9780805382143

Ecology on Campus

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780805382143

  • ISBN10:

    0805382143

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Copyright: 2005-12-29
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Used and Rental copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Key Benefit: This flexible laboratory manual contains nearly 60 exercises involving small-scale ecological systems that can be conducted within a weekly lab period right on campus, regardless of weather or resources available. Each chapter explains a fundamental concept, and then gives three separate hands-on exercises that can involve outdoor observation and measurements on campus, laboratory systems, library research, biological collections, or computer resources. Additionally, calculation pages accompanying each lab walk readers through standard mathematical modeling or statistical tools commonly used by ecologists to address the question at hand, building readers'quantitative and critical thinking skills. All calculations and statistical analyses can be completed by readers using simple calculators. Key Topics: PREFACE: TEACHING AND LEARNING ECOLOGY IN A CAMPUS ENVIRONMENT, DESCRIBING A POPULATION, ALLOMETRIC RELATIONSHIPS, ESTIMATING POPULATION SIZE, POPULATION GROWTH, DEMOGRAPHY, POPULATION GENETICS, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS, THE NICHE, THE CONCEPT OF THE COMMUNITY, COMPETITION,PREDATION AND PARASITISM, MUTUALISM, BIODIVERSITY, ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION, PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ATTRIBUTES OF SOILS, AQUATIC SYSTEMS, ENERGY FLOW, ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY Market Description:For those interested in learning the basics of ecology on campus

Table of Contents

Preface Teaching and Learning Ecology in a Campus Environment vii
Describing A Population
1(22)
Method A Seed Weights in Legumes
10(2)
Method B Needle Length in Conifers
12(11)
Allometric Relationships
23(28)
Method A Modeling Size and Shape Relations
28(7)
Method B Heat Exchange in Beetles
35(7)
Method C Size and Shape of Trees
42(9)
Estimating Population Size
51(14)
Method A Mark-Recapture Simulation
56(2)
Method B Mark-Recapture Estimate of a Student Population
58(2)
Method C Mark-Recapture Estimate of a Mealworm Population
60(5)
Population Growth
65(26)
Method A Calculating r from a Published Data Set
75(5)
Method B Comparing Exponential and Logistic Growth
80(3)
Method C Population Growth of Yeasts
83(8)
Demography
91(40)
Method A Demography Simulation
105(6)
Method B Developing a Life Table from the Alumni Newsletter
111(12)
Method C Demography of Campus Trees
123(8)
Population Genetics
131(28)
Method A Population Genetics Simulation
144(9)
Method B Population Genetics in a Fruit Fly Culture
153(6)
Spatial Distribution of Populations
159(18)
Method A Dispersion of Plants in a Lawn Community
165(3)
Method B Dispersion of Herbivores on Plant Resource Units
168(2)
Method C Dispersion of Isopods in an Artificial Habitat
170(7)
The Niche
177(22)
Method A Feeding Niches in the Community Aquarium
184(3)
Method B Niches of Birds at a Feeding Station
187(2)
Method C Plant Niches on a Disturbance Gradient
189(10)
The Community Concept
199(20)
Method A Geographical Distributions of Tree Species
205(3)
Method B Direction of Exposure and Plant Communities
208(5)
Method C Microbial Communities on a Salt Concentration Gradient
213(6)
Competition
219(24)
Method A Allelopathy
236(2)
Method B Competition within and between Species
238(3)
Method C Competition Problems
241(2)
Predation and Parasitism
243(30)
Method A Predator-Prey Simulation
257(5)
Method B Predation by Daphnia on Euglena
262(5)
Method C Simulating Functional Response of a Predator
267(6)
Mutualism
273(26)
Method A Effects of Rhizobium on Legumes
281(4)
Method B Microbial Symbionts in Termite Gut and Lichen Thallus
285(5)
Method C Flower/Pollinator Mutualism
290(9)
Biodiversity
299(20)
Method A Measuring Biodiversity of Campus Birds
309(1)
Method B Measuring Invertebrate Biodiversity
310(2)
Method C Measuring Biodiversity in Sweep Net Samples
312(7)
Succession
319(18)
Method A Succession in Hay Infusions
328(4)
Method B r-Selection and K-Selection in Trees
332(5)
Soils
337(24)
Method A Physical Properties of Soils
347(6)
Method B Soil pH in Two Microhabitats
353(4)
Method C Nutrient Capture by Soils
357(4)
Aquatic Environments
361(22)
Method A Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature
369(4)
Method B Sediment Load and Water Clarity
373(5)
Method C LD50 Determination for a Pesticide
378(5)
Energy Flow
383(26)
Method A Productivity of Plankton
393(4)
Method B Pyramid of Biomass for Plankton
397(7)
Method C Estimating Ecological Efficiency of Leaf Miners
404(5)
Island Biogeography
409(28)
Method A Biogeography Simulation Game
418(11)
Method B Species--Area Relationship for Bird Communities
429(2)
Method C Species--Area Relationship for Artificial islands
431(6)
Appendix 1 Variance 437(1)
Appendix 2 The t-Test 438(3)
Appendix 3 Correlation and Regression 441(2)
Appendix 4 Critical Values for the Mann-Whitney U-test 443(1)
Appendix 5 Critical Values for the Chi-Square Test 444(1)
Appendix 6 A Table of Random Numbers 445(1)
Appendix 7 Writing a Laboratory Report 446(3)
Glossary 449(10)
Index 459(8)
Credits 467

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