The French Polity

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2008-06-09
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Focusing on the interplay between individual and institutions,The French Polityis the most current and comprehensive text for introducing students to the changing and enduring characteristics of the French political scene. It combines historical perspective and contextual information on French society to clearly explain the evolution and health of this countryrs"s political institutions, process, and culture. Throughout, William Safran, a leading area studies expert, goes beyond description to offer original analyses of French politics.

Author Biography

William Safran is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

Table of Contents

Tables and Figuresp. viii
Prefacep. x
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. xiii
France: The Historical and Constitutional Backgroundp. 1
The Legacy of the Revolutionp. 3
The Rise and Fall of the Fourth Republicp. 8
The Sources and Nature of the Fifth Republic Constitutionp. 10
Constitutional Interpretation and Adaptationp. 15
The Economic and Social Contextp. 25
Economic Developmentp. 25
Population Growthp. 27
Industrial Modernization and Globalizationp. 30
Social Classes and Mobilityp. 31
Religion, Culture, and Citizenshipp. 35
Immigration, Naturalization, and Integrationp. 40
Ethnocultural Challengesp. 42
The Educational Systemp. 44
Democratizing and Modernizing the School Systemp. 45
Research, Science, and Cultural Policyp. 49
The Position of Womenp. 51
Political Attitudesp. 61
Civic-Mindedness and Incivismep. 61
Verbal and Practical Behaviorp. 65
The Street as a Political Arenap. 69
Conceptions of the Statep. 70
National Identityp. 75
Political Parties and Electionsp. 83
The Political Left: The Socialist Partyp. 84
The Communistsp. 85
The Political Right: The Evolution of Gaullism From the RPR to the UMPp. 91
The Political "Center": From Classic Provincialism to the UDFp. 92
The Old Centerp. 93
The Elections of 1974 and the Emergence of Giscardo-Centrismp. 94
The Left in Power: 1981 and Afterp. 97
Rotations: Opposition Challenges to Incumbents, 1986-1995p. 100
The Right and Center in Oppositionp. 100
The Rise of the National Frontp. 101
The Parliamentary Election of 1986: Introduction to Power Sharingp. 103
The Presidential and Parliamentary Elections of 1988p. 104
The Greensp. 106
The Parliamentary Elections of 1993: The Confusion and Collapse of the Leftp. 107
The Victory of the Rightp. 110
The Marginalization of the Environmentalists and the Containment of the Extreme Rightp. 111
The Chirac Erap. 112
The Presidential Elections of 1995: Antecedents and Consequencesp. 112
The Parliamentary Elections of 1997: Refragmentationp. 115
The Elections of 2002: Toward a Return to Bipolarityp. 118
The lections of 2007p. 124
The Functional Relevance of Political Partiesp. 132
Unnatural Alliancesp. 133
Political Wanderingsp. 134
The Place of Ideologyp. 135
Voters' Choices, Programs, and Personalitiesp. 140
The Electoral System: Its Impact on Parties and Voting Behaviorp. 142
Political Fringe Groups, Clubs, and Movementsp. 152
Summary and Conclusionp. 155
Interest Groupsp. 167
Trade Unionsp. 167
Business Associationsp. 172
Agriculturep. 175
Students and Teachersp. 176
Miscellaneous Interest Groupsp. 178
The Access and Input of Interest Groupsp. 179
Pluralist, Corporatist, and Other Models of Interest-Group Politicsp. 181
Instruments and Patterns of Decision Making: The Executivep. 199
The Position of the Presidentp. 199
The Prime Ministersp. 204
Cohabitation I: Precedent-Setting Pattern or Political Parenthesis?p. 210
Cohabitation II: A "Civilized" Waiting Gamep. 211
Cohabitation III: Co-Decision Making or a Neo-Parliamentary Regime?p. 213
The Governmentp. 215
The Construction and Reshuffling of Cabinetsp. 223
The Executive and Parliamentp. 230
Emergency Powersp. 232
The President and Charismap. 234
Instruments and Patterns of Decision Making: The Parliamentp. 247
Parliament in the Fifth Republicp. 248
The Committee Systemp. 252
The Senatep. 257
Limits on Parliamentary Decision Makingp. 262
The Constitutional Councilp. 266
Questions and Censure Motionsp. 270
The Incompatibility Rulep. 272
The Role of the Deputyp. 274
The Administrative Systemp. 290
Background, Structure, and Recruitmentp. 290
The Political Complexion of Civil Servantsp. 294
Controls over the Civil Servicep. 298
Subnational Administrationp. 303
The Communep. 304
Administrative Reform and Decentralizationp. 307
The Reforms of 1981-1983p. 310
The Administration of Parisp. 316
Corsica and Overseas Territoriesp. 317
Functional Decentralizationp. 319
Law, Justice, and Civil Libertiesp. 329
The Judicial Systemp. 329
Justice and the Democratic Statep. 333
The Legal Protection of Aliens and Minoritiesp. 338
The Policep. 340
Freedom of Expressionp. 341
Political Changes and Public Policiesp. 352
Economic Policy from the Liberation to the Giscard Presidencyp. 353
The Experiment with Capitalist Planningp. 353
Economic Policy Under the Mitterrand Presidencyp. 356
The Politics of Austerityp. 357
The First Chirac Government and the Politics of Neoliberalismp. 358
The Governments of Rocard, Cresson, and Bérégovoy: The Limits of Socialismp. 359
The Balladur Government: Redressement and Rigueurp. 360
Economic Policy Under the Chirac Presidencyp. 361
The Juppé Planp. 361
The Jospin Government: Squaring the Circlep. 363
Raffarin's Policies: Pressures and Constraintsp. 364
The Villepin Interlude: Economic patriotismp. 364
Sarkozy's Ambitions and Prospectsp. 365
Aspects of Foreign Policyp. 366
France and Europep. 372
Constitutional and Institutional Issues: Conclusionsp. 379
Indexp. 387
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