Searches
217(1)
Stop and Frisk
217(2)
Emergency Searches
219(1)
Electronic Eavesdropping
220(2)
Arrests
222(1)
Arrests with Warrant
222(1)
Arrests without Warrants
223(1)
Fifth Amendment
224(9)
Interrogation
225(1)
The Right to a Lawyer at Interrogation
225(1)
Confessions: Miranda v. Arizona
226(3)
Public Safety Exceptions to Miranda
229(1)
Physical Abuse
230(1)
Psychological Manipulation
230(1)
Coercion
231(1)
Informants
232(1)
Lineups
233(1)
Summary
233(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
234(1)
Important Terms
234(1)
Websites
234(1)
Review Questions
235(1)
List of Cases Cited
235(4)
Courts
239(50)
Introduction
243(1)
Function of the Courts
244(1)
Power of the Courts Versus Freedom of Citizens
245(2)
Structure of the Courts
247(21)
Federal Courts
248(1)
U.S. Supreme Court
249(2)
Process
251(1)
Members and makeup of the Supreme Court
252(3)
Lower Federal Courts
255(1)
U.S. Courts of Appeal
255(2)
U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
257(1)
U.S. District Courts
258(2)
Federal Magistrates
260(1)
Other Federal Courts
260(1)
State Courts
260(1)
State Supreme Courts
261(1)
Other State Appellate Courts
261(1)
Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction
261(1)
Trial Courts of Lower Jurisdiction (Lower Courts)
262(1)
Magistrates
263(1)
Specialty Courts
263(1)
Juvenile Courts
263(3)
Teen Courts
266(1)
Juvenile and Family Drug Courts
266(1)
Drug Courts
267(1)
Courtroom Personnel
268(8)
Prosecution
269(1)
Prosecution and Police
270(1)
Prosecution and Other Courtroom Actors
270(1)
Defense
271(1)
Methods of Providing Public Defenders
272(1)
Public Defenders
272(1)
Assigned Counsel
272(1)
Contract System
272(1)
Mixed Systems
273(1)
Judges
273(1)
Other personnel
274(1)
Court Clerks
274(1)
Court Administrators
274(1)
Bailiff
275(1)
Court Reporter
275(1)
Political Influences on the Courts
276(8)
Selection Process
276(1)
Federal Selection of Judges
276(3)
State Selection of Judges
279(1)
Elections
280(1)
Appointments
281(1)
Merit System
282(1)
Politics and Decisions
282(1)
Interest Groups: Lobbying the Courts
283(1)
Elected Officials
283(1)
Bureaucracies
284(1)
Summary
284(2)
Technical Exercises
286(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
286(1)
Important Terms
286(1)
Websites
287(1)
Review Questions
287(1)
List of Cases Cited
288(1)
Trial Process
289(52)
Introduction
291(1)
Process
292(33)
Pretrial stages
292(1)
Initial Appearance or Hearing
293(1)
Preliminary Hearing
294(1)
Bail
294(2)
Bail Reform Act
296(2)
Preventive Detention
298(1)
Grand Jury
298(1)
Arraignment
299(2)
Pretrial Motions
301(1)
Plea Bargaining
301(6)
Juries
307(1)
Jury Selection
307(1)
Size of Jury
308(1)
Trial
309(1)
Defenses of Criminal Conduct
310(7)
Sentencing
317(1)
Sentencing Hearing
317(1)
Presentence Investigation
317(1)
Sentencing Options
318(1)
Indeterminate Sentencing
318(1)
Guidelines
319(1)
Federal Sentencing Guidelines
320(1)
Determinate Sentencing
321(1)
Truth in Sentencing
322(1)
Appeals
323(1)
Appellate Process
323(1)
Habeas Corpus
324(1)
Defendant's Rights
325(11)
Right to Counsel
325(1)
Public Trial
326(4)
Speedy Trial
330(4)
Right to a Jury Trial and an Impartial Jury
334(1)
Right to Confront Witnesses
334(1)
Double Jeopardy
335(1)
Privilege Against Self-incrimination
336(1)
Summary
336(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
337(1)
Important Terms
337(1)
Review Questions
338(1)
List of Cases Cited
338(3)
Corrections
341(48)
Introduction
343(2)
A Short History of Corrections
345(8)
1700s: Corporal Punishment
345(1)
1776: Growth of Correctional Institutions
346(1)
William Penn and the Quakers
346(1)
Walnut Street jail (Solitary Confinement)
346(1)
Pennsylvania System
347(1)
New York System (or Auburn) System
348(1)
1870: The Post-Civil War Reformers
349(1)
1900s: The Progressives
350(1)
1930s: The Rehabilitation Model
350(2)
1960s: The Community Model
352(1)
Present: The Crime Control Model
353(1)
Federal and State Prisons
353(6)
Federal Prisons
354(1)
Federal Bureau of Prisons
354(2)
Federal Inmates
356(1)
State Prisons
356(1)
State Administrative Agencies
357(1)
County Departments of Corrections: Jails
357(1)
Lockups
358(1)
State Inmates
358(1)
Jail Inmates
359(1)
Types of Correctional Facilities
359(6)
Supermax Prisons
359(1)
Maximum Security
360(1)
Medium Security
361(1)
Minimum Security
361(1)
Farms and Camps
362(1)
Private Prisons
362(2)
Technocorrections
364(1)
Community Corrections
365(11)
Halfway Houses
366(1)
Boot Camps
367(2)
Day Reporting Centers
369(1)
Probation
369(3)
Probation Officers
372(1)
Probation Revocation
372(1)
House Arrest/Home Confinement/Electronic Monitoring
373(1)
Shock Incarceration
374(1)
Intermittent Incarceration
374(1)
Fines and Restitution
374(1)
Community Service
374(1)
Work Release
375(1)
Diversion
375(1)
Net Widening
376(1)
Death Penalty
376(8)
Federal
376(1)
State
377(7)
Summary
384(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
385(1)
Important Terms
386(1)
Websites
386(1)
Review Questions
386(1)
List of Cases Cited
387(2)
Prison Environment
389(42)
Introduction
391(2)
Number and Profile of Inmates
393(1)
Prison Environment
394(6)
Prison Culture
394(1)
Violence
395(2)
Overcrowding
397(3)
Prison Services
400(4)
Food
400(1)
Medical Care
400(1)
HIV/AIDS
401(2)
TB
403(1)
Mentally Ill Offenders
404(1)
STDs and Hepatitis
404(1)
Prison Programs
404(8)
Drug and Alcohol Programs
405(1)
Education
405(1)
Visitation
406(1)
Recreation
407(1)
Religion
407(1)
Furloughs
408(1)
Vocational Programs
409(2)
Life Skills Programs
411(1)
Prisoners' Rights Movement
412(2)
Corrections Officers
414(3)
Other Inmate Populations
417(5)
Female Offenders and Female Institutions
417(2)
Coeducational Institutions
419(1)
Juvenile Institutions
420(1)
Elderly Inmates
420(2)
Parole
422(6)
Parole Board
423(2)
U.S. Parole Commission
425(1)
Parole Officers
426(1)
Parole Hearings
427(1)
Revocation of Parole
428(1)
Summary
428(1)
Technical Exercise
428(1)
Hypothetical Exercises
429(1)
Important Terms
429(1)
Websites
429(1)
Review Questions
429(1)
List of Cases Cited
430(1)
What Works?
431(24)
Introduction
433(1)
Families
434(1)
Schools
435(4)
Communities
439(2)
Juveniles
441(2)
Labor Markets
443(2)
Places
445(1)
Policing
446(2)
Programs That Work
448(4)
California's Donovan Prison Therapeutic Community Program
448(1)
Colorado's Intensive Supervision Probation Program
448(1)
Florida Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Programs for Offenders
449(1)
Illinois: Gang Violence Reduction Project
449(1)
Iowa: Batterer's Education Program
450(1)
New York: Drug Treatment Alternative to Prison Program
450(1)
GREAT
450(1)
Operation Cul de Sac
451(1)
Federal Government
452(1)
Summary
453(1)
Important Terms
453(1)
Review Questions
454(1)
Notes 455(12)
Sources 467(10)
Index 477

Rewards Program

Reviews for Criminal Justice in America : The Politics Behind the System (9780890896334)