Cultures and Societies in a Changing World

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-10
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc

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In the Fourth Edition of Cultures and Societies in a Changing World, author Wendy Griswold illuminates how culture shapes our social world and how society shapes culture. Through this book, students will gain an understanding of the sociology of culture and explore stories, beliefs, media, ideas, art, religious practices, fashions, and rituals from a sociological perspective. Cultural examples from multiple countries and time periods will broaden students' global understanding. Students will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and that will help equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. ix
Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
About the Authorp. xvii
Culture and the Cultural Diamondp. 1
Two Ways of Looking at Culturep. 3
"The Best That Has Been Thought and Known"p. 4
"That Complex Whole"p. 7
Connections: The Links Between Culture and Societyp. 10
The Cultural Objectp. 11
The Cultural Diamondp. 14
Summaryp. 17
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 17
Recommended for Further Readingp. 18
Cultural Meaningp. 19
Why Do We Need Meaning?p. 21
Culture and Meaning in Reflection Theoryp. 23
Culture as Mirrorp. 23
The Greek Background to Reflection Theoryp. 25
Culture and Meaning in Marxian Sociologyp. 27
"From Earth to Heaven": The Materialist Approach to Culturep. 28
Historical Materialismp. 29
Research Directions From the Marxian Traditionp. 30
Culture and Meaning in Functionalist Sociologyp. 32
Culture and Meaning in Weberian Sociologyp. 35
The Anxious Protestants and the World They Builtp. 36
The Cultural Switchmanp. 39
Meaning Systems or a Tool Kit?p. 39
Meaning, Modernity, and the Clash of Culturesp. 40
Summaryp. 43
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 45
Recommended for Further Readingp. 45
Culture as a Social Creationp. 47
Durkheim and the Social Production of Culturep. 49
The Problem of Modern Social Lifep. 49
Social Bonds: The Role of Religionp. 50
Culture as Collective Representationp. 53
The Collective Production of Culturep. 55
Symbolic Interactionismp. 55
Subculturesp. 59
Cultural Innovation and Social Changep. 62
Cultural Lags and Leadsp. 63
Cultural Innovationsp. 64
Summaryp. 67
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 68
Recommended for Further Readingp. 68
The Production, Distribution, and Reception of Culturep. 71
The Production of Culturep. 73
The Culture Industry Systemp. 73
Cultural Marketsp. 77
The Production of Ideasp. 81
Receptionp. 83
Audiences and Taste Culturesp. 84
Horizons of Expectationsp. 87
Freedom of Interpretation: Two Viewsp. 89
Seduction by Mass Culturep. 90
Resistance Through Popular Culturep. 92
Summaryp. 95
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 95
Recommended for Further Readingp. 96
Identities, Problems, and Movementsp. 97
Constructing a Collective Identityp. 99
Constructing a Social Problemp. 104
Making Troublep. 105
From Happening to Event to Social Problemp. 105
The Career of a Social Problemp. 108
Constructing a Social Movement Summaryp. 110
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 115
Recommended for Further Readingp. 116
Organizations in a Multicultural Worldp. 117
Organizational Culturesp. 119
Culture and Motivationp. 119
Cultures of Solidarity and Ambiguityp. 124
Organizations in Cultural Contextsp. 128
Working Across Culturesp. 133
Summaryp. 137
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 139
Recommended for Further Readingp. 139
Culture and Connectionp. 141
Media Revolutions and Cultural Communitiesp. 142
Oral Culturesp. 143
Written Culturesp. 144
Print Culturesp. 145
ICT Culturesp. 146
The Cultural Impact of the Internetp. 149
Old Diamonds, New Mediap. 152
Communities of Meaning in a Global Culturep. 156
Postmodernity and Communityp. 157
Mediated Transnationalsp. 160
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 161
Recommended for Further Readingp. 162
Culture and Powerp. 163
Power: What Is It, Who Has It, and Why Do People Submit to It?p. 163
Power in Face-to-Face Interactionsp. 166
Identity Politicsp. 168
The Aesthetics of Powerp. 172
Political Acts as Cultural Objectsp. 176
Cultures Without Centersp. 179
Questions for Study and Discussionp. 180
Recommended for Further Readingp. 180
Referencesp. 181
Indexp. 193
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