9780130808998

Essentials of Criminal Justice and Criminology Research Explanations and Exercises

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780130808998

  • ISBN10:

    0130808997

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1998-06-26
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

This practical book strives to develop its readers into informed consumers of criminal justice-based research. It covers the essentials found in leading criminal justice and criminology research texts, but avoids their lengthy explanations and technical jargon. In their place, Lasley presents clear, to-the-point descriptions and illustrations of the techniques needed to determine the strengths and weaknesses of criminal justice and criminology research.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1 MODULE The Scientific Method in Criminal Justice Research
1(12)
The Scientific Method
1(1)
Problem Identification
2(1)
Theory Building
2(1)
Hypothesis Formation
2(1)
Hypothesis Testing
3(1)
Specific and General Conclusions
3(1)
A Note on Research Objectivity
3(2)
Exercises
5(8)
2 MODULE Applied vs. Basic Criminal Justice Research
13(12)
Basic Research in Criminal Justice
13(1)
Applied Research in Criminal Justice
14(3)
Exercises
17(8)
3 MODULE Library Resources and Literature in Criminal Justice
25(16)
Academic Journals
25(1)
The Peer Review Process
26(1)
Books
27(1)
Government Documents
27(1)
Trade Journals
28(1)
Reference Materials
28(1)
Indexes
29(1)
Citation Format
29(1)
Journal
29(1)
Book
30(1)
Chapter in Edited Book
30(1)
Government Document
30(1)
Exercises
31(10)
4 MODULE Putting the Scientific Method into Action
41(12)
Independent and Dependent Variables
41(1)
Variable Attributes
42(1)
Directional Hypothesis and Relationships
42(1)
Nondirectional Hypothesis
42(1)
Operational Definitions
43(2)
Exercises
45(8)
5 MODULE Research Designs
53(10)
The Importance of Research Designs
53(1)
Reliability and Validity
53(1)
Extraneous Variables
54(1)
Types of Research Design
55(1)
The Power of Research Designs
56(1)
Cross Sectional vs. Longitudinal Studies
56(1)
Exercises
57(6)
6 MODULE The Criminal Justice Experiment
63(18)
Components of the Experiment
63(1)
Random Assignment
63(2)
The Control Group
65(1)
The Experimental Group
66(1)
The Treatment
66(1)
The Basic Experiment
66(1)
Putting the Pieces Together
67(4)
Blinded Experiments
71(2)
Exercises
73(8)
7 MODULE Quasi-Experiments and Time Series
81(14)
What is a Quasi-Experiment?
81(1)
Time Series Analysis and True Experiments
82(2)
Internal Invalidity Issues
84(2)
How to Protect Against Internal Invalidity
86(1)
Nonequivalent Groups and Matching
86(1)
Exercises
87(8)
8 MODULE The Criminal Justice Nonexperiment
95(14)
What are Nonexperimental Designs
95(1)
The Value of Nonexperimental Designs: Description
96(1)
The Hazards of Nonexperimental Designs: Causation
96(1)
Spurious Effects and Intervening Variable Effects
97(1)
Example One: Crime and the Moon
97(1)
Example Two: Intervening Variable Effects
97(2)
Path Models and Diagramming
99(1)
What About Statistical Controls?
100(1)
Exercises
101(8)
9 MODULE Surveys, Part I: Asking Questions about Criminal Justice Issues
109(14)
Survey Questions Must Relate to Your Hypothesis
109(1)
How to Word Survey Questions
110(5)
Exercises
115(8)
10 MODULE Surveys, Part II: Providing Answers to Survey Questions
123(12)
Open-ended Responses
123(1)
Closed-ended Responses
124(2)
Scales
126(1)
How Many Points to Use
127(1)
Responses to Difficult Questions
127(2)
Exercises
129(6)
11 MODULE Surveys, Part III: Putting Criminal Justice Surveys Together
135(12)
Types of Surveys
135(1)
Group Questions According to Common Themes
136(1)
Ordering Questions Within Themes
137(1)
The Ordering of Theme Categories
138(1)
The Overall Appearance
139(1)
Methods That Save Space
139(1)
Filtering Questions
139(2)
Exercises
141(6)
12 MODULE Surveys, Part IV: Completing and Distributing Surveys
147(12)
Packaging the Survey
147(2)
Distributing the Survey
149(1)
Posting Your Survey
150(1)
A Note on Response Error
150(3)
Exercises
153(6)
13 MODULE Sampling
159(14)
Introduction to Sampling
159(1)
What is a Sample?
160(1)
What is a Population?
160(1)
Probability Sampling and Nonprobability Sampling
160(1)
Random Selection and Probability Sampling
160(1)
Methods of Probability Sampling
161(3)
Sample Size
164(1)
Exercises
165(8)
14 MODULE Conducting Ethical Criminal Justice Research
173(12)
Ethics and the Objectives of Criminal Justice Research
173(1)
The Principles of Ethical Criminal Justice Research
174(3)
A Note on Covert Research
177(2)
Exercises
179(6)
Research Abstracts
185(4)
Intensive Probation Study
185(1)
Interpersonal Distance Study
185(1)
Climate and Assaultive Behavior Study
186(1)
Prison Execution and Death Penalty Study
186(1)
Reporting Mode Study
186(1)
Drunk Driving Law Study
187(1)
Prosecuting Attorney Study
187(1)
Police Patrol Study
187(1)
Drive-By Shooting Study
188(1)
F.B.I. Agent Study
188(1)
Index 189

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