Food Sovereignty

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-11-02
  • Publisher: Food First Books
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Around the world, people are resisting the environmental, social and political destruction perpetuated by the industrial agricultural system. This resistance has led to a new and radical agricultural practice amongst peasant and farmer organizations: food sovereignty. Food sovereignty aims to provide for the food needs of all people while respecting the principles of environmental sustainability, local empowerment and agrarian citizenship. Concerned not only with local food production but also with fundamental social change, food sovereignty aims to transform the industrial agricultural system. Bringing together internationally recognized experts in the field, this book critically engages contemporary debates concerning food sovereignty while exploring new research directions. This exceptional collection examines the historical rise of the industrial agricultural system, outlines the environmental and social consequences of this system and gives voice to the peasant movements that are planting the seeds of a revolution that could fundamentally alter our relationship with food - and with each other. Book jacket.

Author Biography

Hannah Wittman is an assistant professor of sociology and Latin American studies at Simon Fraser University. Annette Aurlie Desmarais was a cattle and grain farmer for 14 years. She is now associated professor of international studies at the University of Regina. Nettie Wiebe is an organic farmer and professor of ethics at St. Andrew's College, University of Saskatchewan.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. vii
Acronymsp. viii
Editors & Contributorsp. ix
The Origins & Potential of Food Sovereigntyp. 1
Initiating the Food Sovereignty Conceptp. 2
The Scope of Food Sovereigntyp. 4
Broadening the Struggle for Food Sovereigntyp. 5
Exploring Key Aspects of Food Sovereigntyp. 9
Notesp. 12
Referencesp. 12
Framing Resistance: International Food Regimes & the Roots of Food Sovereigntyp. 15
Conceptual Framework: Food Regimes & Neoliberalizationp. 16
Frames for the "Free World": The Right to Food & Freedom from Hungerp. 19
Regime Crisis & Reconceptualization: The Emergence of Food Securityp. 21
Individual Access, Neoliberal Means: The Transition to Household Food Securityp. 24
Counterframe for the Corporate Food Regime: The Food Sovereignty Movementp. 26
The Potential of Food Sovereigntyp. 28
Referencesp. 31
Seeing Like a Peasant: Voices from La Vía Campesinap. 33
Notep. 44
"Drawing Forth the Force that Slumbered in Peasants' Arms": The Economist, High Agriculture & Selling Capitalismp. 45
A Land without Peasantsp. 46
The Mythical Benefits of Enclosurep. 47
"The Superstitious Worship of S's Name"p. 51
"A Business to Be Undertaken by Capitalists"p. 54
From Liberalism to Neoliberalismp. 58
Referencesp. 59
Capitalist Agriculture, the Food Price Crisis & Peasant Resistancep. 62
A Perfect Storm?p. 63
The Agrofuel Factorp. 64
Structural Adjustment & Trade Liberalizationp. 66
Eroding the Mexican Countrysidep. 66
Creating a Rice Crisis in the Philippinesp. 67
Destroying African Agriculturep. 68
Capitalism versus the Peasantp. 69
Resistancep. 71
The Conjuncturep. 73
Notep. 74
Referencesp. 74
Agrofuels & Food Sovereignty: Another Agrarian Transitionp. 76
Agrofuels Mythsp. 77
The Agrofuels Boomp. 80
The Agrofuels Transitionp. 85
Food Sovereignty: From Extraction to Redistributionp. 86
Referencesp. 87
Reconnecting Agriculture & the Environment: Food Sovereignty & the Agrarian Basis of Ecological Citizenshipp. 91
Technology, Efficiency & the Separation of Nature from Agriculturep. 91
Agrarian Citizenship as an Alternative Agroecological Rationalityp. 94
Food Sovereignty: Enacting Agrarian Citizenshipp. 96
The Campaign against Green Desertsp. 97
The Seed Sovereignty Campaignp. 99
Conclusionp. 102
Notesp. 104
Referencesp. 104
Food Sovereignty & Redistributive Land Policies: Exploring Linkages, Identifying Challengesp. 106
Land-Based Social Relations, Not "Things"p. 108
Dynamics of Reformp. 109
Struggles around Land Policies & Food Sovereigntyp. 112
Struggling for Food Sovereignty in Politically Consolidated Landsp. 113
Referencesp. 118
Scaling Up Agroecological Approaches for Food Sovereignty in Latin Americap. 120
Small Farmers are Keyp. 121
Enhancing the Productivity of Small-Farm Systems through Agroecologyp. 125
Rural Social Movements & Agroecologyp. 128
Outlook & Prospectsp. 129
Referencesp. 132
Unearthing the Cultural & Material Struggles over Seed in Malawip. 134
A Brief History of Seeds & Agriculture in Malawip. 135
Seeds as Multiple Sites of Struggles over Sovereigntyp. 136
Social Practices Linking Maize & Groundnut Seed to Food Sovereigntyp. 140
Conclusionp. 147
Notesp. 147
Referencesp. 148
Seed Sovereignty: The Promise of Open Source Biologyp. 152
The Erosion of Farmers' Seed Sovereignty: The Privatization of Biodiversityp. 153
Resisting Exclusion, Creating Alternatives?p. 155
Open Source Movements: From Software to Wetwarep. 157
A BioLinux for Seeds?p. 160
Pursuing Seed Sovereigntyp. 164
Notep. 165
Referencesp. 165
Food Sovereignty in Movement: Addressing the Triple Crisisp. 168
Food Sovereigntyp. 172
Adaptationp. 174
Seed Politicsp. 177
Energy Securityp. 179
Conclusionp. 180
Notesp. 182
Referencesp. 183
What Does Food Sovereignty Look Like?p. 186
The Etymology of "Food Sovereignty"p. 186
Big Tents & Rights Talkp. 189
Hannah Arendt & the Right to Have Rightsp. 191
The Trace of Partial University in La Vía Campesinap. 193
Notesp. 195
Referencesp. 195
The Right to Produce and Access to Land: Food Sovereignty: A Future without Hungerp. 197
Our World is not for Sale: Priority to Peoples' Food Sovereigntyp. 200
Indexp. 208
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