The First Muslims History and Memory

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-10-01
  • Publisher: Oneworld Publications
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A fresh look at the origins and development of Islam, this is a fascinating reconstruction of the formative era of the Muslim community. Using a wealth of classical Arabic sources, it chronicles the lives of the Prophet Muhammad, his Companions, and the subsequent two generations of Muslims, together known as the the Pious Forebears. This accessible book takes a close look at the embryonic Muslim communities and explains the impact of the earliest converts on the development of Islam and its current beliefs.

Author Biography

Asma Afsaruddin is Associate Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. x
Introductionp. xii
The Rise of Islam and Life of the Prophet Muhammadp. 1
The Constitution of Medinap. 4
War and peacep. 7
The Treaty of al-Hudaybiyyap. 10
The fall of Meccap. 12
Farewell pilgrimagep. 13
Remembering the Prophet, the Beloved of Godp. 16
The Issue of Succession to the Prophetp. 19
Early tension between kinship and individual moral excellencep. 22
Why did the Prophet not indicate a successor?p. 26
The Age of the Rightly-Guided Caliphsp. 27
Abu Bakr, the first caliphp. 27
'Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second caliphp. 30
The End of Rightly-Guided Leadershipp. 47
Political administrationp. 47
The collection of the Qur'anp. 48
Toward fragmentation of the communityp. 50
The caliphate of 'Ali ibn Abi Talibp. 51
The first civil warp. 52
The legacy of the era of the Rightly-Guided Caliphsp. 54
The Age of the Companionsp. 59
Ibn 'Abbas: the sage of the Muslim communityp. 61
Ibn Mas'ud: interpreter of the Word of Godp. 63
'A'isha bint Abi Bakr: the beloved of Muhammadp. 66
Umm 'Umara: valiant defender of the Prophetp. 70
Bilal ibn Rabah: the voice of Islamp. 71
Conclusionp. 73
The Age of the Successorsp. 76
The historical milieup. 76
The politics of piety and the second civil warp. 81
The third civil warp. 85
The 'Abbasid revolutionp. 87
Prominent successorsp. 90
The consolidation of Shi'i thoughtp. 95
The rise of law and jurisprudence among the early Sunnisp. 98
The Successors to the Successors I: Administration, Leadership, and Jihadp. 106
The founding of Baghdadp. 106
Statecraft, administration, and leadership: acquiring a Persian flavorp. 107
The concept of jihad: Qur'anic antecedents and the classical juridical doctrinep. 108
Reading the Qur'an in contextp. 109
Later understandings of jihadp. 115
Negotiating the polyvalence of the term jihadp. 116
Many paths to martyrdomp. 120
Changes in conceptions of leadershipp. 123
The Successors to the Successors II: Humanism, Law, and Mystical Spiritualityp. 129
The rise of humanismp. 129
The flourishing of law and jurisprudencep. 137
The rise of tasawwuf (Sufism)p. 142
Constructing the Pious Forbears I: Historical Memory and the Presentp. 148
The Islamist constructionp. 148
Implications and relevance of studying the lives of the first Muslims todayp. 152
The Salaf al-Salih in the Islamist imaginationp. 155
Constructing the Pious Forbears II: Historical Memory and the Presentp. 168
The significance of the Salaf al-Salih for the modernistsp. 168
Assessment of Islamist and Modernist Viewsp. 183
The "Islamic State"p. 183
The pervasiveness of the religious law and its scopep. 187
Status of womenp. 190
The nature of jihadp. 192
Conclusionp. 196
Endnotesp. 200
Select Bibliographyp. 231
Glossaryp. 239
General Indexp. 243
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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