The European Union How Does it Work?

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-20
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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The European Union: How Does it Work'is the perfect introduction to the EU's structure and operations for those coming to the subject for the first time. Leading scholars and practitioners cut through the complexity to explain how the EU really works and why it matters. The third edition of this successful textbook has been updated in light of the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the effects of the financial crisis on the Eurozone. It includes three new chapters, on the policy-making process, democracy in the EU, and EU internal and external security. Student understanding of the main actors, policies and developments is aided by the inclusion of helpful learning features throughout the text.The European Union: How Does it Workis also supported by an Online Resource Centre with the following features: For students: - Multiple choice questions - Flash card glossary For registered adopters of the textbook - Seminar questions and activities - PowerPointRG presentations

Author Biography

Elizabeth Bomberg is Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations and member of the Europa Institute at the University of Edinburgh John Peterson is Professor of International Politics and member of the Europa Institute at the University of Edinburgh Richard Corbett served as a Member of the European Parliament from 1996 to 2009. He is currently the advisor on institutional issues to the President of the European Council

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgementsp. xiii
List of Figuresp. xv
List of Boxesp. xvi
List of Tablesp. xiii
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. xix
List of Contributorsp. xxii
Map: The European Union's Member Statesp. xxiii
Guided Tour of the Textbook Featuresp. xxiv
Guided Tour of the Online Resource Centrep. xxvi
Introductionp. 3
Studying the EUp. 4
Why bother?p. 6
Understanding the EU: Theory and Conceptual Toolsp. 10
International relations approachesp. 11
A comparative politics approachp. 12
A public policy approachp. 13
A sociological/cultural approachp. 14
Themesp. 15
Experimentation and changep. 15
Power-sharing and consensusp. 17
Scope and capacityp. 18
Chapter Layoutp. 19
Discussion Questionsp. 20
Further Readingp. 20
Web Linksp. 21
How Did We Get Here?p. 23
Introductionp. 24
Post-war Settlementp. 25
Schuman Planp. 27
European Defence Communityp. 29
European Communityp. 30
Consolidating the European Communityp. 32
Crisis and compromisep. 34
The EC after De Gaullep. 35
Difficult decadep. 35
The Emerging European Unionp. 36
Economic and Monetary Unionp. 37
Maastricht and beyondp. 38
Post-Cold war enlargement and constitution buildingp. 39
Conclusionp. 41
Discussion Questionsp. 42
Further Readingp. 42
Web Linksp. 43
Major Actors
The EU's Institutionsp. 47
Institutions in Treaties and in Practicep. 48
The European Commissionp. 48
Tasks and powersp. 48
How the Commission is organizedp. 49
The Council (of Ministers)p. 54
Vice President of the Commission/High Representative for Foreign & Security Policyp. 55
The Council Presidencyp. 56
Voting in the Councilp. 57
Coreperp. 59
European Council (of Heads of State or Government)p. 60
The European Parliamentp. 61
The powers of the EPp. 63
European Court of Justicep. 64
Why Institutions Matterp. 67
Experimentation and changep. 68
Power-sharing and consensusp. 68
Scope and capacityp. 69
Conclusionp. 70
Discussion Questionsp. 72
Further Readingp. 72
Web Linksp. 72
Member Statesp. 74
Introductionp. 75
Six Determining Featuresp. 76
Entry datep. 76
Sizep. 78
Wealthp. 81
State structurep. 83
Economic ideologyp. 83
Integration preferencep. 84
Member States in Actionp. 89
Managing EU Businessp. 90
Explaining Member States' Engagementp. 91
Conclusionp. 93
Discussion Questionsp. 94
Further Readingp. 94
Web Linksp. 95
Policies and Policy-making
Key Policiesp. 99
Introductionp. 100
Key Features of EU Policiesp. 102
Differences between national and EU policiesp. 102
The primacy of economic integrationp. 107
'Market-building' Policiesp. 107
Competition policyp. 109
Commercial (trade) policyp. 109
Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)p. 110
'Market-correcting' and 'Cushioning' Policiesp. 112
Common Agricultural Policyp. 112
Cohesion policyp. 113
Environmental and social regulationp. 115
Comparing EU Policy Typesp. 116
Conclusionp. 118
Discussion Questionsp. 119
Further Readingp. 119
Web Linksp. 120
How Policies Are Madep. 122
Introductionp. 123
The Basicsp. 123
Parliamentp. 123
Councilp. 125
How the EU Legislatesp. 126
Deciding, not legislatingp. 127
Preparing Commission Proposalsp. 130
Interest Representation and Lobbyingp. 132
Types of actorp. 134
Organized Interests at Workp. 136
European institutions' responsesp. 136
Conclusionp. 137
Discussion Questionsp. 139
Further Readingp. 139
Web Linksp. 140
Democracy in the European Unionp. 141
Democracy Beyond the State?p. 142
Legislating through Representative Assembliesp. 143
How representative are the Parliament and the Council?p. 145
Involving national parliamentsp. 147
Separation of Powersp. 148
Executive Accountabilityp. 150
Respecting Fundamental Rightsp. 154
Political Partiesp. 154
Conclusionp. 156
Discussion Questionsp. 157
Further Readingp. 157
Web Linksp. 158
The EU and The Wider World
EU Expansion and Wider Europep. 161
Introductionp. 162
Widening versus deepeningp. 162
Enlargement as soft powerp. 164
An institutional paradoxp. 164
How the EU has Expandedp. 166
Why countries want to joinp. 168
Recent enlargementsp. 171
Prospective Membersp. 173
Balkan countriesp. 173
Turkeyp. 174
Iceland, Norway, and Switzerlandp. 176
Wider Europep. 176
European Neighbourhood Policyp. 176
What Limits for the EU?p. 178
What is Europe?p. 179
Evaluating Enlargementp. 181
Conclusionp. 182
Discussion Questionsp. 182
Further Readingp. 182
Web Linksp. 183
The EU as a Security Actorp. 185
Introducing European Security Policyp. 186
How it developedp. 188
The basicsp. 190
The EU and International Securityp. 191
The Common Security and Defence Policyp. 193
Internal Securityp. 195
Theorizing the EU as a Security Actorp. 199
Conclusionp. 201
Discussion Questionsp. 201
Further Readingp. 202
Web Linksp. 202
The EU as a Global Actorp. 203
Introducing European Foreign Policyp. 204
How it developedp. 205
The basicsp. 206
A National 'System' of Foreign Policiesp. 210
The Community Systemp. 211
Commercial (trade) policyp. 211
Aid and developmentp. 212
Externalizing internal policiesp. 215
The Common Foreign and Security Policyp. 216
Theorizing the EU as a Global Actorp. 218
Conclusionp. 220
Discussion Questionsp. 221
Further Readingp. 221
Web Linksp. 222
Conclusionp. 224
Introductionp. 225
Three Themesp. 225
Experimentation and changep. 225
Sharing power and seeking consensusp. 226
Scope and capacityp. 228
Explaining the EUp. 229
International relations approachesp. 230
A comparative politics approachp. 230
A public policy approachp. 231
A sociological/cultural approachp. 232
Where Do We Go From Here?p. 233
Debating the future of Europep. 233
How will it work?p. 234
Conclusionp. 236
Appendix: Chronology of European Integrationp. 238
Glossaryp. 242
Referencesp. 248
Indexp. 261
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