Dimensional Analysis For Meds

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-07-08
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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Discover the latest from best selling author Anna M. Curren! Add a dimension to your knowledge. With Curren's Dimensional Analysis for Meds, Third Edition, you find out just how easy it can be to calculate dosages correctly. No prior knowledge of calculation is necessary, as a building-block organization is employed to cover basic facts and tips regarding drug measures, reading medication labels, and syringe calibrations. Once competency is established, more complex concepts are presented, such as intravenous and pediatric calculations, as well as numerous opportunities to practice your new skills. A conversational style accompanies this effective learning progression, revealing Dimensional Analysis for Meds as simply the most effective tool for learning dosage calculations.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. x
Directions to the Studentp. xi
Refresher Math Pre-Testp. xii
Refresher Mathp. 1
Relative Value, Addition, and Subtraction of Decimalsp. 3
Relative Value of Decimalsp. 3
Addition and Subtraction of Decimalsp. 7
Summaryp. 8
Summary Self Testp. 8
Multiplication and Division of Decimalsp. 11
Multiplication of Decimalsp. 11
Division of Decimalsp. 12
Elimination of Decimal Pointsp. 13
Reduction of Fractionsp. 14
Reduction of Numbers Ending in Zerop. 15
Expressing to the Nearest Tenthp. 16
Expressing to the Nearest Hundredthp. 17
Summaryp. 18
Summary Self Testp. 18
Solving Common Fraction Equationsp. 20
Whole Number Equationsp. 20
Decimal Fraction Equationsp. 23
Multiple Number Equationsp. 26
Summaryp. 28
Summary Self Testp. 28
Introduction to Drug Measuresp. 31
Metric, International (SI) Systemp. 33
Basic Units of the Metric/SI Systemp. 33
Metric/SI Prefixesp. 34
Metric/SI Abbreviationsp. 34
Variations of Metric/SI Abbreviationsp. 35
Metric/SI Notation Rulesp. 35
Conversion Between Metric/SI Unitsp. 37
Common Errors in Metric/SI Dosagesp. 39
Summaryp. 40
Summary Self Testp. 40
Additional Drug Measures: Unit, Percentage, Milliequivalent, Ratio, Apothecary, Householdp. 42
International Units (U)p. 42
Percentage (%) Measuresp. 43
Milliequivalent (mEq) Measuresp. 43
Ratio Measuresp. 44
Apothecary and Household Measuresp. 45
Apothecary/Household Notationsp. 46
Apothecary/Household to Metric/SI Equivalents Tablep. 46
The Apothecary/Metric Conversion Clockp. 47
Summaryp. 48
Summary Self Testp. 48
Reading Medication Labels and Syringe Calibrationsp. 51
Reading Oral Medication Labelsp. 53
Tablet and Capsule Labelsp. 54
Tablet/Capsule Dosage Calculationp. 57
Oral Solution Labelsp. 61
Measurement of Oral Solutionsp. 62
Summaryp. 64
Summary Self Testp. 65
Hypodermic Syringe Measurementp. 71
Standard 3 cc Syringep. 71
Safety Syringesp. 75
Tuberculin Syringep. 77
Tubex and Carpuject Cartridgesp. 79
5, 6, 10, and 12 cc Syringesp. 82
20 cc and Larger Syringesp. 84
Summaryp. 86
Summary Self Testp. 86
Reading Parenteral Medication Labelsp. 90
Reading Metric/SI Solution Labelsp. 91
Percent (%) and Ratio Solution Labelsp. 92
Solutions Measured in International Units (U)p. 93
Solutions Measured as Milliequivalents (mEq)p. 94
Summaryp. 95
Summary Self Testp. 96
Reconstitution of Powdered Drugsp. 107
Reconstitution of a Single Strength Solutionp. 107
Reconstitution of Multiple Strength Solutionsp. 109
Reconstitution from Package Insert Directionsp. 110
Summaryp. 112
Summary Self Testp. 112
Measuring Insulin Dosagesp. 117
Types of Insulinp. 117
U-100 Insulin and Syringesp. 119
Lo-Dose Syringesp. 119
1 cc Capacity Syringesp. 121
Combining Insulin Dosagesp. 123
Summaryp. 125
Summary Self Testp. 125
Medication Administration Systemsp. 129
Medication Administration Recordsp. 131
Medication Record 1p. 133
Medication Record 2p. 135
Medication Record 3p. 137
Medication Record 4p. 139
Summaryp. 139
Medication Card Administrationp. 140
Reading Medication Cardsp. 140
Summaryp. 141
Summary Self Testp. 141
Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysisp. 145
Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysisp. 147
The Basic DA Equationp. 147
Equations Requiring Metric Conversionsp. 153
Summaryp. 156
Summary Self Testp. 157
Dosage Calculation from Body Weight and Body Surface Areap. 173
Adult and Pediatric Dosages Based on Body Weightp. 175
Converting lb to kgp. 175
Converting kg to lbp. 176
Calculating Dosages from Drug Label Informationp. 177
Calculating Dosages from Drug Literaturep. 180
Summaryp. 183
Summary Self Testp. 183
Adult and Pediatric Dosages Based on Body Surface Areap. 189
Calculating BSA from kg and cmp. 189
Calculating BSA from lb and inp. 191
Dosage Calculation Based on BSAp. 192
Assessing Orders Based on BSAp. 193
Summaryp. 195
Summary Self Testp. 195
Intravenous Calculationsp. 199
Introduction to IV Therapyp. 201
Primary Linep. 201
Secondary Linep. 203
Volume Controlled Burettesp. 205
Indwelling Infusion Ports/Intermittent Locksp. 205
Electronic Infusion Devices (EID's)p. 206
Electronic Rate Controllersp. 206
Volumetric Pumpsp. 207
Horizon Nxt[superscript TM] Pumpp. 208
Syringe Pumpsp. 208
Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) Devicesp. 209
Introduction to IV Fluidsp. 210
Determining Percentages in IV Fluidsp. 211
Parenteral Nutritionp. 212
IV Medication Guidelines/Protocolsp. 212
Summaryp. 214
Summary Self Testp. 215
IV Flow Rate Calculationp. 217
IV Tubing Calibrationp. 217
Small Volume gtt/min Calculationp. 218
Large Volume gtt/min Calculation from mL/hr Orderedp. 221
Division Factor Method of Calculationp. 222
Regulating Flow Ratep. 225
Correcting Off-Schedule Ratesp. 225
Summaryp. 227
Summary Self Testp. 228
Calculating IV Infusion and Completion Timesp. 230
Calculating from Volume and Hourly Rate Orderedp. 230
Calculating Large Volume Infusion Time from gtt/min, Volume, and Set Calibrationp. 232
Calculating Small Volume Infusion Time from gtt/min, Volume, and Set Calibrationp. 234
Determining Infusion Completion Timep. 236
Labeling Solution Bags/Bottles with Infusion Timep. 238
Summaryp. 241
Summary Self Testp. 242
IV Medication and Titration Calculationsp. 246
Calculating mL/hr Rate from Dosage Orderedp. 247
Calculating gtt/min Rate from Dosage Orderedp. 249
Calculating mL/hr Rate from Dosage per kg Orderedp. 251
Calculating Dosage Infusing from Flow Ratep. 253
Titration of Infusionsp. 255
Summaryp. 259
Summary Self Testp. 260
Heparin Infusion Calculationsp. 263
Calculating mL/hr Flow Rate from U/hr Orderedp. 263
Calculating gtt/min Flow Rate from U/hr Orderedp. 265
Calculating U/hr Infusing from mL/hr Infusingp. 267
Calculating U/hr Infusing from Solution Strength, Set Calibration, and gtt/min Ratep. 269
Reading Heparin Labels and Preparing IV Solutionsp. 272
Summaryp. 274
Summary Self Testp. 274
Pediatric Medication Calculationsp. 277
Pediatric Oral and Parenteral Medicationsp. 279
Oral Medicationsp. 279
IM and s.c. Medicationsp. 281
Summaryp. 281
Summary Self Testp. 282
Pediatric Intravenous Medicationsp. 286
Methods of IV Medication Administrationp. 286
Medication Administration via Burettep. 287
Comparing IV Dosages Ordered with Protocolsp. 291
Summaryp. 294
Summary Self Testp. 295
Indexp. 299
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