Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health Translating Science to Practice

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-03-28
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Fifteen to twenty years is how long it takes for the billions of dollars of university-based research to translate into evidence-based policies and programs suitable for public use. Over the past decade, an exciting science has emerged that seeks to narrow the gap between the discovery of newknowledge and its application in public health, mental health, and health care settings. Dissemination and implementation (DandI) research seeks to understand how to best apply scientific advances in the real world, by focusing on pushing the evidence-based knowledge base out into routine use.To help propel this crucial field forward, leading DandI scholars and researchers have collaborated to put together this volume to address a number of key issues, including: how to evaluate the evidence base on effective interventions; which strategies will produce the greatest impact; how to designan appropriate study; and how to track a set of essential outcomes. DandI studies must also take into account the barriers to uptake of evidence-based interventions in the communities where people live their lives and the social service agencies, hospitals, and clinics where they receive care.The challenges of moving research to practice and policy are universal, and future progress calls for collaborative partnerships and cross-country research. The fundamental tenet of DandI research-taking what we know about improving health and putting it into practice-must be the highest priority.This book is nothing less than a roadmap that will have broad appeal to researchers and practitioners in epidemiology, biostatistics, behavioral science, economics, medicine, social work, psychology, and anthropology.

Author Biography

Ross C. Brownson, PhD, is Professor and Co-Director of the Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, at the School of Medicine and George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis.

Graham A. Colditz, MD, DrPH, is Niess-Gain Professor of Surgery and Associate Director of Prevention and Control at the Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis.

Enola K. Proctor, PhD, is Frank J. Bruno Professor of Social Work Research at the George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis.

Table of Contents

The promise and challenges of dissemination and implementation research
Developing the terminology for dissemination and implementation research in health
Theory and approaches
Historical roots of dissemination and implementation science
Comparative effectiveness to accelerate translation: Recommendations for an emerging field of science
The role of economic evaluation in dissemination and implementation research
Designing for dissemination of environmental and policy initiatives and programs for high-risk groups
The role of organizational processes in dissemination and implementation research
Viewing dissemination and implementation research through a network lens
Systems thinking in dissemination and implementation research
Participatory approaches for dissemination and implementation research
Enhancing dissemination through marketing and distribution systems: A vision for public health
Design and analysis
Design and analysis of dissemination and implementation research
Measurement issues in dissemination and implementation research
Fidelity and its relationship to implementation effectiveness, adaptation and dissemination
Furthering dissemination and implementation research: The need for more attention to external validity
Evaluation approaches for dissemination and implementation research
Setting- and population-specific dissemination and implementation
Community and public health settings
Social service delivery settings
Implementation science in health care
Health dissemination and implementation within schools
Policy dissemination research
Dissemination and implementation research in populations with health disparities
Setting-specific cultural adaptation
The path forward in dissemination and implementation research
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