Elements of Argument : A Text and Reader

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2005-07-12
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Have you ever wished you could respond with skill and confidence to an argument you've read or heard? Have you ever wanted to present your ideas more forcefully? To be more logical and persuasive? To change people's minds? This book can help you do so. Elements of Argument presents a clear and effective method for learning to think and argue better, along with many thought-provoking essays on current topics. By reading these selections you'll be able to educate yourself on the issues as you sharpen your critical reading and thinking skills. Hundreds of thousands of students agree: Elements of Argument works. Book jacket.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructorsp. v
The Structure of Argumentp. 1
Understanding Argumentp. 3
The Nature of Argumentp. 3
Why Study Argument?p. 6
Why Write?p. 8
The Terms of Argumentp. 9
The Audiencep. 12
Assignments for Understanding Argumentp. 22
Responding to Argumentp. 25
Responding as a Critical Readerp. 26
Comprehending Argumentsp. 30
Evaluating Argumentsp. 31
Responding as a Writerp. 39
Responding as a Critical Listenerp. 44
Responding to a Visual Argumentp. 47
Responding Onlinep. 56
Documenting Your Sourcesp. 58
Assignments for Responding to Argumentp. 60
Definitionp. 62
The Purposes of Definitionp. 62
Defining the Terms in Your Argumentp. 64
Methods for Defining Termsp. 66
The Definition Essayp. 71
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 102
Assignments for Understanding Definitionp. 102
Claimsp. 104
Claims of Factp. 104
Claims of Valuep. 113
Claims of Policyp. 122
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 154
Assignments for Understanding Claimsp. 155
Supportp. 157
Types of Support: Evidence and Appeals to Needs and Valuesp. 157
Evidencep. 160
Evaluation of Evidencep. 166
Appeals to Needs and Valuesp. 173
Evaluation of Appeals to Needs and Valuesp. 179
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 217
Assignments for Understanding Supportp. 218
Warrantsp. 220
What Are Warrants?p. 220
Types of Warrantsp. 232
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 265
Assignments for Understanding Warrantsp. 266
Induction, Deduction, and Logical Fallaciesp. 269
Inductionp. 270
Deductionp. 274
A Note on the Syllogism and the Toulmin Modelp. 283
Common Fallaciesp. 285
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 310
Assignments for Understanding Induction, Deduction, and Logical Fallaciesp. 310
Language and Thoughtp. 314
The Power of Wordsp. 314
Connotationp. 316
Slantingp. 319
Picturesque Languagep. 330
Concrete and Abstract Languagep. 331
Short Cutsp. 335
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 368
Assignments for Understanding Language and Thoughtp. 369
Writing, Researching, and Presenting Argumentsp. 371
Writing an Argumentative Paperp. 373
Finding an Appropriate Topicp. 373
Defining the Issuesp. 376
Organizing the Materialp. 379
Writingp. 386
Revisingp. 391
Preparing the Manuscriptp. 392
Researching an Argumentative Paperp. 394
Getting Startedp. 394
Mapping Research: A Sample Outlinep. 396
Using Sources: Primary Researchp. 396
Using Sources: Secondary Researchp. 398
Evaluating Sourcesp. 405
Working with Sourcesp. 416
Compiling an Annotated Bibliographyp. 430
MLA System for Citing Publicationsp. 431
APA System for Citing Publicationsp. 453
Presenting an Argument Orallyp. 466
The Audiencep. 468
Credibilityp. 469
Organizationp. 470
Languagep. 473
Supportp. 475
Presentation Aidsp. 476
Multiple Viewpointsp. 481
How Far Will We Go to Change Our Body Image?p. 483
Thinking and Writing about Body Imagep. 512
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 513
How Has Terrorism Affected the American Idea of Justice?p. 514
Thinking and Writing about the Effect of Terrorism on the American Idea of Justicep. 554
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 555
What Is the Future of the Family?p. 557
Thinking and Writing about the Future of the Familyp. 578
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 579
Are Limits on Freedom of Speech Ever Justified?p. 580
Thinking and Writing about the Limits on Freedom of Speechp. 597
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 598
What Threats to Privacy Exist in the Information Age?p. 599
Thinking and Writing about Threats to Privacy in the Information Agep. 627
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 628
What Does the Future Hold for Sports?p. 629
Thinking and Writing about the Future of Sportsp. 655
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 656
Have We Become Too Reliant on Standardized Testing?p. 658
Thinking and Writing about Standardized Testingp. 690
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 691
What Is the Role of Sex and Violence in Popular Culture?p. 692
Thinking and Writing about Sex and Violence in Popular Culturep. 729
Taking the Debate Onlinep. 730
Classic Argumentsp. 733
Arguing about Literaturep. 817
The Elements of Fictionp. 818
The Elements of Dramap. 819
The Elements of Poetryp. 820
The Cultural Contextp. 822
Choosing What to Write Aboutp. 823
Guidelines for Writing the Paperp. 824
Sample Story and Analysis
Sample Play
Sample Poem
Glossaryp. 853
Index of Subjectsp. 857
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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