Crossroads and Cultures, Volume II: Since 1300 : A History of the World's Peoples

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-30
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Crossroads and Cultures: A History of the World's Peoplesincorporates the best current cultural history into a fresh and original narrative that connects global patterns of development with life on the ground. As the title, "Crossroads," suggests, this new synthesis highlights the places and times where people exchanged goods and commodities, shared innovations and ideas, waged war and spread disease, and in doing so joined their lives to the broad sweep of global history. Students benefit from a strong pedagogical design, abundant maps and images, and special features that heighten the narrative's attention to the lives and voices of the world's peoples. Test drive a chapter today.Find out how.

Author Biography

Bonnie G. Smith (PhD, University of Rochester) is Board of Governors Professor of History at Rutgers University. She has written numerous works in European and global history, including Ladies of the Leisure Class; Changing Lives: Women in European History since 1700; and Imperialism. She is editor of Global Feminisms since 1945 and Women’s History in Global Perspective; coeditor of the New Oxford World History series; and general editor of The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History.  Currently she is studying the globalization of European culture and society since the seventeenth century. 
Marc Van De Mieroop (PhD, Yale University) is Professor of History at Columbia University. His research focuses on the ancient history of the Near East from a long-term perspective and extends across traditionally established disciplinary boundaries. Among his many works are The Ancient Mesopotamian City; Cuneiform Texts and the Writing of History; A History of the Ancient Near East; The Eastern Mediterranean in the Age of Ramesses II; and A History of Ancient Egypt
Richard von Glahn (PhD, Yale University) is Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. A specialist in Chinese economic history, Richard is the author of The Country of Streams and Grottoes: Expansion, Settlement, and the Civilizing of the Sichuan Frontier in Song Times; Fountain of Fortune: Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1000–1700; and The Sinister Way: The Divine and the Demonic in Chinese Religious Culture. He is also coeditor of The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History and Global Connections and Monetary History, 1470–1800. His current research focuses on monetary history on a global scale, from ancient times to the recent past.
Kris Lane (PhD, University of Minnesota) is the France V. Scholes Chair in Colonial Latin American History at Tulane University. Kris specializes in colonial Latin American history and the Atlantic world, and his great hope is to globalize the teaching and study of the early Americas. His publications include Pillaging the Empire: Piracy in the Americas, 1500–1750; Quito 1599: City and Colony in Transition; and Colour of Paradise: The Emerald in the Age of Gunpowder Empires. He also edited Bernardo de Vargas Machuca’s The Indian Militia and Description of the Indies and Defense and Discourse of the Western Conquest.

Table of Contents

Note: All chapters close with a Conclusion, Resources for Research, and a full-page Review section.
15. Collapse and Revival in Afro-Eurasia, 1300–1450
     Major Global Development: Crisis and recovery in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Afro-Eurasia.
Fourteenth-Century Crisis and Renewal in Eurasia
Islam’s New Frontiers
The Global Bazaar
COUNTERPOINT: Age of the Samurai in Japan, 1185–1450
READING THE PAST: A French Theologian’s View of the Black Death
READING THE PAST: A Spanish Ambassador’s Description of Samarqand
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Urban Weavers in India
SEEING THE PAST: Leonardo da Vinci's Madonna of the Rocks
PART 3: The Early Modern World, 1450–1750
16. Empires and Alternatives in the Americas, 1430–1530
     Major Global Development: The diversity of societies and states in the Americas prior to European invasion.
Many Native Americas
Tributes of Blood: The Aztec Empire, 1325–1521
Tributes of Sweat: The Inca Empire, 1430–1532
COUNTERPOINT: The Peoples of North America's Eastern Woodlands, 1450–1530
SEEING THE PAST: An Aztec Map of Tenochtitlán
SEEING THE PAST: The Coyolxauhqui Stone
READING THE PAST: An Andean Creation Story
17. The Fall of Native American Empires and the Rise of an Atlantic World, 1450–1600
     Major Global Development: European expansion across the Atlantic and its profound consequences for societies and cultures worldwide. 
Guns, Sails, and Compasses: Europeans Venture Abroad
New Crossroads, First Encounters: The European Voyages of Discovery, 1492–1521
Spanish Conquests in the Americas, 1519–1600
A New Empire in the Americas: New Spain and Peru, 1535–1600
Brazil by Accident: The Portuguese in the Americas, 1500–1600
COUNTERPOINT: The Mapuche of Chile: Native America’s Indomitable State
READING THE PAST: Tlatelolcan Elders Recall the Conquest of Mexico
SEEING THE PAST: Malintzin and the Meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés
READING THE PAST: First Encounter in Brazil: Cabral’s Report to King Manoel of Portugal
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Atlantic Sugar Producers
18. Western Africa in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1450-1800
     Major Global Development: The rise of the Atlantic slave trade and its impact on early modern African peoples and cultures.
Many Western Africas
Landlords and Strangers: Peoples and States in West Africa
Land of the Blacksmith Kings: West Central Africa 
Strangers in Ships: Gold, Slavery, and the Portuguese
Northern Europeans and the Expansion of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1600–1800
COUNTERPOINT: The Pygmies of Central Africa
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: West Africa’s Gold Miners
READING THE PAST: Al-Sa’di, “Jenne and Its History”
SEEING THE PAST: Art of the Slave Trade: A Benin Bronze Plaque
READING THE PAST: Alonso de Sandoval, “General Points Relating to Slavery”
19. Trade and Empire in the Indian Ocean and South Asia, 1450–1750
     Major Global Development: The Indian Ocean trading network and the impact of European intrusion on maritime and mainland South Asia.
Trading Cities and Inland Networks: East Africa
Trade and Empire in South Asia
European Interlopers
COUNTERPOINT: Aceh: Fighting Back in Southeast Asia
READING THE PAST: Portuguese Report of a Vijayanagara Festival
SEEING THE PAST: Reflections of the Divine in a Mughal Emerald
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Cinnamon Harvesters in Ceylon
READING THE PAST: Dutch Merchants Learn How to Act in Aceh
20. Consolidation and Conflict in Europe and the Greater Mediterranean, 1450–1750
     Major Global Development: Early modern Europe’s increasing competition and division in the face of Ottoman expansion.
The Power of the Ottoman Empire, 1453–1750
Europe Divided, 1500–1650
European Innovations in Science and Government, 1550–1750
COUNTERPOINT: The Barbary Pirates
READING THE PAST: Weapons of Mass Destruction: Ottomans vs. Persians in Baghdad
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Ottoman Coffeehouse Owners and Patrons
SEEING THE PAST: Gift Clocks for the Emperors of China
READING THE PAST: An Exiled European Muslim Visits the Netherlands
21. Expansion and Isolation in Asia, 1450–1750
     Major Global Development: The general trend toward political and cultural consolidation in early modern Asia.
Straddling Eurasia: Rise of the Russian Empire, 1462–1725
China from Ming to Qing Rule, 1500–1800
Japan in Transition, 1540–1750
Korea, a Land in Between, 1392–1750
Consolidation in Mainland Southeast Asia, 1500–1750
COUNTERPOINT: “Spiritual Conquest” in the Philippines
SEEING THE PAST: Blue-on-White: Ming Export Porcelain
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Silk Weavers in China
READING THE PAST: Selections from the Hidden Christians’ Sacred Book
READING THE PAST: Scenes from the Daily Life of a Korean Queen
22. Transforming New Worlds: The American Colonies Mature, 1600–1750
     Major Global Development: The profound social, cultural, and environmental changes in the Americas under colonial rule.
The World that Silver Made: Spanish America, 1570–1750
Gold, Diamonds, and the Transformation of Brazil, 1695–1800
Bitter Sugar, Part Two: Slavery and Colonialism in the Caribbean, 1625–1750
Growth and Change in British and French North America, 1607–1750
COUNTERPOINT: The Maroons of Suriname
READING THE PAST: An Iraqi Traveler’s Impressions of Potosí
SEEING THE PAST: The Gentlemen from Esmeraldas
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Caribbean Buccaneers
READING THE PAST: A Swedish Traveler’s Description of Quebec
PART 4: The World from 1750 to the Present
23. Atlantic Revolutions and the World, 1750–1830
     Major Global Development: The Atlantic revolutions and their short- and long-term significance.
The Promise of Enlightenment
Revolution in North America
The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire
Revolution Continued in the Western Hemisphere
COUNTERPOINT: Religious Revival in a Secular Age
SEEING THE PAST: Portrait of Catherine the Great
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Arrival of the Cowboy
READING THE PAST: Simon Bolivar on Latin American Independence
READING THE PAST: Phillis Wheatley, “On Being Brought from Africa to America”
24. Industry and Everyday Life, 1750–1900
     Major Global Development: The Industrial Revolution and its impact on societies and cultures throughout the world.
The Industrial Revolution Begins, 1750–1830
Industrialization After 1830
The Industrial Revolution and the World
Industry and Society
The Culture of Industry
COUNTERPOINT: African Women and Slave Agriculture
READING THE PAST: Industry Comes to the British Countryside
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Builders of the Trans-Siberian Railroad
SEEING THE PAST: Japan’s Industrious Society 
READING THE PAST: Mexican Women on Strike
25. The Rise of Modern Nation-States, 1850–1900
     Major Global Development: The causes and consequences of nation building in the nineteenth century.
Modernizing Nations
Emerging Powers: The United States and Japan
The Culture of Nations
COUNTERPOINT: Outsiders Inside the Nation-State
READING THE PAST: The Russian People Under Serfdom
SEEING THE PAST: The Korean Flag
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Historians of the Nation-State
READING THE PAST: Good Wives, Wise Mothers Build Japan
26. Imperial Order and Disorder, 1850–1914
     Major Global Development: The accelerated competition among nineteenth-century nation-states for empire.
Building Empires
Imperial Society
Culture in an Imperial Age
Imperial Contests at the Dawn of the Twentieth Century
COUNTERPOINT: The West Copies from the World
READING THE PAST: Rubber Workers in Congo
SEEING THE PAST: Colonial Architecture in Saigon
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Indentured Laborers
READING THE PAST: The United States Overthrows the Hawaiian Queen
27. Wars, Revolutions, and the Birth of Mass Society, 1910–1929
     Major Global Development: The wars of the decade 1910 to 1920 and their role in the creation of mass culture and society.
Revolutions, Local Wars, and World War
Revolution in Russia and the End of World War I
Postwar Global Politics
An Age of the Masses
COUNTERPOINT  A Golden Age for Argentinians
SEEING THE PAST: Wartime Propaganda
READING THE PAST: Communism Spreads in China
READING THE PAST: Léopold Sédar Senghor, “To the Senegalese Sharpshooters Dead for France”
28. Global Catastrophe: The Great Depression and World War II 1929–1945
     Major Global Development: The causes and outcomes of the Great Depression and World War II.
1929: The Great Depression Begins
Militarizing the Masses in the 1930s
Global War, 1937–1945
From Allied Victory to the Cold War, 1943–1945
COUNTERPOINT  Nonviolence and Pacifism in an Age of War
READING THE PAST: Promoting Business in the Great Depression
READING THE PAST: “Comfort Women” in World War II
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Soldiers and Soldiering
SEEING THE PAST: Technological Warfare: Civilization or Barbarism?
29. The Emergence of New Nations in a Cold War World, 1945–1970
    Major Global Development: The political transformations of the postwar world and their social and cultural consequences.
World Politics and the Cold War
Decolonization and the Birth of Nations
World Recovery in the 1950s and 1960s
Cultural Dynamism Amid Cold War
COUNTERPOINT  The Bandung Conference, 1955
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Cosmonauts and Astronauts
READING THE PAST: Singing Against Imperialism
SEEING THE PAST: African Liberation on Cloth
READING THE PAST: The Great Leap Forward in China
30. Technological Transformation and the End of the Cold War, 1960–1992
     Major Global Development. The technological revolution of the late twentieth century and its impact on societies and political developments around the world.
Advances in Technology and Science
Changes in the World Economy
Politics and Protest in an Age of Cold War
The End of the Cold War Order
COUNTERPOINT: Agrarian Peoples in a Technological Age
READING THE PAST: Japan Transforms Business Practices
READING THE PAST: Terror and Resistance in El Salvador
SEEING THE PAST: The Iranian Revolution as Visual News
31. A New Global Age, 1989 to the Present
    Major Global Development: The causes and consequences of intensified globalization.
The Impact of Global Events on Regions and Nations
Global Livelihoods and Institutions
The Promises and Perils of Globalization
Cultures without Borders
COUNTERPOINT: Who Am I? Local Identity in a Globalizing World
READING THE PAST: Testimony to South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission
READING THE PAST: Assessing Livelihoods for Women in a Global Economy
SEEING THE PAST: The Globalization of Urban Space
LIVES AND LIVELIHOODS: Readers of the Qur’an

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