Dosage Calculations (Book Only)

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Best-selling DOSAGE CALCULATIONS, 9th Edition features a three-step approach to basic and advanced Formula Method calculations, along with a reader-friendly writing style, thorough math review, handy "work text" format, and instructor tools on CD-ROM.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vi
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introduction to the Learnerp. xii
Using This Bookp. xiii
Pretest and Mathematics Reviewp. 1
Essential Skills Evaluation: Pretestp. 3
Essential Skills Evaluation: Pretest Answer Sheetp. 21
Mathematics Diagnostic Evaluationp. 28
Fractions and Decimalsp. 31
Fractionsp. 31
Types of Fractionsp. 32
Equivalent Fractionsp. 33
Conversionp. 34
Comparing Fractionsp. 35
Addition and Subtraction of Fractionsp. 38
Multiplication of Fractionsp. 41
Division of Fractionsp. 43
Decimalsp. 47
Decimal Fractions and Decimal Numbersp. 47
Comparing Decimalsp. 50
Conversion between Fractions and Decimalsp. 51
Addition and Subtraction of Decimalsp. 54
Multiplying Decimalsp. 56
Dividing Decimalsp. 57
Rounding Decimalsp. 58
Ratios, Percents, Simple Equations, and Ratio-Proportionp. 63
Ratios and Percentsp. 64
Ratiosp. 64
Percentsp. 64
Converting Among Ratios, Percents, Fractions, and Decimalsp. 64
Comparing Percents and Ratiosp. 66
Solving Simple Equations for Xp. 68
Ratio-Proportion: Cross-Multiplying to Solve for Xp. 72
Finding the Percentage of a Quantityp. 76
Self-Evaluationp. 80
Measurement Systems, Drug Orders, and Drug Labelsp. 83
Systems of Measurementp. 85
Metric Systemp. 85
Apothecary and Household Systemsp. 89
Other Common Drug Measurements: Units and Milliequivalentsp. 91
Conversions: Metric and Household Systemsp. 97
Identifying Need for Unit Conversionp. 98
Converting from One Unit to Another Using the Conversion Factor Methodp. 99
Converting within the Metric Systemp. 100
Approximate Equivalentsp. 105
Converting Between Systems of Measurement Using the Conversion Factor Methodp. 105
Conversions for Other Clinical Applications: Time and Temperaturep. 113
Converting Between Traditional and International Timep. 113
Converting Between Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperaturep. 116
Equipment Used in Dosage Measurementp. 123
Oral Administrationp. 123
Medicine Cupp. 123
Calibrated Dropperp. 124
Pediatric Oral Devicesp. 125
Parenteral Administrationp. 125
3 mL Syringep. 125
Prefilled Single-Dose Syringep. 126
Insulin Syringep. 127
1 mL Syringep. 128
Safety Syringep. 128
Intravenous Syringep. 129
Needleless Syringep. 130
Interpreting Drug Ordersp. 141
Medical Abbreviationsp. 142
The Drug Orderp. 143
Medication Order and Administration Formsp. 146
Computerized Medication Administration Systemsp. 148
Understanding Drug Labelsp. 157
Brand and Generic Namesp. 158
Dosage Strengthp. 158
Formp. 159
Supply Dosagep. 160
Total Volumep. 160
Administration Routep. 161
Directions for Mixing or Reconstitutingp. 161
Label Alertsp. 162
Name of the Manufacturerp. 162
Expiration Datep. 163
Lot or Control Numbersp. 163
National Drug Code (NDC)p. 163
Controlled Substance Schedulep. 164
Barcode Symbolsp. 164
United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and National Formulary (NF)p. 164
Unit- or Single-Dose Labelsp. 164
Combination Drugsp. 165
Supply Dosage Expressed as a Ratio or Percentp. 165
Checking Labelsp. 166
Preventing Medication Errorsp. 177
Prescriptionp. 178
Verbal Ordersp. 180
Transcriptionp. 180
Safe Medication Administrationp. 185
Right Patientp. 185
Right Drugp. 185
Right Amountp. 188
Right Routep. 190
Right Timep. 191
Right Documentationp. 191
The Nurse's Critical Role in Medication Error Preventionp. 191
Self-Evaluationp. 199
Drug Dosage Calculationsp. 205
Oral Dosage of Drugsp. 207
Tablets and Capsulesp. 210
Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculationsp. 213
Oral Liquidsp. 227
Parenteral Dosage of Drugsp. 255
Injectable Solutionsp. 256
High-Alert Parenteral Medicationsp. 276
Heparinp. 277
Insulinp. 281
Insulin Labelsp. 281
Insulin Action Timesp. 282
Premixed, Combination Insulinp. 284
Interpreting the Insulin Orderp. 285
Insulin Administrationp. 285
Measuring Insulin in an Insulin Syringep. 286
Combination Insulin Dosagep. 290
Insulin Coverage-The "Sliding Scale"p. 294
Prefilled U-100 Insulin Pensp. 295
U-500 Insulinp. 298
Avoiding Insulin Dosage Errorsp. 302
Reconstitution of Solutionsp. 321
Solution Propertiesp. 322
Reconstitution of Injectable Medications in Powder Formp. 323
Types of Reconstituted Parenteral Solutionsp. 325
Single-Strength Solutionp. 326
Multiple-Strength Solutionp. 328
Reconstituted Parenteral Solutions with Various Routesp. 332
Drugs with Injection Reconstitution Instructions for Either IM or IVp. 332
Drugs with Different IM and IV Reconstitution Instructionsp. 334
Drugs with Instructions to "See Package Insert" for Dilution and Administrationp. 337
Reconstitution of Noninjectable Solutionsp. 351
Solution Concentrationp. 351
Calculating Solutionsp. 352
Topical Solutions and Irrigantsp. 352
Oral and Enteral Feedingsp. 354
Diluting Ready-to-Use Nutritional Liquidsp. 354
Pediatric and Adult Dosages Based on Body Weightp. 367
Administering Medications to Childrenp. 368
Converting Pounds to Kilogramsp. 368
Body Weight Method for Calculating Safe Pediatric Dosagep. 369
Single-Dosage Drugsp. 370
Single-Dosage-Range Drugsp. 371
Routine or Round-the-Clock Drugsp. 372
Daily-Dosage-Range Drugsp. 373
Daily-Dosage-Range Drugs with Maximum Daily Allowancep. 374
Underdosagep. 375
Combination Drugsp. 376
Adult Dosages Based on Body Weightp. 378
Alternative Dosage Calculation Methods: Ratio-Proportion and Dimensional Analysisp. 399
Converting Using the Ratio-Proportion Methodp. 400
Using Ratio-Proportion to Calculate Dosagesp. 402
Using Dimensional Analysis to Calculate Dosagesp. 406
Self-Evaluationp. 423
Advanced Calculationsp. 437
Intravenous Solutions, Equipment, and Calculationsp. 439
IV Solutionsp. 440
Solutions Componentsp. 440
Solution Strengthp. 440
Solution Additivesp. 443
Calculating Components of IV Solutions When Expressed as a Percentp. 446
IV Sitesp. 447
Monitoring IVsp. 448
Primary and Secondary IVsp. 448
Blood Administration Tubingp. 450
IV Flow Ratep. 450
Electronically-Regulated IVsp. 450
Calculating Flow Rates for Infusion Pumps in mL/hp. 456
Manually-Regulated IVsp. 458
Calculating Flow Rates for Manually-Regulated IVs in gtt/minp. 461
Formula Methodp. 461
Shortcut Methodp. 464
Adjusting IV Flow Ratep. 468
Intermittent IV Infusionsp. 474
IV Piggybacksp. 474
Saline and Heparin IV Locks for IV Push Drugsp. 475
ADD-Vantage Systemp. 477
Calculating IV Infusion Time and Volumep. 480
Body Surface Area and Advanced Pediatric Calculationsp. 489
Body Surface Area Methodp. 490
BSA Formulap. 490
BSA Nomogramp. 491
BSA Dosage Calculationsp. 494
Pediatric Volume Control Setsp. 497
Intermittent IV Medication Infusion via Volume Control Setp. 498
Minimal Dilutions for IV Medicationsp. 501
Calculation of Daily Volume for Maintenance Fluidsp. 503
Advanced Adult Intravenous Calculationsp. 513
Calculating IV Dosages and Flow Rates Using Clinical Protocolsp. 514
IV Heparin Protocolp. 515
IV Insulin Protocolp. 523
Insulin Overdosep. 527
Critical Care IV Calculations: Calculating Flow Rate of an IV Medication to Be Given over a Specified Time Periodp. 530
IV Medication Ordered per Minutep. 530
IV Medication Ordered per Kilogram per Minutep. 532
Titrating IV Drugsp. 532
Verifying Safe IV Medication Dosage Recommended per Minutep. 534
Limiting Infusion Volumesp. 538
Self-Evaluationp. 549
Essential Skills Evaluation: Posttest Answer Sheetp. 557
Comprehensive Skills Evaluationp. 565
Answersp. 581
Essential Skills Evaluationp. 581
Mathematics Diagnostic Evaluationp. 587
Chapter 1p. 588
Chapter 2p. 591
Chapter 3p. 594
Chapter 4p. 595
Chapter 5p. 597
Chapter 6p. 597
Chapter 7p. 601
Chapter 8p. 602
Chapter 9p. 603
Chapter 10p. 605
Chapter 11p. 612
Chapter 12p. 625
Chapter 13p. 633
Chapter 14p. 639
Chapter 15p. 647
Chapter 16p. 655
Chapter 17p. 660
Comprehensive Skills Evaluationp. 670
Study Guidep. 677
Apothecary Systemp. 687
Indexp. 689
Drug Label Indexp. 697
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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