Developing Your Theoretical Orientation in Counseling and Psychotherapy

by ;
  • ISBN13:


  • ISBN10:


  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-05-25
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • View Upgraded Edition

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $56.40 Save up to $38.81
  • Rent Book $22.72
    Add to Cart Free Shipping


Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.


This guide is designed to assist therapists in training—mental health counselors, psychologists, social workers, school counselors, substance abuse counselors, psychotherapists, and peer helpers—in the process of finding a theoretical orientation congruent with their own personal values. In it, readers get a look at the theory and practices involved in the process; a concise, helpful reminder/overview of the major theories of counseling; and specific learning activities, reflection questions, and case examples interspersed throughout. Unique to this book are the authors’ Intentional Theory Selection (ITS) model, a contemporary model for selecting a theoretical orientation congruent with one’s personal values, and the Selective Theory Sorter-Revised (STS-R), a survey for discovering which research theories a counselor might endorse. Updated throughout, the Third Edition focuses on assisting clinicians further in finding their theoretical orientation in a diverse society while enjoying the self-exploration process. The authors have presented the ITS model and the STS-R at many professional conferences, incorporating the feedback into the new edition.

Author Biography


Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

Chapter One: Why Theoretical Orientation Is Important

Chapter Two: Incorporating Theory into Practice

Chapter Three: Top 10 Ways to Find Your Theoretical Orientation

Chapter Four : Six Schools of Thought and Their Theories of Helping

Chapter Five Case Examples for Integrating Theory into Practice

Complete Table of Contents

Chapter One: Why Theoretical Orientation Is Important
A Personal Experience

The Big Puzzle

What Is Theoretical Orientation?

The Helper’s Tool Belt

What Can A Theoretical Orientation Do For Me?

How Have Others Picked A Theoretical Orientation?

What If I’m Eclectic?

Empirically Validated Therapies: Are They Better?

Guidance From COMMON FACTORS: Do They All Work?

Once I Have It, How Can I Use It?

How Are Theoretical Orientation and Ethics Related?

The Main Points

Reflection Questions

Chapter Two: Incorporating Theory into Practice

Making Theory Useful: A Model

Theory Development

Importance of Your Life Philosophy

Life Philosophy–Its Personal

Schools of Thought


Goals and Techniques: Interventions at Work

Counselors are Diverse

Resistance to Theories: Eclectic, Integrated, or Just Don’t Know

Does It Really Work?

What to Take Home

Reflection Questions

Chapter Three: Top 10 Ways to Find Your Theoretical Orientation

Find Yourself

Articulate Your Values

Survey Your Preferences

Use Your Personality

   Taking the MBTI

Capture Yourself

Let Others Inspire You in Your Learning

Read Original Works

Get Real

Study with a Master

Broaden Your Experiences

Top 10 Wrap-Up

Reflection Questions

Suggested Readings and Webpages

Chapter Four : Six Schools of Thought and Their Theories of Helping

Psychodynamic School of Thought

   Psychoanalytic Theory

   Analytical Theory

   Individual Psychology

Behavioral School of Thought

   Behavioral Therapy

Humanistic School of Thought




Pragmatic School of Thought

   Cognitive Behavioral

   Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy

   Reality Therapy

Constructivist School of Thought

   Multicultural Counseling and Therapy

   Feminist Therapy

   Narrative Therapy

   Solution-Focused Brief Therapy

Family Approaches School of Thought

   Bowen Family Systems Therapy

   Strategic Family Therapy

   Structural Family Therapy

   Family Therapies and Diversity


Reflection Questions

Chapter Five Case Examples for Integrating Theory into Practice

Clinician Case Studies

Case One: Evan

Case Two: Jill

Case Three: Garrett 

Case Four: Lillian                      

Comment on the Cases

Client Case Studies

Case One: Tony

Case Two: Nancy

Case Three: Brenda

Supervision Case Studies

Case One: Grace

Case Two: Casey

Case Three: Dominic

Summary of Supervision Case Studies

Putting It All Together

Importance Revisited 

How Theory Is Found

Benefit of the ITS Model to the Field

Rewards Program

Write a Review