Embodied Cognition

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-09-17
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Embodied cognition often challenges standard cognitive science. In this outstanding introduction Lawrence Shapiro sets out the central themes and debates surrounding embodied cognition, explaining and assessing the work of many of the key figures in the field, including Jerry Fodor, Hilary Putnam, Andy Clark and John Haugeland.Beginning with an outline of the theoretical and methodological commitments of standard cognitive science, Shapiro then examines philosophical arguments surrounding the traditional perspective. He introduces topics such as dynamic systems theory, vision, attention, memory, and language, before addressing core issues in philosophy of mind such as personal identity and reductionism.Including helpful chapter summaries and annotated further reading at the end of each chapter, Embodied Cognition is essential reading for all students of philosophy of mind and psychology, and cognitive science.

Author Biography

Lawrence Shapiro is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. His research currently focuses on the issues and debates around embodied cognition. He is editor [with Brie Gertler] of Arguing About the Mind [2007], also available from Routledge.

Table of Contents

List of illustrationsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introduction: Toward an Understanding of Embodied Cognitionp. 1
Standard Cognitive Sciencep. 7
Introductionp. 7
Newell and Simon's General Problem Solverp. 7
Descriptive Frameworksp. 9
Back to General Problem Solverp. 12
Sternberg's Analysis of Memory Scanningp. 14
The Computational Vision Programp. 20
The Solipsistic Viewp. 26
Summaryp. 27
Suggested Readingp. 27
Challenging Standard Cognitive Sciencep. 28
Introductionp. 28
Gibson's Ecological Theory of Perceptionp. 29
Structure in Lightp. 30
The Brain's Role in Visionp. 35
Hatfield's Noncognitive Computationalismp. 37
The Connectionist Challengep. 41
Summaryp. 48
Suggested Readingp. 50
Conceptions of Embodimentp. 51
Introductionp. 51
Varela, Thompson, and Rosch: World Buildingp. 52
Thelen: Representation Litep. 56
Clark: Thinking with the Bodyp. 61
Summaryp. 67
Suggested Readingp. 69
Embodied Cognition: The Conceptualization Hypothesisp. 70
Conceptualizationp. 70
Linguistic Determinismp. 71
The Linguistic Determination of Time Conceptionsp. 72
Sex With Syntaxp. 74
Concepts and Conceptionsp. 76
Testing Hypothesesp. 79
The Embodiment of Colorp. 81
Embodiment and Metaphorp. 86
Putting Lakoff and Johnson's Conceptualization Thesis to the Testp. 89
Second-Generation Cognitive Sciencep. 91
The Symbol Grounding Problemp. 95
The Indexical Hypothesisp. 98
Perceptual Symbolsp. 98
Affordancesp. 100
Meshingp. 101
Experimental Evidence for the Indexical Hypothesis: The Action-Sentence Compatibility Effectp. 102
Assessing the Indexical Hypothesisp. 104
Meaningfulness in Amodal Representationp. 104
Sensibility Judgmentsp. 106
Standard Cognitive Science and the Action-Sentence Compatibility Effectp. 107
The Body in the Brainp. 108
Summaryp. 112
Suggested Readingp. 113
Embodied Cognition: The Replacement Hypothesisp. 114
Replacementp. 114
Dynamical Systemsp. 116
Van Gelder's Dynamical Hypothesisp. 118
Explaining Watt's Centrifugal Governorp. 119
The Dynamics of Cognitionp. 124
Categorical Perception from a Dynamical Perspectivep. 127
Do Dynamical Explanations Explain?p. 133
Replacement and Roboticsp. 137
The Case for Representational Skepticismp. 141
Are There Representations in the Centrifugal Governor?p. 144
The Argument for Representational Skepticismp. 149
The "They're Not Representations!" Argument against Representationsp. 154
Summaryp. 156
Suggested Readingp. 157
Embodied Cognition: The Constitution Hypothesisp. 158
Constitutionp. 158
A Quick Refutation of Constitution? The Argument from Envatmentp. 161
Sensorimotor Theories of Perceptual Experiencep. 164
Constituents and Causesp. 170
More Than Just a Gesture?p. 173
Coupling and Constitutionp. 175
Extending Cognition Furtherp. 178
The Coupling-Constitution Fallacyp. 179
A Parity Argument for Constitutionp. 182
Against Parity-Meeting The Marks of the Cognitivep. 184
Mark I: Intrinsic Contentp. 186
Mark II: Causal Processesp. 189
Extended v. Embedded Cognitionp. 193
Whose Action is it Anyway?p. 197
Summaryp. 199
Suggested Readingp. 200
Concluding Thoughtsp. 201
Back to the Decision Treep. 201
Conceptualization and Standard Cognitive Sciencep. 202
Replacement and Standard Cognitive Sciencep. 206
Constitution and Standard Cognitive Sciencep. 208
The Final(?) Scorep. 210
Glossaryp. 211
Notesp. 221
Referencesp. 227
Indexp. 235
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