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An Effective Strategy for Safe Design in Engineering and Construction

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2022-01-31
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?



Practically and efficiently implement the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations in any project

In An Effective Strategy for Safe Design, safety and risk professionals David England and Dr Andy Painting provide a comprehensive exploration of the design process, from initial idea to the validation of the product in service, from a product and project safety perspective. In that context, the authors show how the appropriate implementation of the requirements of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 can not only improve health and safety on a project but can also improve the project’s output as well as offering savings in both capital and operational expenditure.

Readers will discover how the seemingly complex matters of regulation and risk management can be practically applied to projects via examples, illustrations, and real-world references. They will find out how safety regulation, standards, and initiatives all converge on the same goal—the safest output from any given project.

The book achieves three primary goals:

  • To improve the understanding and implementation of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015
  • To reduce errors during the design process via the effective implementation of design management strategy
  • To embed the concept of safety in design

Perfect for designers, design managers and supervisors, project managers, surveyors, and insurers, An Effective Strategy for Safe Design is also an invaluable addition to the libraries of principal designers, specifiers, and building control officers.

Author Biography

David England is a safety and risk consultant at Attis Engineering Solutions Ltd. He has extensive experience in the manufacturing, retail, logistics, central government, and military sectors.

Dr Andy Painting is founder of Attis Engineering Solutions Ltd (www.attis.org.uk). He has experience consulting in the safety and risk space in industries including the military and national defence, manufacturing, retail, logistics, and maritime trading.

Table of Contents

Figures ix

Tables xi

Foreword xiii

Introduction 1

Aims of the Book 1

Who the Book is For 2

How the Book is Structured 2

Promoting Safe Design 4

Example Case Studies 5

Nuclear Power Plant 6

Office Block 6

Warship 6

Home Printer 6

Motor Car 6

The Context of Design 7

Design and the Product Life Cycle 7

Influences on Design 9

Preventing Error 13

Safety as a Design Component 13

Introduction—Summary 15

Glossary of Terms 16

1 Elements of the Design Process 19

Initiating Need 19

Business Case 20

Requirements Capture 20

The Design Process 21

Design Feasibility 21

Design Specification 23

Full or Technical Design 23

Production Phase 24

Validating the Design 24

Lessons Learned 26

The Design Process—Summary 27

2 The Regulatory Environment 29

The Importance of Regulation in Design 29

Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 31

Environmental Protection Act 1990 34

Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM) 34

Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 40

CE Marking 41

Building Information Modelling 43

Standards 44

The “Four Cs” 46

How Construction Regulations Align with the Design Process 48

Benefits of Implementing CDM 48

Pre-construction Including Design 52

Construction Phase 53

Handover and Use 55

The Regulatory Environment—Summary 55

3 Design Process Considerations 57

Management Structure and Delegations 57

Client Relationship 58

Documentation and Management Systems 63

Communication and Dissemination 64

Project Management Methodologies 66

RIBA Plan of Work 67


Environmental Impact and the Circular Economy 69

The Circular Economy 72

Environmental Impact—A Footnote 74

Further Considerations 75

Provision of Materials and Manufacturing Techniques 75

Ergonomics and the Work Environment 76

Space 77

Air Quality 77

Light—Quality, Quantity, Colour Temperature 78

Green Spaces 78

Anthropometry 79

Spatial Design 79

Operating and Maintenance Procedures in Service 79

Training Provision 81

Obsolescence 82

Influences Surrounding the Product Life Cycle 84

Managing/Maintaining the Design Objective 86

Design Management—Summary 88

4 The Management of Risk 89

The Importance of Managing Risk 89

Risk Management Process 90

The Risk Register 92

Influences on Risk Management 93

Risk Appetite 95

External Influencing Factors 97

Control Measures 103

Risk Identification Tools 104

Failure Modes Effects (and Criticality) Analysis 105

Fault Tree Analysis 105

Event Tree Analysis 106

Probabilistic Risk Assessment 107

Bow Tie Method 107

General Principles of Prevention and the Hierarchy of Control 108

CDM Deliverables in Support of Risk Management 114

Pre-construction Information 115

Construction Phase Plan 116

Health and Safety File 117

Competently Dealing with Risk 118

Risk Management Summary 120

5 Effective Design Strategy 123

The Importance of an Effective Design Strategy 123

Initiating Need 125

Business Case 128

“Make/Buy” and “Do Nothing” Approaches 129

Key Stakeholder Engagement 130

Responsibilities 131

Design Risk Management 131

Requirements Capture 135

Initiating the Design Process 137

Management Structure and Delegations 139

Documentation and Management Systems 140

Pre-construction Information 141

Design Feasibility 144

Environmental and External Influences 146

Design A 148

Design B 148

Design C 149

Design D 149

General Principles of Prevention 150

Design Review—Feasibility 153

Additional Stakeholder Engagement 156

Supplier Engagement 157

User Requirements 158

Design Specification 160

Regulatory Environment 160

Operating and Maintaining 161

Design Review—Specification 163

Full/Technical Design 166

Design Review—Full 166

Construction Phase Plan 167

Production 170

Production Risk Management 171

Design Review—Validation 171

Acceptance/Handover 172

Health and Safety File 173

In Service 176

Risk Management in Service 177

Training Provision 178

Operation and Maintenance 180

Repurposing 181

Disposal 182

Disposal Risk Assessment 183

Bibliography 185

Index 187

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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