Educating Emergent Bilinguals

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-10-24
  • Publisher: Teachers College Pr

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This comprehensive and insightful book shows how present educational policies and practices to educate language minority students in the United States ignore an essential characteristic—their emergent bilingualism. Expanding on a popular report supported by the Campaign for Educational Equity (Teachers College), this accessible guide compiles the most up-to-date research findings to demonstrate how ignoring children’s bilingualism perpetuates inequities in their schooling. What makes this book truly useful is that it offers a thorough description of alternative practices that would transform our schools and students’ futures, such as building on students’ home languages and literacy practices in schools, curricular and pedagogical innovations, new approaches to parent and community engagement, and adoptive assessment tools.

Author Biography

Ofelia Garcia is professor in the PhD programs in urban education and His-panic and Luso-Brazilian literatures and languages at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Jo Anne Kleifgen is professor of linguistics and education at Teachers College, Columbia University.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Emergent Bilingualsp. 1
What's in a Name?p. 3
This Bookp. 4
Study Questionsp. 5
Who Are the Emergent Bilinguals?p. 6
How Do We Know Who They Are?p. 6
How Many Are There?p. 8
How Are They Designated?p. 11
How Are They Reclassified?p. 12
Where Do They Live and Go to School?p. 13
What Languages do they Speak?p. 15
What Are Their Demographic Characteristics?p. 16
Do They Live in Homes Where English Is Spoken?p. 19
What Are Their Language Skills in English and Their Home Languages?p. 19
Who Are the Latinos?p. 20
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Knowing Who They Arep. 21
Study Questionsp. 21
Programs and Policies for Educating Emergent Bilingualsp. 23
Educational Programs for Emergent Bilingualsp. 23
A Brief History of Educational Policies for Emergent Bilingualsp. 28
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Understanding the Shifts in Programs and Policiesp. 36
Study Questionsp. 36
Language and Bilingualism: Theoretical Constructs and Empirical Evidencep. 37
Theoretical Language Constructsp. 37
Empirical Evidence on Achievement in Academic Englishp. 46
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Building on Dynamic Bilingualismp. 51
Study Questionsp. 52
Language and Bilingualism: Practicesp. 53
Inequitable Language/Literacy Practicesp. 53
Alternative Language/Literacy Practicesp. 58
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Incorporating Multilingual Pedagogiesp. 68
Study Questionsp. 68
Curriculum and Pedagogyp. 70
Theoretical Curricular and Pedagogical Constructsp. 71
Inequitable Curricular and Pedagogical Practicesp. 76
Alternative Curricular and Pedagogical Practicesp. 87
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Embracing Challenge and Carep. 90
Study Questionsp. 90
Involving Parents and Communitiesp. 92
Research and Theories on Parental and Community Involvementp. 93
Inequitable Practices in Parental and Community Involvementp. 96
Alternative Approaches to Parent and Community Engagementp. 98
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Recreating the School Communityp. 101
Study Questionsp. 102
Assessmentsp. 103
Theoretical Constructs in Assessmentp. 104
Inequitable Assessment Practicesp. 108
Alternative Assessment Practicesp. 111
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Accounting for Fair Assessmentp. 117
Study Questionsp. 117
Alternative Paths for Educating Emergent Bilingualsp. 119
What Have We Learned?p. 120
Signposts: Policy Recommendationsp. 124
Educating Emergent Bilinguals: Alternative Pathsp. 135
Notesp. 137
Referencesp. 143
Indexp. 165
About the Authorsp. 179
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