Energy : The World's Race for Resources in the 21st Century

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-09-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Chicago Pr
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The future of our energy supply is an explosive topic. Unprecedented population growth means that energy consumption will continue to rise dramatically in the future, significantly altering the balance of political power across the globe. Hermann-Josef Wagner warns us that the need to find alternative sources of energy is becoming ever more urgent.

Author Biography

Hermann-Josef Wagner is Head of the Energy Systems and Energy Economics Department and Director of the Institute of Energy at the Ruhr-University, Bochum. He specialises in energy economics and technology, and the main focus of his research is on regenerative energy and energy production of the future.

Table of Contents

Editor's Forewordp. ix
Forewordp. 1
The Different Faces of Energy
The Forms and Units of Energyp. 5
The Energy Chainp. 7
Energy Unitsp. 9
Nature's Energy Supplyp. 13
Coalp. 14
Oilp. 17
Natural Gasp. 20
Nuclear Fuelsp. 22
Renewable Energiesp. 24
Energy Consumption and Population Growth
Statistics on Today's Energy Consumptionp. 31
Energy Use Worldwidep. 36
Energy Consumption in Everyday Lifep. 38
Example: A Four-Person Household in Germanyp. 39
Comparison with Indiap. 44
The Poor and the Richp. 47
Does Energy Consumption Follow Population Growth?p. 52
The Division into "Prosperity Classes"p. 52
Growth of Energy Consumptionp. 54
Redistributionp. 57
Energy - A Commercial Product
Energy is a Commodityp. 63
Brown Coalp. 64
Hard Coalp. 64
Oilp. 67
The Role of OPECp. 69
Oil as a Source of Tax Revenuesp. 73
Oil from the Consumer's Point of Viewp. 74
Natural Gasp. 76
The Special Features of Grid-Bound Energy Sourcesp. 78
Decontrol Shapes the Marketsp. 78
Commodity-Exchange Tradingp. 82
Integrated Grid Systemsp. 83
Electric Power in Developing Countriesp. 83
The State Steps Inp. 84
What Does Electricity Cost?p. 86
The Run on Energy Stocks
The Race for Deposit Areasp. 93
The Geography of Deposit Areasp. 93
Technological Problems of Accessp. 97
Economic Problems of Accessp. 99
Geographical Problems of Accessp. 103
Political Problems of Accessp. 104
The Oil Will Be Used Up Within Forty Yearsp. 108
Energy Use and the Environment
Energy Conversion Creates Air Pollutionp. 119
Pollution and Types of Environmental Damagep. 119
How They Get to Usp. 123
Air Pollutants and Their Effectsp. 124
Successes in Emissions Reductionp. 129
Successes in Air-Pollution Control in Industrialized Countriesp. 132
The Emerging-Market Countries Followp. 133
Air-Pollution Control Costs Moneyp. 134
Controlling Greenhouse Gasesp. 135
Waste Heat and Greenhouse Gasesp. 137
Waste Heatp. 137
Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gasesp. 138
National and International Policiesp. 143
The Cost of CO2 Reductionp. 147
A Ray of Hope: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energies
Saving Energyp. 153
Past Successesp. 155
Possibilities for Improved Economy and Efficiencyp. 156
The Conflict between Consumer Behavior and Energy Efficiencyp. 163
Hydroelectric Power and Biomassp. 166
Hydroelectric Powerp. 167
Biomassp. 172
Solar and Wind Energyp. 178
Solar Panelsp. 178
Solar Power Stationsp. 180
Photovoltaicsp. 183
Wind Powerp. 188
Energy Use Is an Ethical Question
Energy Supply - The Key Questionp. 199
The Choice of Energy Sourcesp. 201
The Time Framep. 206
On the Way to the Energy World of the Future
Modeling Games for Tomorrowp. 211
Scenarios and Forecastsp. 211
Worldwide Considerationsp. 212
Expectations for the Futurep. 213
Components of the Energy Mixp. 217
Power Stationsp. 219
Heat Productionp. 221
Transportationp. 221
Nuclear Powerp. 222
Cogeneration of Heat and Powerp. 223
Renewable Energies and Measures for Increased Energy Efficiencyp. 224
Hydrogenp. 224
Geothermal Energyp. 226
Storagep. 227
Energy Transfer over Large Areasp. 227
Centralized vs. Decentralizedp. 228
The Challenge of Energy - Using our Opportunities
The Factsp. 233
Renewable Energies - Our Hope for the Futurep. 236
Using Less Energy in the Futurep. 238
Cheap Energy is Running Lowp. 240
A Look to the Futurep. 242
Glossaryp. 245
Bibliographyp. 251
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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