The Economies of Urban Diversity Ruhr Area and Istanbul

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-10-24
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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The Economics of Urban Diversity explores ethnic and religious minorities in urban economies. In this exciting work, the contributors develop an integrative approach to urban diversity and economy by employing concepts from different studies and linking historical and contemporary analyses of economic, societal, demographic, and cultural development. Contributors from a variety of disciplines—geography, economics, history, sociology, anthropology, and planning—make for a transdisciplinary analysis of past and present migration-related economic and social issues, which helps to better understand the situation of ethnic and religious minorities in metropolitan areas today.

Author Biography

Darja Reuschke (Dr. rer. pol.) is Marie Curie fellow at the University of St Andrews and lecturer in human and regional geography at the University of Trier. She got her PhD from the School of Spatial Planning, TU Dortmund. She worked as programme co-ordinator of EU funded networks of vocational training and counselling projects focused on the labour market integration of immigrants at the Ministry of Labour, Women, Health, Youth and Social Affairs of the German Federal State Bremen. In applied research projects funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Ministry of Innovation, Sciences, Research and Technology of the German Federal State North Rhine-Westphalia she investigated the interface of job-related migration, residential location and housing. Two of her books were published by the VS-Verlag (Springer) in 2010: Housing and Gender (edited book), Multilocational Living Arrangements (single authored book). Darja has published her work in peer-reviewed population and geography journals (e.g. Comparative Population Studies, Erdkunde).

Monika Salzbrunn (Prof. Dr. rer. soc.) holds a full professorship in 'Religions, Migration, Diasporas' at Lausanne University and leads the French team in the European GEMMA project on policymaking, gender and migration in the 7th framework programme of the European Union at Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris. She is co-chair of the migration section of the French Association of Sociology and the urban studies section at the International Association of French-Speaking Sociologists. Monika Salzbrunn is a former Emmy Noether Fellow of the German Research Foundation (DFG). She has published her work in international peer-reviewed sociology and anthropology journals (Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales; Migrations Société, Journal of Religion in Africa, afriche e orienti etc.). Her latest publications include From Community to Commonality. Multiple Belonging and Street Phenomena in the Era of Reflexive Modernization (published in 2011 by Seijo University Press, Tokyo, co-authored with Yasumasa Sekine), Faire communauté en société. Dynamiques des appartenances collectives (published in 2010 by Presses Universitaires de Rennes, co-edited) and The Making of World Society. Perspectives from Transnational Research (published by transcript/Transaction Publishers in 2008, co-edited).

Korinna Schönhärl (Dr. phil.) is lecturer in the Department for Social and Economic History at the University of Duisburg-Essen. She holds a PhD from Goethe-University Frankfurt, where she was a research assistant at the Collaborative Research Centre 'Culture of Knowledge and Social Change'. She published her dissertation, which was awarded with the Friedrich-Sperl-Award of Goethe University, under the title Knowledge and Visions. Theory and Politics of the Economists in the Stefan George Circle (published in 2009 by Akademie Verlag), and co-edited the volume The ideal of the aesthetic life and the reality of the Weimar Republic. Imaginations of state and community in the circle of Stefan George (published in 2008 by Akademie Verlag). She published several articles in peer reviewed journals. Her research interest is the combination of cultural and economic history on an international level. Her current research project, which is funded by the Thyssen-Foundation, is entitled Entering new grounds – European Banks in Greece in the 19th Century. She examines the international relationships between French, British and German Banks, in cooperation with local historians in London, Paris and Athens. She has published articles on Greek economic history in the leading German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (History of a state´s bankruptcy, 19.02.2010; Hölderlin saving Greece, 10.02.2011).

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Economies of Urban diversities in a diachronic and transdisciplinary perspective

I. Population flows affecting Istanbul and the Ruhr Area
Yunus Ulusoy: Migration from Turkey to the Ruhr Area up to the present day
Michaela Bachem-Rehm: Polish immigration to the Ruhr Area in the 19th century
Jörg Plöger: The next brain-drain? – (Re-)Migration of German-Turks
II. Legal and institutional frames of ethnic entrepreneurship
Maria Christina Chatziioannou and Dimitris Kamouzis: From Great Empires to Nation States: The economic activities of the Greek Orthodox in Istanbul, ca.1870-1939
Ayse Ozil: The legal framework of Greek Orthodox communal institutions in the Late Ottoman Empire
Ivonne Fischer-Krapohl: Turkish migrant businesses in Dortmund - An economy of urban diversity
René Leicht and Lena Werner: Characteristics and determinants of ethnic entrepreneurship and its economic potential in the face of growing urban diversity
III. Residential segregation and gentrification processes
Nil Uzun: Urban space and gentrification in Istanbul in the 20th century
Deniz Yonucu: The middle class takeover of Istanbul: Commodification of the city and re-marginalization of poverty
IV. Representation and memories of diversity
Dietmar Osses: Migrant memories in museums? Migration exhibitions and plans for a migration museum in Germany
Edhem Eldem: Chances and dangers of comparisons across space and time

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