Derivatives Demystified : A Step-by-Step Guide to Forwards, Futures, Swaps and Options

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-08-23
  • Publisher: Wiley
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Derivatives are everywhere in the modern world and it is important for everyone in banking, investment and finance to have a good understanding of the subject. Derivatives Demystified provides a step-by-step guide to the subject, enabling the reader to have a solid, working understanding of key derivative products. Adopting a highly accessible approach, the author explains derivative products in straightforward terms and without the complex mathematics that underlie the subject, focusing on practical applications, case studies and examples of how the products are used to solve real-world problems. Derivatives Demystified follows a sequence that is designed to show that, although there are many applications of derivatives, there are only a small number of basic building blocks, namely forwards and futures, swaps and options. The book shows how each building block is applied to different markets and to the solution of various risk management and trading problems. This new edition will be fully revised to reflect the many changes the derivatives markets have seen over the last three years. New material will include a comprehensive history of derivatives, leading up to their use and abuse in the current credit crisis. It will also feature new chapters on regulation and control of derivatives, commodity derivatives, credit derivatives and structured products and new derivative markets including inflation linked and insurance linked products. Derivatives Demystified is essential reading for everyone who operates in the financial markets or within the corporate environment who requires a good understanding of these important financial instruments.

Table of Contents

The Origins and Growth of the Market
Derivatives Building Blocks
Market Participants
Supporting Organizations
Early Origins of Derivatives
Derivatives in the USA
Overseas Developments, Innovation and Expansion
An Example of Recent Innovation: Weather Derivatives
Temperature-Linked Derivatives
The Wild Beast of Finance?
Lessons from Recent History
Creative Destruction and Contagion Effects
The Modern OTC Derivatives Market
The Exchange-Traded Derivatives Market
Chapter Summary
Equity and Currency Forwards
Equity Forward Contract
The Forward Price
The Forward Price and Arbitrage Opportunities
The Forward Price and the Expected Payout
Foreign Exchange Forwards
Managing Currency Risk
Hedging with an Outright Forward FX Deal
The Forward Foreign Exchange Rate
The Forward FX Rate and Arbitrage Opportunities
Forward Points
FX Swaps
Applications of FX Swaps
Chapter Summary
Forward Rate Agreements
FRA Case Study: Corporate Borrower
Results of the FRA Hedge
The FRA as Two Payment Legs
Dealing in FRAs
Forward Interest Rates
Chapter Summary
Commodity and Bond Futures
The Margining System and the Clearing House
Users of Futures Contracts
Commodity Futures
Futures Prices and the Basis
US Treasury Bond Futures
US Treasury Bond Futures: Delivery Procedures
Gilt and Euro-Bund Futures
The Cheapest-to-Deliver (CTD) Bond
Chapter Summary
Interest Rate and Equity Futures
Eurodollar Futures
Trading Eurodollar Futures
Hedging with Interest Rate Futures
Interest Rate Futures Prices
Equity Index Futures
Applications of S&P 500 Index Futures
FT-SE 100 Index Futures Contracts
Establishing Net Profits and Losses
Single Stock Futures (SSFs)
Chapter Summary
Interest Rate Swaps
Interest Rate Swap Structure
Basic Single-Currency Interest Rate Swap
The Swap as a Package of Spot and Forward Deals
Rationale for the Swap Deal
Swap Terminology and Swap Spreads
Typical Swap Applications
Interest Rate Swap Variants
Cross-Currency Interest Rate Swaps
Net Borrowing Costs using a Cross-Currency Swap
Inflation Swaps
Chapter Summary
Equity and Credit Default Swaps
Introduction to Equity Swaps
Equity Swap Case Study
Other Applications of Equity Swaps
Equity Index Swaps
Hedging an Equity Index Swap
Credit Default Swaps
Credit Default Swap: Basic Structure
Credit Default Swap Applications
Credit Spreads
The CDS Premium and the Credit Spread
Pricing Models for CDS Premium
Index Credit Default Swaps
Basket Credit Default Swaps
Chapter Summary
Fundamentals of Options
Types of Options
Basic Option Trading Strategies
Long Call: Expiry Payoff Profile
Short Call: Expiry Payoff Profile
Long Put: Expiry Payoff Profile
Short Put: Expiry Payoff Profile
Summary: Intrinsic and Time Value
Hedging with Options
Chapter Overview
Futures Hedge Revisited
Protective Put
Hedging with ATM Put Option
Covered Call Writing
Equity Collar
Zero-Cost Equity Collar
Protective Put with a Barrier Option
Behaviour of Barrier Options
Chapter Summary
Exchange-Traded Equity Options
Basic Concepts
CBOE Stock Options
UK Stock Options on NYSE Liffe
CME S&P 500 Index Options
FT-SE 100 Index Options
Chapter Summary
Currency or FX Options
Users of Currency Options
Hedging FX Exposures with Options: Case Study
Graph Of Hedged And Unhedged Positions
Hedging with a Zero-Cost Collar
Reducing Premium on FX Hedges
Compound Options
Exchange-Traded Currency Options
Chapter Summary
Interest Rate Options
OTC Interest Rate Options
OTC Interest Rate Option Case Study
Hedging a Loan with a Caplet
Interest Rate Cap
Interest Rate Collar
Interest Rate Swap and Swaption
Summary of Interest Rate Hedging Strategies
Eurodollar Options
Euro and Sterling Interest Rate Options
Bond Options
Exchange-Traded Bond Options
Chapter Summary
Option Valuation Concepts (1)
The Concept of a Riskless Hedge
A Simple Option Pricing Model
Option Fair Value
Extending the Binomial Model
Cost of Dynamic Hedging
The Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model
Historical Volatility
Measuring and Using Volatility
Chapter Summary
Option Valuation Concepts (2)
Problems with Historical Volatility
Implied Volatility
Black-Scholes Model Assumptions
Value of a Call Option
Value of a Put Option
Equity Index and Currency Options
Pricing Interest Rate Options
Chapter Summary
Option Sensitivities: The 'Greeks'
Delta ( or )
Delta Behaviour
Delta as the Hedge Ratio
The Effects of Changes in Delta
Readjusting the Delta Hedge
Gamma ( or )
Gamma and the Spot Price of the Underlying
Gamma and Time to Expiry
Theta ()
Vega or Kappa ()
Rho ()
Summary of Greeks
Chapter Summary
Option Trading Strategies (1)
Bull Spread
Bull Position with Digital Options
Spot Price and CON Value
Bear Spread
The Greeks for the Bear Spread
Put or Bear Ratio Spread
Long Straddle
Long Straddle Current Payoff Profile
Potential Risks with a Long Straddle
Chapter Summary
Option Trading Strategies (2)
Chooser Option
Short Straddle
Short Straddle Current Payoff Profile
Potential Profits with a Short Straddle
Managing the Risk on a Short Straddle
Short Strangle
New Ways of Trading Volatility
Calendar or Time Spread
Chapter Summary
Convertible and Exchangeable Bonds
Investors in Convertible Bonds
Issuers of Convertible Bonds
CB Measures of Value
Conversion Premium and Parity
Other Factors Affecting CB Values
Convertible Arbitrage
Convertible Arbitrage Example
Profits and Risks with the CB Arbitrage Trade
Mandatorily Convertibles and Exchangeables
Structuring a Mandatorily Exchangeable (ME) Bond
Chapter Summary
Structured Securities
Capital Protection Equity-Linked Notes
Expiry Value of 100% Capital Protection Notes
100% Participation Equity-Linked Notes
Capped Participation Equity-Linked Notes
Average Price Notes
Locking in Interim Gains: Cliquet Options
Securitization and CDOs
The Basic CDO Structure
Rationale for Securitization
Synthetic CDOs
Chapter Summary
Clearing, Settlement and Operational Risk
Risk Management in General
Settlement of Exchange-Traded Derivatives
Major Clearing Houses
Confirmation and Settlement of OTC Deals
Controlling Counterparty Risk on OTC Derivatives
Operational Risk
Best Practice in Operational Risk Management
Chapter Summary
Financial Calculations
Exotic Options
Glossary of Terms
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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