Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice : Improving the Quality of Judgments and Decisions

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-05-01
  • Publisher: Wiley

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The knowledge and skills of critical thinking, evidence-based practice, problem solving, judgment, and decision making are essential to effectively serve clients in all types of clinical practices. This book teaches clinicians and students how to avoid fallacies and biases in thinking as well as the skills to make well-informed, ethical decisions. Grounded in the belief that clinical decision making is a challenging process that can be improved by honing the skills integral to evidence-based practice, this book explores common sources of error and provides psychologists, counselors, social workers, and allied health professionals practical guidance with decision aids and applications of critical thinking skills to clinical decision making.

Author Biography

Eileen Gambrill is the Hutto Patterson Professor of Child and Family Studies at the School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, where she teaches both research and practice. Her research and writing cover professional decision making, evidence-informed practice, the role of critical thinking propaganda in the helping professions and its harmful effects, and the ethics of helping. She presents nationally and internationally on the topics of critical thinking, evidence-informed practice, and the ethics of helping.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Lay of the Land
The Need for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practicep. 3
Sources of Influence on Clinical Decisionsp. 9
Reasons and Reasoning: The Heart of Making Decisionsp. 57
Different Views of Knowledge and How to Get It: Exploring Your Personal Epistemologyp. 87
Common Sources of Error
The Influence of Language and Persuasion Strategiesp. 131
Formal and Informal Fallacies: Mistakes in Thinking and How to Avoid Themp. 155
Classification, Authority, and Focusing on Pathologyp. 181
Decision Aids
Content and Procedural Knowledgep. 209
Taking Advantage of Research on Judgment, Problem Solving, and Decision Makingp. 239
Evidence-Based Practice: A Philosophy and Process for Making Informed Decisionsp. 275
Posing Questions and Searching for Answersp. 297
Critical Appraisal of Practice- and Policy-Related Research: The Need for Skepticismp. 335
Applying Critical Thinking Skills to Clinical Decisions
Making Decisions About Data Collectionp. 377
Discovering Causes of Clients' Problems: Common Biasesp. 409
Making Predictions: Improving the Oddsp. 453
Enhancing the Quality of Case Conferences, Team Meetings, and Organizational Culturep. 481
The Future
Overcoming Personal Obstacles to Critical Thinkingp. 509
Maintaining Critical Thinking Skillsp. 533
Referencesp. 549
About the Authorp. 623
Author Indexp. 625
Subject Indexp. 641
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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