Experimental Researches in Electricity

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-07-15
  • Publisher: Dover Publications

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Michael Faraday (17911867) was the greatest physicist of the 19th century, a pioneer in the fields of electricity and magnetism. He is best known for his discovery of the principle of electromagnetic induction and the laws of electrolysis. In Experimental Researches in Electricity, first published in three volumes between 1839 and 1855, Faraday discusses the inquiries that led to his development of the first dynamo (the precursor of modern dynamos and generators), and his establishment of the foundations of classical field theory. His descriptions contain scarcely a word of mathematics, and he relates the progress of his experiments in direct, clear language. 1914 ed. 80 figures.

Author Biography

Michael Faraday: An Electric Personality
A major figure in nineteenth-century science, Michael Faraday (1791–1867) made immense contributions to the study of electricity and magnetism, discovering the laws of electromagnetic induction and electrolysis. His experiments are the foundation of subsequent electromagnetic technology. He also had a sense of humor. When the Prime Minister of England William Gladstone asked Faraday what the usefulness of electricity would be, Faraday famously replied, "Why, Sir, there is every possibility that you will soon be able to tax it!" In addition to being a great experimenter, Faraday had the gift of exposition for a popular audience, as seen in the books which Dover has reprinted, The Forces of Matter (2010), Experimental Researches in Electricity (2004), and perhaps his most famous single book for the general reader, The Chemical History of a Candle (2003).

It is reliably reported that Einstein had a photograph of Faraday on the wall of his study alongside portraits of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell.

In the Author's Own Words:
"The world little knows how many of the thoughts and theories which have passed through the mind of a scientific investigator have been crushed in silence and secrecy by his own severe criticism and adverse examination: that in the most successful instances not a tenth of the suggestions, the hopes, the wishes, the preliminary conclusions have been realized." — Michael Faraday

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Biographical Notep. vii
Identity of Electricities from Different Sourcesp. 1
Voltaic Electricityp. 3
Ordinary Electricityp. 7
Magneto-Electricityp. 22
Thermo-Electricityp. 24
Animal Electricityp. 24
Relation by Measure of Common and Voltaic Electricityp. 27
New Law of Electric Conductionp. 32
On Conducting Power generallyp. 41
Electro-chemical Decompositionp. 47
New Conditions of Electro-chemical Decompositionp. 48
Influence of Water in such Decompositionp. 54
Theory of Electro-chemical Decompositionp. 55
Power of Platina, etc., to induce Combinationp. 84
Electro-chemical Decomposition--Continued (Nomenclature)p. 111
Some General Conditions of Electro-chemical Decompositionp. 115
Volta-electrometerp. 122
Primary and Secondary Resultsp. 133
Definite Nature and Extent of Electrochemical Forcesp. 145
Absolute Quantity of Electricity in the Molecules of Matterp. 163
Electricity of the Voltaic Pilep. 172
Simple Voltaic Circlesp. 172
Electrolytic Intensityp. 203
Associated Voltaic Circles; or Batteryp. 211
Resistance of an Electrolyte to Decompositionp. 218
General Remarks on the Active Batteryp. 226
On the Source of Power in the Voltaic Pilep. 232
Exciting Electrolytes being Good Conductorsp. 238
Inactive Conducting Circles containing an Electrolytep. 241
Active Circles containing Sulphuret of Potassiump. 259
On the Source of Power in the Voltaic Pile--Continuedp. 271
The Exciting Chemical Force affected by Temperaturep. 271
The Exciting Chemical Force affected by Dilutionp. 284
Differences in the Order of the Metallic Elements of Voltaic Circlesp. 295
Active Voltaic Circles and Batteries without Metallic Contactp. 298
Considerations of the Sufficiency of Chemical Actionp. 302
Thermo-electric Evidencep. 308
Improbable Nature of the Assumed Contact Forcep. 312
On a Peculiar Voltaic Condition of Iron (Schoenbein)p. 317
On a Peculiar Voltaic Condition of Iron (Faraday)p. 321
Indexp. 333
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