Ethical and Legal Issues for Imaging Professionals

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-03-06
  • Publisher: Mosby Inc

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Balancing coverage of the law and ethics, this book will help you make knowledgeable decisions about patient care. It examines the many issues that affect you as an imaging professional and applies them to real-world situations. By studying topics such as patient autonomy and informed consent, truthfulness and confidentiality, and death and dying, you'll learn to apply your own values, common sense, and applicable health law to solve challenging dilemmas.

Table of Contents

Ethical and Legal Foundationsp. 1
Ethical Issuesp. 2
Historyp. 4
Valuesp. 4
Professionalismp. 8
Ethical Schools of Thoughtp. 9
Ethical Modelsp. 10
Patients' Rightsp. 12
Legal Issuesp. 14
The Lawp. 15
The Lawsuitp. 17
Risk Managementp. 19
Quality Assurancep. 19
Principles of Beneficence and Nonmaleficencep. 27
Ethical Issuesp. 28
Proportionalityp. 29
Beneficencep. 30
Nonmaleficencep. 30
Differences Between Beneficence and Nonmaleficencep. 31
Medical Indications Involving Principles of Beneficence and Nonmaleficencep. 31
Justicep. 31
Contractual Agreementsp. 33
Surrogate Obligationsp. 33
Imaging Professional's Rolep. 34
Patient's Rolep. 35
Legal Issuesp. 35
Standard of Carep. 35
Negligencep. 38
Methods to Decrease Riskp. 39
Caring and Communicationp. 54
Ethical Issuesp. 55
Definition of Caringp. 56
Professional Carep. 58
Examples of Caring and Communicationp. 61
Legal Issuesp. 62
Health Literacyp. 63
Caringp. 66
Patient Autonomy and Informed Consentp. 72
Ethical Issuesp. 74
Definition of Autonomyp. 75
Patient Care Partnershipp. 75
Information Deliveryp. 76
Complications of Autonomy, Informed Consent, and Right of Refusalp. 77
Verfication of Informed Consentp. 77
Cometence and Incompetence Surrogacyp. 79
Obstacles to Autonomy and Informed Consentp. 79
Respect for Autonomyp. 80
Therapeutic Privilegep. 81
Emergency Situationsp. 81
Competence and Advance Directivesp. 81
Application of Ethical Theories to Autonomyp. 81
Legal Issuesp. 82
Tort Lawp. 83
Simple Consentp. 83
Intentional Tortsp. 83
Unintentional Tortsp. 84
Informed Consentp. 85
Truthfulness and Confidentialityp. 95
Ethical Issuesp. 96
Truthfulness and Veracityp. 96
Right to the Truthp. 98
Confidentialityp. 99
Obligatory Secretsp. 99
Exceptions to Confidentialityp. 100
Confidentiality and AIDSp. 101
Legal Issuesp. 101
HIPAAp. 102
Patient Authorizationp. 103
Statutory Disclosurep. 104
Duty to Warn Third Partiesp. 104
AIDS and HIVp. 106
Patient Access to Medical Recordsp. 108
Torts Regarding Confidentialityp. 108
Death and Dyingp. 116
Ethical Issuesp. 117
Value of Lifep. 118
Definitions of Deathp. 119
The Patientp. 119
Sanctity of Human Lifep. 119
Suicidep. 119
Imaging Professionals and Suicidep. 121
Euthanasiap. 121
Patients' Rights Regarding Euthanasiap. 123
Advance Directives and Surrogatesp. 124
Quality of Lifep. 124
Ethics Committees and Services for Patients with Terminal Illnessesp. 125
Family in Death and Dyingp. 126
Legal Issuesp. 126
Definitions of Deathp. 126
Determination of Deathp. 127
Directivesp. 129
Physician-Assisted Suicidep. 130
Competence and Life-Sustaining Treatmentp. 131
No-Code Ordersp. 132
Living Willsp. 133
Durable Powers of Attorney for Health Care Decisionsp. 134
Family Consent Lawsp. 135
Uniform Health Care Decisions Actp. 135
Absence of Advance Directivesp. 136
Patient in a Persistent Vegetative Statep. 136
Patients Who Have Never Been Competentp. 137
Health Care Distributionp. 142
Ethical Issuesp. 143
Biomedical Ethical Challengep. 144
Rights and Health Carep. 144
Scarcity and Distributionp. 145
Distribution Allocation Groupsp. 145
Distribution Theoriesp. 145
Distribution Decision-Making Criteriap. 148
Traditional Carep. 149
Health Care Delivery Model and Managed Carep. 150
Patient-Focused Carep. 150
Quality and Cost Effectivenessp. 152
Imaging Professionals' Participationp. 152
Legal Issuesp. 154
Access to Medical Carep. 154
Health Care Costsp. 154
Managed Carep. 155
History of Managed Care Organizationsp. 158
Legislation and Regulation of Managed Carep. 160
Institute of Medicine and Risk Managed Carep. 161
Medicare and Medicaidp. 161
Patient-Focused Carep. 162
Impact on the Imaging Professionalp. 163
Student and Employee Rights and Responsibilitiesp. 171
Ethical Issuesp. 172
Ethical Theoriesp. 173
Modelsp. 175
Autonomy and Informed Decisionsp. 176
Truthfulness and Confidentialityp. 178
Justicep. 179
Valuesp. 180
Legal Issuesp. 182
Contract Lawp. 182
Due Processp. 183
Substantive Due Processp. 183
Procedural Due Processp. 184
JRCERT Due Process Standardsp. 185
Whistleblowingp. 186
Malpractice Liability Insurancep. 188
Employee Rightsp. 189
Exceptionsp. 189
Diversityp. 196
Ethical Issuesp. 197
Diversity Definedp. 198
Diversity and Ethicsp. 201
Diversity and Values,p. 203
Legal Issuesp. 203
Institute of Medicine Reportp. 203
Cultural and Linguistic Competencyp. 207
Mandates Regarding Discrimination and Cultural Diversityp. 207
What Does Cultural and Linguistic Competency Mean to the Radiologic Technologist?p. 209
Antidiscrimination Statutes in Employment Situationsp. 210
Antidiscrimination Statutes in Patient Treatment Situationsp. 216
Overview of New Technology and Future Challengesp. 224
Ethical Issuesp. 226
Imaging's Example for Health Care in the 21st Centuryp. 227
New Technologiesp. 227
Biomedical Researchp. 227
Imaging Professionals' Obligation to Researchp. 228
Ethics of Interpretation of Imaging Procedures and Testingp. 229
Ethical Dilemmas of Transplantsp. 230
New Reproductive Methodsp. 232
Humane Genome Projectp. 233
Continuous Quality Improvement and Quality Assurancep. 234
Advanced Education and Responsibilityp. 234
Ethics Committeesp. 235
Preparing for the Futurep. 237
Legal Issuesp. 237
Technologic Advances Causing Legal and Ethical Havocp. 237
Law into the Futurep. 239
Legal Issues with the Human Genome Projectp. 240
New Technology and the Law for Imaging Professionalsp. 241
Glossaryp. 247
Code of Ethicsp. 254
Sample Documentation Formsp. 273
Patient Safety and Privacy Resourcesp. 278
Answers to Chapter Review Questionsp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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