The Elements of Counseling

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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THE ELEMENTS OF COUNSELING provides readers with the framework for thinking about counseling in a simple, clear, and concise manner. This handy primer covers the basic components of counseling in an easy-to-use outline format, and uses counselor / client dialogues to frame the material in a 'real world' setting.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
About the Authorsp. xv
Setting the Stage: Counseling Processp. 1
Make personal contactp. 2
Develop a working alliancep. 2
Explain counseling to the clientp. 3
Pace and lead the clientp. 5
Speak brieflyp. 7
When you don't know what to say, say nothingp. 8
You may confront as much as you've supportedp. 9
If you want to change something, process itp. 9
Individualize your counselingp. 10
Notice resistancep. 11
When in doubt, focus on feelingsp. 12
Plan for termination at the beginning of counselingp. 14
Arrange the physical setting appropriatelyp. 15
Dress appropriatelyp. 15
Attend to physical spacep. 15
Conduct counseling in a quiet settingp. 16
Avoid interruptions and distractionsp. 16
Be promptp. 16
Invest in a box of tissuesp. 16
Remember confidentialityp. 16
Strategies to Assist Clients in Self-Explorationp. 19
Avoid advicep. 19
Avoid premature problem solvingp. 20
Avoid relying on questionsp. 21
Listen closely to what clients sayp. 22
Pay attention to nonverbalsp. 23
Focus on the clientp. 24
Be concretep. 25
Utilize metaphorsp. 26
Summarizep. 27
A Few Mistaken Assumptionsp. 29
Agreement does not equal empathyp. 29
Do not assume that change is simplep. 30
Positive thinking does not equal rational thinkingp. 30
Make psychological assessments, not moral judgmentsp. 31
Do not assume that you know clients' feelings, thoughts, and behaviorsp. 32
Do not assume that you know how clients react to their feelings, thoughts, and behaviorsp. 33
Important Topicsp. 35
Develop crisis intervention skillsp. 35
Take control of the situationp. 37
Determine the real clientp. 37
Emphasize strengthsp. 38
Mobilize social resourcesp. 38
Become culturally competentp. 39
Be open to group and family approachesp. 42
Learn about grief, loss, and traumap. 43
Refer carefullyp. 45
Watch for deterioration in clientsp. 46
Establish an interest in counseling researchp. 47
Document your workp. 48
Persevere with clients who no-showp. 48
Learn how to conceptualize clientsp. 49
Learn about managed carep. 51
Develop technology skillsp. 53
Counselor, Know Thyselfp. 56
Become aware of and address your personal issuesp. 56
How did you decide to become a counselor?p. 56
With what emotions are you uncomfortable?p. 57
What amount of progress is acceptable?p. 57
How will you deal with your clients' feelings toward you?p. 58
How will you handle your feelings for your clients?p. 58
Can you be flexible, accepting, and gentle?p. 59
Be open to supervisionp. 60
Don't hide behind testingp. 60
On ethical questions, consultp. 61
A Brief Introduction to Interventionp. 63
Basic counseling textsp. 64
Person-centered counselingp. 64
Behavioral counselingp. 65
Cognitive, cognitive/behavioral counseling, and social learning theoryp. 65
Gestalt counselingp. 67
Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic counselingp. 67
Existential counselingp. 68
Group counselingp. 68
Family/systems counselingp. 69
Multicultural counselingp. 70
Feminist therapyp. 70
Brief therapy and solution focused therapyp. 72
Integrative approachesp. 74
Narrative therapyp. 75
New and emerging approachesp. 77
Research on counseling and psychotherapyp. 78
Other important sourcesp. 80
Referencesp. 81
Indexp. 91
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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