Fluid Mechanics

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2017-01-19
  • Publisher: Pearson

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For Fluid Mechanics courses found in Civil and Environmental, General Engineering, and Engineering Technology and Industrial Management departments.


Fluid Mechanics is intended to provide a comprehensive guide to a full understanding of the theory and many applications of fluid mechanics. The text features many of the hallmark pedagogical aids unique to Hibbeler texts, including its student-friendly clear organization. The text supports the development of student problem-solving skills through a large variety of problems, representing a broad range of engineering disciplines that stress practical, realistic situations encountered in professional practice, and provide varying levels of difficulty. The text offers flexibility in that basic principles are covered in chapters 1-6, and the remaining chapters can to be covered in any sequence without the loss of continuity.


Updates to the 2nd Edition result from comments and suggestions from colleagues, reviewers in the teaching profession, and many of the author’s students, and include expanded topic coverage and new Example and Fundamental Problems intended to further students’ understanding of the theory and its applications.


Also available with Mastering Engineering

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If you would like to purchase both the physical text and Mastering Engineering, search for:


0134676610 / 9780134676616  Fluid Mechanics Plus Mastering Engineering with Pearson eText -- Access Card Package, 2/e

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  •  013464929X / 9780134649290 luid Mechanics

Author Biography

R.C. Hibbeler graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with a BS in Civil Engineering (majoring in Structures) and an MS in Nuclear Engineering. He obtained his PhD in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics from Northwestern University. Professor Hibbeler’s professional experience includes postdoctoral work in reactor safety and analysis at Argonne National Laboratory, and structural and stress analysis work at Chicago Bridge and Iron, as well as at Sargent and Lundy in Chicago. He has practiced engineering in Ohio, New York, and Louisiana.


Professor Hibbeler currently teaches both civil and mechanical engineering courses at the University of Louisiana– Lafayette. In the past, he has taught at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Youngstown State University, Illinois Institute of Technology, and Union College.

Table of Contents

*indicates higher level topics in later chapters


1 General Principles

Chapter Objectives

1.1 Mechanics

1.2 Fundamental Concepts

1.3 The International System of Units

1.4 Numerical Calculations

1.5 General Procedure for Analysis


2 Force Vectors

Chapter Objectives

2.1 Scalars and Vectors

2.2 Vector Operations

2.3 Vector Addition of Forces

2.4 Addition of a System of Coplanar Forces

2.5 Cartesian Vectors

2.6 Addition of Cartesian Vectors

2.7 Position Vectors

2.8 Force Vector Directed Along a Line

2.9 Dot Product


3 Force System Resultants

Chapter Objectives

3.1 Moment of a Force–Scalar Formulation

3.2 Cross Product

3.3 Moment of a Force–Vector Formulation

3.4 Principle of Moments

3.5 Moment of a Force about a Specified Axis

3.6 Moment of a Couple

3.7 Simplification of a Force and Couple System

3.8 Further Simplification of a Force and Couple System

3.9 Reduction of a Simple Distributed Loading


4 Equilibrium of a Rigid Body

Chapter Objectives

4.1 Conditions for Rigid-Body Equilibrium

4.2 Free-Body Diagrams

4.3 Equations of Equilibrium

4.4 Two- and Three-Force Members

4.5 Free-Body Diagrams

4.6 Equations of Equilibrium

4.7 Characteristics of Dry Friction

4.8 Problems Involving Dry Friction


5 Structural Analysis

Chapter Objectives

5.1 Simple Trusses

5.2 The Method of Joints

5.3 Zero-Force Members

5.4 The Method of Sections

5.5 Frames and Machines


6 Center of Gravity, Centroid, and Moment of Inertia

Chapter Objectives

6.1 Center of Gravity and the Centroid of a Body

6.2 Composite Bodies

6.3 Moments of Inertia for Areas

6.4 Parallel-Axis Theorem for an Area

6.5 Moments of Inertia for Composite Areas


7 Stress and Strain

Chapter Objectives

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Internal Resultant Loadings

7.3 Stress

7.4 Average Normal Stress in an Axially Loaded Bar

7.5 Average Shear Stress

7.6 Allowable Stress Design

7.7 Deformation

7.8 Strain


8 Mechanical Properties of Materials

Chapter Objectives

8.1 The Tension and Compression Test

8.2 The Stress—Strain Diagram

8.3 Stress—Strain Behavior of Ductile and Brittle Materials

8.4 Strain Energy

8.5 Poisson’s Ratio

8.6 The Shear Stress—Strain Diagram


9 Axial Load

Chapter Objectives

9.1 Saint-Venant’s Principle

9.2 Elastic Deformation of an Axially Loaded Member

9.3 Principle of Superposition

9.4 Statically Indeterminate Axially Loaded Members

9.5 The Force Method of Analysis for Axially Loaded Members

9.6 Thermal Stress


10  Torsion

Chapter Objectives

10.1 Torsional Deformation of a Circular Shaft

10.2 The Torsion Formula

10.3 Power Transmission

10.4 Angle of Twist

10.5 Statically Indeterminate Torque-Loaded Members

11 Bending

Chapter Objectives

11.1 Shear and Moment Diagrams

11.2 Graphical Method for Constructing Shear and Moment Diagrams

11.3 Bending Deformation of a Straight Member

11.4 The Flexure Formula

11.5 Unsymmetric Bending


12 Transverse Shear

Chapter Objectives

12.1 Shear in Straight Members

12.2 The Shear Formula

12.3 Shear Flow in Built-Up Members


13 Combined Loadings

Chapter Objectives

13.1 Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

13.2 State of Stress Caused by Combined Loadings


14 Stress and Strain Transformation

Chapter Objectives

14.1 Plane-Stress Transformation

14.2 General Equations of Plane-Stress Transformation

14.3 Principal Stresses and Maximum In-Plane Shear Stress

14.4 Mohr’s Circle–Plane Stress

14.5 Absolute Maximum Shear Stress

14.6 Plane Strain

14.7 General Equations of Plane-Strain Transformation

*14.8 Mohr’s Circle–Plane Strain

*14.9 Absolute Maximum Shear Strain

14.10 Strain Rosettes

14.11 Material Property Relationships


15 Design of Beams and Shafts

Chapter Objectives

15.1 Basis for Beam Design

15.2 Prismatic Beam Design


16 Deflection of Beams and Shafts

Chapter Objectives

16.1 The Elastic Curve

16.2 Slope and Displacement by Integration

*16.3 Discontinuity Functions

16.4 Method of Superposition

16.5 Statically Indeterminate Beams and Shafts–Method of Superposition


17 Buckling of Columns

Chapter Objectives

17.1 Critical Load

17.2 Ideal Column with Pin Supports

17.3 Columns Having Various Types of Supports

*17.4 The Secant Formula



A Mathematical Review and Expressions

B Geometric Properties of An Area and Volume

C Geometric Properties of Wide-Flange Sections 

D Slopes and Deflections of Beams

Preliminary Problems Solutions

Fundamental Problems

Solutions and Answers

Selected Answers


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