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Families, Schools and Communities : Working Together for Children,9780766802575
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Families, Schools and Communities : Working Together for Children

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780766802575

ISBN10:
0766802574
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/29/1999
Publisher(s):
Thomson Delmar Learning
List Price: $74.33
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Summary

Discover how to put three major theories for partnering families and communities with schools into actual practice. People involved in early childhood education will appreciate this in-depth discussion of Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory, the contextualist theory, and the family systems theory. In addition, this book includes many practical and current examples for forming these important partnerships in educational programs for children from birth to age eight.

Table of Contents

Foreword xi
Preface xv
PART I: Understanding Families
A Theory-Based Approach to Family Involvement in Early Childhood Education
3(18)
The Importance of Families in Children's Lives
4(10)
Contextualist Theories
4(2)
Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Theory
6(3)
Vygotsky's Dialectical Theory
9(1)
Family Systems Theory
10(4)
Implications for Practice in Early Childhood Education
14(3)
Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP)
14(1)
National Accreditation Guidelines
15(1)
Family Support Movement
16(1)
Summary and Conclusions
17(1)
Key Terms
17(1)
Applications
18(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
18(1)
Field Assignments
19(1)
References
19(2)
Understanding Family Diversity
21(28)
Systems Theories and Family Differences
22(1)
Ways in Which Families Are Different
23(19)
Ethnicity, Race, and Culture
23(5)
Economic Differences in Families
28(3)
Gender Role Identity
31(8)
Families and Religiosity
39(2)
Geographic Region
41(1)
Application to Early Childhood Education Programs
42(2)
Celebrating Diversity
42(1)
Inclusiveness
43(1)
Ethical Considerations
44(1)
Relating These Factors to Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP)
44(1)
Accreditation Guidelines
44(1)
Family Support Principles
44(1)
Summary and Conclusions
45(1)
Key Terms
45(1)
Applications
45(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
45(1)
Field Assignments
46(1)
References
46(3)
Developmental Issues in Families with Young Children
49(22)
Theoretical Foundation
50(2)
Bioecological Theory
50(1)
Family Systems Theory
51(1)
Family Issues
52(14)
Transition to Parenthood
52(1)
Sibling Relationships
53(3)
Work and Family
56(5)
Child Care
61(1)
Extended Family Relationships
62(4)
Practical and Ethical Considerations
66(1)
Family Support Principles
66(1)
Code of Ethical Conduct
66(1)
Summary and Conclusions
67(1)
Key Terms
67(1)
Applications
67(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
68(1)
Field Assignments
68(1)
References
68(3)
Family Strengths, Family Functions, and Family Structure
71(22)
Introduction
72(4)
Defining Family Strengths, Functions, and Structure
72(2)
Bioecological Theory
74(1)
Family Systems Theory
74(2)
Family Strengths
76(2)
What Makes a Family Strong?
76(1)
What Factors Support Family Strengths?
77(1)
Resilient Children
77(1)
Family Functions
78(4)
Historical and Contemporary Purposes of Families
78(2)
Causes of Change in Family Functions
80(1)
Family Law
81(1)
Family Structure
82(3)
Variations in Family Form
82(2)
The Meaning of Birth Order
84(1)
Application of Chapter Information
85(4)
Family Support
85(1)
Early Childhood Programs
86(1)
Partnership for Family Involvement in Education
86(3)
Summary and Conclusions
89(1)
Key Terms
89(1)
Applications
89(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
90(1)
Field Assignments
90(1)
References
91(2)
Parenting
93(24)
Bioecological Theory
94(2)
What Affects Parenting?
94(1)
Microsystem Effects
95(1)
Exosystem and Macrosystem Effects
95(1)
Chronosystem Effects
95(1)
Various Ways to Parenthood
96(5)
Biological
96(1)
Blended Families
97(1)
Adoption
97(2)
Grandparents As Parents
99(2)
High-Tech Alternatives
101(1)
Responsibilities of Parenthood
101(4)
Financial
101(1)
Nurturance and Child Care
102(2)
Attachment and Socialization
104(1)
Building and Maintaining Relationships
104(1)
Character Education and Spirituality
104(1)
Collaborating with Societal Institutions
105(1)
Ways of Parenting
105(3)
Authoritative
105(1)
Permissive
106(1)
Authoritarian
107(1)
Mothers and Fathers
108(1)
Differences in Parenting
108(1)
Capabilities of Mothers and Fathers
108(1)
Parenting Beliefs
109(3)
Child Development and the Role of Children in Families
109(2)
Interactions with Early Childhood Educators
111(1)
Summary and Conclusions
112(1)
Key Terms
113(1)
Applications
113(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
114(1)
Field Assignments
114(1)
References
114(3)
Family Stress
117(30)
Family Systems Theory
118(1)
The Circumplex Model and Family Coping
118(1)
Horizontal Stressors
119(1)
Families and Unpredictable Stressors
119(20)
Family Violence
119(1)
High Level of Conflict Inherent to Family Life
119(1)
Gender and Age Differences
119(1)
Involuntary Membership
120(1)
Family Privacy
120(1)
Increasing Conflict Leads to Violence
120(1)
Gender Inequality
120(1)
Society's Sanction of Violence
121(1)
Early Training in Family Violence
121(1)
Multiple Causes
121(1)
A Particular Form of Family Violence: Child Abuse
121(5)
Resources for Information about Child Abuse and Neglect
126(2)
Substance Abuse in Families
128(1)
Homeless Families
129(1)
Resources for Working with Homeless Families
130(1)
Families and Children with Disabilities
131(4)
Families and Children with Serious Illness
135(3)
Immigrant Families
138(1)
The Role of Early Childhood Educators
139(1)
Summary and Conclusions
140(1)
Key Terms
140(1)
Applications
140(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
141(1)
Field Assignments
141(1)
References
141(6)
PART II: Practice
A Family-Based Philosophy in Early Childhood Education
147(28)
Rationale for a Family-Based Philosophy in Early Childhood Education
148(7)
The Example Set by Head Start
149(2)
Families in a Democracy
151(1)
Rights and Responsibilities of Parents
152(1)
Continuity
152(1)
From Home to School
152(1)
Transitions during the Day
152(3)
Transitioning from Preschool to Kindergarten
155(1)
Family Support
155(3)
Responsibilities of Home and School
155(2)
Empowering Parents
157(1)
Linking Parents and Teachers
158(2)
Parents as Consumers of Children's Education
158(1)
Supporting School Policy and Families
159(1)
A Framework for School, Family, and Community Partnerships
160(2)
National Standards from the PTA
162(1)
Professionalism in Family-Based Early Education
163(1)
Embracing Diversity
164(4)
Observing and Appreciating Differences
164(2)
Anti-bias Curriculum
166(2)
Understanding That Many Ways of Relating to Children Can Serve Them Well
168(1)
Evaluating the Family Involvement Component in Early Education
168(3)
Summary and Conclusions
171(1)
Key Terms
172(1)
Applications
172(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
172(1)
Field Assignments
172(1)
References
173(2)
Family-Staff Relationships
175(26)
Building Relationships
176(4)
Attitudes
176(2)
Practices
178(1)
Written Communication
178(1)
Communication In-Person
178(2)
Ongoing Communication
180(15)
One-Way Communication
180(1)
Newsletters
180(1)
Notes
181(1)
Announcements
182(1)
Daily Information Sheets
182(1)
Two-Way Communication
183(1)
Planned Conferences
184(1)
Unplanned Conferences
185(1)
Phone Calls
186(1)
Journaling
187(1)
Electronic Mail
188(1)
Home Visits
188(1)
Effective Interpersonal Communication
189(1)
Active Listening
189(1)
Reflecting
190(1)
I-Messages and We-Messages
190(2)
Nonverbal Communication
192(1)
Guidelines for Giving and Receiving Criticism
193(2)
Assertiveness versus Aggression
195(1)
Conflict Resolution
195(2)
Some Ineffective and Inappropriate Practices to Avoid in Interpersonal Communication
196(1)
Helpful Attitudes for Effective Interpersonal Communication
196(1)
Summary and Conclusions
197(1)
Key Terms
197(1)
Applications
197(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
198(1)
Field Assignments
198(1)
References
199(2)
Parent Education and Family Life Education
201(30)
Bioecological Theory
202(1)
Philosophy about Programs of Parent Education
203(6)
Assessing Needs and Effects
204(3)
Format of Programs
207(2)
Methods of Parent Education
209(9)
Parent Education Packages
209(2)
Parent Education Books
211(5)
Parents As Teachers (PAT)
216(1)
Home Instruction Program for Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY)
217(1)
Family Life Education
218(1)
The Role of Early Childhood Educators in Parent Education and Family Life Education
219(8)
Six Topics for Parent Education
220(1)
Topic One: The Value of Play for Young Children
220(2)
Topic Two: What Is Developmentally Appropriate Practice?
222(1)
Topic Three: Positive Guidance
223(1)
Topic Four: Limiting Television
224(1)
Topic Five: Homework
225(1)
Topic Six: Healthy Sexuality Development
226(1)
Summary and Conclusions
227(1)
Key Terms
227(1)
Applications
228(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
228(1)
Field Assignments
228(1)
References
228(3)
Early Childhood Educators in the Community
231(34)
Bioecological Theory
232(1)
Community Involvement in Early Childhood Education
233(4)
Local School Boards
233(1)
Reasons to Encourage Family Involvement in Local School Boards
234(1)
Boards of Trustees and Advisory Boards
235(2)
Caring Communities
237(1)
Referring Children for Additional or Varying Services
238(1)
Program Models
239(7)
Head Start
239(2)
Comer Schools
241(1)
Early Intervention
241(1)
Other Models
241(1)
Instructional Support Teams
241(3)
United Way's Focus on Our Future
244(2)
Interdisciplinary Collaboration
246(1)
Benefits
246(1)
Challenges
246(1)
Family-Centered Interprofessional Collaboration
246(1)
The Business Community
247(1)
Professionalism in Early Childhood Education
248(2)
Knowledge Base
248(1)
Continuing Professional Development
248(1)
Community Update
248(2)
Summary and Conclusions
250(1)
Key Terms
251(1)
Applications
251(1)
Questions for Reflection and Discussion
251(1)
Field Assignments
251(1)
References
251(2)
Case Studies
253(12)
Appendix A: Web Sites for Professional Development 265(2)
Appendix B: NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct and Statement of Commitment 267(8)
Appendix C: National Academy of Early Childhood Programs Accreditation Criteria 275(2)
Appendix D: National Education Goals 277(2)
Appendix E: Professional Preparation Guidelines for Early Childhood Education 279(12)
Appendix F: NAEYC Position Statement on Child Abuse Prevention 291(10)
Glossary 301(4)
Index 305


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