9781319071233

From Inquiry to Academic Writing: A Text and Reader

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319071233

  • ISBN10:

    1319071236

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-11-21
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
  • The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

From Inquiry to Academic Writing helps students understand academic culture and its ways of reading, thinking, and writing. With a practical and now widely proven step-by-step approach, the text demystifies cross-curricular thinking and writing. An extensive thematic reader brings students into interdisciplinary debates that not only bear on their college careers but also reflect larger cultural issues that they will encounter outside the academy.



The fourth edition provides extensive coverage of academic habits and skills (reflection, summarization, synthesis, and visual analysis) and features more than 40% new readings grouped by interdisciplinary themes.



Combine the text with LaunchPad for From Inquiry to Academic Writing for even more engaging content and new ways to get the most out of your course. This LaunchPad includes




  • Interactive exercises and tutorials for reading, writing, and research



  • LearningCurve adaptive, game-like practice that helps students focus on the topics where they need the most help, such as fallacies, claims, evidence, and other key elements of argument



  • Text-specific reading comprehension quizzes



  • Practice sequences to help students apply the strategies of observing, asking questions, and examining alternatives.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors


How This Book Supports WPA Outcomes for First-Year Composition


1 Starting with Inquiry: Habits of Mind of Academic Writers


What Is Academic Writing?


What Are the Habits of Mind of Academic Writers?


Academic Writers Make Inquiries


Steps to Inquiry


A Practice Sequence: Inquiry Activities


Academic Writers Seek and Value Complexity


Steps to Seeking and Valuing Complexity


A Practice Sequence: Seeking and Valuing Complexity


Academic Writers See Writing as a Conversation


Steps to Joining an Academic Conversation


A Practice Sequence: Joining an Academic Conversation


Academic Writers Understand That Writing Is a Process


Steps to Collecting Information and Material


Steps to Drafting


Steps to Revising


Academic Writers Reflect


Steps to Reflection


A Practice Sequence: Reflection Activities


Becoming Academic: Three Narrative


Ta-Nehisi Coates, from Between the World and Me


Richard Rodriguez, Scholarship Boy


Gerald Graff, Disliking Books


A Practice Sequence: Composing a Literacy Narrative


2 From Reading as a Writer to Writing as a Reader


Reading as an Act of Composing: Annotating


Reading as a Writer: Analyzing a Text Rhetorically


E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Preface to Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to KnowSteps to Analyzing a Text Rhetorically


A Practice Sequence: Analyzing a Text Rhetorically


Eugene F. Provenzo, Jr., Hirsch’s Desire for a National Curriculum


Writing as a Reader: Composing a Rhetorical Analysis


David Tyack, Whither History Textbooks?


An Annotated Student Rhetorical Analysis


Quentin Collie, "Rhetorical Analysis of ‘Whither History Textbooks?"


Writing a Rhetorical Analysis


Sherry Turkle, "The Flight from Conversation"


A Practice Sequence: Writing a Rhetorical Analysis


3 From Writing Summaries to Writing Yourself into Academic Conversations


Summaries, Paraphrases, and Quotations


Writing a Paraphrase


Steps to Writing a Paraphrase


A Practice Sequence: Writing a Paraphrase


Writing a Summary


Clive Thompson, On the New Literacy


Steps to Writing a Summary


A Practice Sequence: Writing a Summary


Writing Yourself into Academic Conversations


Steps to Writing Yourself into an Academic Conversation


A Practice Sequence: Writing Yourself into an Academic Conversation


Tom Standage, History Retweets Itself


4 From Identifying Claims to Analyzing Arguments


Identifying Types of Claims


Dana Radcliffe, Dashed Hopes: Why Aren’t Social Media Delivering Democracy?


Steps to Identifying Claims


A Practice Sequence: Identifying Claims


Analyzing Arguments


Identify Concessions


Identify Counterarguments


Analyze the Reasons Used to Support a Claim


Steps to Evaluating Support for a Claim


An Annotated Student Argument


Marques Camp, The End of the World May Be Nigh, and It’s the Kindle’s Fault


Steps to Analyzing an Argument


A Practice Sequence: Analyzing an Argument


Susan D. Blum, The United States of (Non) Reading: The End of Civilization or a New Era?


Analyzing and Comparing Arguments


Stuart Rojsatczer, Grade Inflation Gone Wild


Phil Primack, Doesn’t Anyone Get a C Anymore?


A Practice Sequence: Analyzing and Comparing Arguments


5 From Identifying Issues to Forming Questions


Identifying Issues


Steps to Identifying Issues


Identifying Issues in an Essay


Anna Quindlen, Doing Nothing Is Something


A Practice Sequence: Identifying Issues


Formulating Issue-Based Questions


Steps to Formulating and Issue-Based Question


A Practice Sequence: Formulating an Issue-Based Question


An Academic Essay for Analysis


William Deresiewicz, The End of Solitude


6 From Formulating to Developing a Thesis


Working Versus Definitive Theses


Developing a Working Thesis: Four Models


The Correcting-Misinterpretations Model


The Filling-the-Gap Model


The Modifying-What-Others-Have-Said Model


The Hypothesis-Testing Model


Steps to Formulating a Working Thesis: Four Models


A Practice Sequence: Identifying Types of Theses


Establishing a Context for Stating a ThesisSteps to Establishing a Context for a Thesis


An Annotated Student Introduction: Providing a Context for a Thesis


Colin O’Neill, Money Matters: Framing the College Access Debate


Analyze the Context of a Thesis


Kris Gutierrez, from Teaching Toward Possibility: Building Cultural Supports for Robust Learning


A Practice Sequence: Building a Thesis


An Annotated Student Essay: Stating and Supporting a Thesis


Veronica Stafford, Texting and Literacy


7 From Finding to Evaluating Sources


Identifying Sources


A Practice Sequence: Identifying Sources


Searching for Sources


A Practice Sequence: Searching for Sources


Evaluating Library Sources


A Practice Sequence: Evaluating Library Sources


Evaluating Internet Sources


A Practice Sequence: Evaluating Internet Sources


Writing an Annotated Bibliography


Steps to Writing an Annotated Bibliography


A Practice Sequence: Writing an Annotated Bibliography


8 From Synthesis to Researched Argument


Synthesis Versus Summary


Writing a Synthesis


Paul Rogat Loeb, Making Our Lives Count


Anne Colby and Thomas Ehrlich et al, Undergraduate Education and the Development of Moral and Civic Responsibility


Laurie Ouellette, Citizen Brand: ABC and the Do Good Turn in US Television


Steps to Writing a Synthesis


A Practice Sequence: Writing a Synthesis


Dan Kennedy, Political Blogs: Teaching Us Lessons about Community


John Dickerson, Don’t Fear Twitter


Steve Grove, You Tube: The Flattening of Politics


Avoiding Plagiarism


Steps to Avoiding Plagiarism


Integrating Quotations into Your Writing


Steps to Integrating Quotations in Your Writing


A Practice Sequence: Integrating Quotations


An Annotated Student Researched Argument: Synthesizing Sources


Nancy Paul, A Greener Approach to Groceries: Community Based Agriculture in LaSalle Square


9 From Ethos to Logos: Appealing to Your Readers


Connecting with Readers: A Sample Argument


James Loewen, The Land of Opportunity


Appealing to Ethos


Steps to Appealing to Ethos


Appealing to Pathos


Steps to Appealing to Pathos


A Practice Sequence: Appealing to Ethos and Pathos


Appealing to Logos: Using Reason and Evidence to Fit the Situation


Steps to Appealing to Logos


Recognizing Logical Fallacies


Analyzing the Appeals in a Researched Argument


Meredith Minkler, Community-Based Research Partnerships: Challenges and Opportunities


A Practice Sequence: Analyzing the Appeals in a Researched Argument


10 From Image to Text


Analyzing Visual Rhetoric: Advertisements


Steps to Visual Analysis


A Practice Sequence: Analyzing the Rhetoric of an Advertisement


Further Advertisements for Analysis


Analyzing Visual Rhetoric: Maps, Tables or Charts, and Graphs


Using Maps to Make a Point


Using Photographs to Provide Context or Stir Emotions


Emily Badger, Mapped: The Place Where Most Public School Children Are Poor


Using Tables to Capture the Issue and Present Findings


Susan B. Neuman and Donna Celano, Access to Print in Low-Income and


Middle-Income Communities: An Ecological Study of Four Neighborhoods


Using Graphs to Present Findings


Steps to Using Visuals in Writing an Argument


A Practice Sequence: Using Visuals to Enhance an Argument


11 From Introductions to Conclusions: Drafting an Essay


Drafting Introductions


Steps to Drafting Introductions: Five Strategies


A Practice Sequence: Drafting an Introduction


Developing Paragraphs


Elizabeth Martinez, Reinventing ‘America’: Call for a New National Identity


Steps to Developing Paragraphs


A Practice Sequence: Working with Paragraphs


Drafting Conclusions


Steps to Drafting Conclusions: Five Strategies


A Practice Sequence: Drafting a Conclusion


Analyzing Strategies for Writing: From Introductions to Conclusions


Barbara Ehrenreich, Cultural Baggage


12 From Revising to Editing: Working with Peer Groups


Revising versus Editing


The Peer Editing Process


Steps in the Peer Editing Process


Peer Groups in Action: A Sample Session


An Annotated Student Draft


Rebcca Jegier, Student-Centered Learning: Catering to Students’ Impatience


Working with Early Drafts


Tasha Taylor (student writer), Memory through Photography


Working with Later Drafts


Tasha Taylor (student writer), Memory through Photography


Working with Final Drafts


Tasha Taylor (student writer), Memory through Photography


Further Suggestions for Peer Editing Groups


13 Other Methods of Inquiry: Interviews and Focus Groups


Why Do Original Research?


Getting Started: Writing an Idea Sheet


A Student’s Annotated Idea Sheet


Dan Grace (student writer), Idea Sheet for Parent/Child Autism Study


Getting Started: Writing a Proposal


Steps to Writing a Proposal


An Annotated Student Proposal


Laura Hartigan (student writer), Proposal for Research: The Affordances of Multimodal, Creative Writing and Academic Writing


Interviewing


Steps to Interviewing


Using Focus Groups


Steps for Conducting a Focus Group


14 Education: What does it mean to be educated? Who has access to a good education, and why?


MARK EDMUNDSON, Who Are You and What are You Doing Here? A Word to the Incoming Class


A professor claims you may have to fight with your college to get a "real education"


LAURA PAPPANO, How Big-Time Sports Ate College


A journalist examines the impact of big-time sports on university life.SUSAN DYNARSKI, Why American Schools are Even More Unequal Than We Thought


A journalist argues for a new approach to addressing the needs of the most financially vulnerable students.SEAN F. REARDON, JANE WALDFOGEL, AND DAPHNA BASSOK, The Good News about Educational Inequality


Scholars discover encouraging evidence of a narrowing gap between high- and low-income children’s readiness for school.NIKOLE HANNAH-JONES, School Segregation, the Continuing Tragedy of Ferguson


A writer exposes the history of educational inequalities that provide context for Michael Brown’s shooting death in Ferguson, Missouri.


15 Sociology: How do race, class, and gender influence us?


ALLAN G. JOHNSON, What is Privilege? A sociologist explains how patterns of privilege are often hard to see, but have a profound impact on our lives.


CLAUDIA RANKINE, The Condition of Black Life is One of Mourning


Connecting the past to the present, a writer examines personal and political aspects of mourning in the context of the Black Lives Matter movement.


C. J. PASCOE, "Dude, You’re a Fag": Adolescent Masculinity and the Fag Discourse


Calling someone a "fag" has little to do with homosexuality, argues a sociologist.


"Looking at ‘fag’ as a discourse rather than a static identity reveals that the term can be invested with different meanings in different spaces."


BARBARA EHRENREICH, How I Discovered the Truth About Poverty


In a short, pithy essay, one of America’s best-known social commentators takes issue with a classic study of poverty from fifty years ago. Nowadays we have to conclude "that poverty is not, after all, a cultural aberration or a character flaw. Poverty is a shortage of money."


BELL HOOKS, Seeing and Making Culture: Representing the Poor


An African American cultural critic makes the case from her personal experience that "Television shows and films bring the message home that no one can feel truly good about themselves if they are poor."


16 Media Studies: What can we learn from what entertains us?


MELISSA AVDEEFF, Beyoncé and Social Media: Authenticity and the Presentation of Self


A scholar of popular music considers the "public private" meanings of Beyoncé’s Instagram account.


EVAN KINDLEY, from Quiz Mania


A critic examines the significance of "Buzzfeed’s knack for monetizing the zeitgeist."


WILLIAM POWERS, Not So Busy


An author asks how we can make a good life in a digital age.


MARK HAIN, ‘We are Here for You’: The It Gets Better Project, Queering Rural Space, and Cultivating Queer Media Literacy


A scholar of Communication and Culture considers the role of DIY "It Gets Better" videos for rural LGBTQ youth.


KEN GILLAM AND SHANNON R. WOODEN, Post-Princess Models of Gender: The New Man in Disney/Pixar


Two English professors suggest that in recent family movies such as The Incredibles, Toy Story, and Cars, Disney’s Pixar studio "consistently promotes a new model of masculinity, one that matures into acceptance of its more traditionally ‘feminine’ aspects."


JEAN KILBOURNE, "Two Ways a Woman Can Get Hurt": Advertising and Violence


A media educator takes aim at sex in advertising, which she claims is "more often about power than passion, about violence than violins."


SHERRY TURKLE, Growing Up Tethered


Is personal development in adolescents hindered by new technologies and the "compulsions of the networked life"? A professor in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society at MIT presents many examples that suggest so.


17 Psychology and Biology: How do our physical and cultural selves intersect?


CAROL DWECK, from Mindset: The New Psychology of Success


A professor of psychology describes two different "mindsets" that shape our responses to challenges, and argues: You can change your mindset.


MARY AIKEN, Designed to Addict


A Cyberpsychologist provides scientific explanations for online behaviors that are likely familiar … and perhaps downright harmful.


MARGARET TALBOT, from Brain Gain: The Underground World of ‘Neuroenhancing’ Drugs


A New Yorker writer reports on how a new generation of high achievers is increasingly drawn to drugs that improve their already exceptional performances.


AGUSTÍN FUENTES, from The Myth of Race


An anthropologist uses a range of examples to demonstrate the startling implications of his claim that while "humans vary biologically, we can demonstrate that this variation does not cluster into racial groups. What we refer to as human races are not biological units."


WILLIAM J. PEACE, Slippery Slopes: Media, Disability, and Adaptive Sports


The author of the Bad Cripple blog examines the effects and consequences of narrow media depictions of disability as something to be miraculously and inspirationally "overcome."


18 Sustainability and Environmental Studies: How do our decisions affect our environment?


RACHEL CARSON, Fable for TomorrowIn a ground-breaking text, the scientist Rachel Carson launches the modern environmental movement.


SANDRA STEINGRABER, Despair Not


Although she marshals a range of sobering evidence about climate change and environmental toxins, an ecologist and cancer survivor exhorts us not to despair about the future: "We can break the spell. We can prepare the way."


DERRICK JENSEN AND STEPHANIE MCMILLAN, As the World Burns: 50 Simple Things You Can Do to Stay in Denial


This excerpt from a satiric graphic novel makes a challenging argument: All the little things we do to help the environment make us feel better about ourselves do not help the planet as much as we like to think.


ANDREW J. HOFFMAN, The Full Scope


A scientist considers rhetorical strategies to change "hearts and minds" in the contentious climate-change debates.


ANNA LAPPÉ, The Climate Crisis at the End of Our Fork


Yes, "industrial smokestacks" and "oil-thirsty planes and automobiles" contribute to climate change, writes the co-founder of the Small Planet Institute. Yet, the global system for producing and distributing food accounts for roughly one-third of the human-caused global warming effect.


"MICHAEL POLLAN, Why Bother?


One of today’s most important writers on food and sustainability sees environmental hope in small lifestyle changes: "Planting a garden sounds pretty benign, but in fact it’s one of the most powerful things an individual can do . . . to change the cheap-energy mind.


"MCKAY JENKINS, Can GMOs be Sustainable?


An expert on environmental debates offers a nuanced view of GMOs, from the perspective of "enlightened local farmers.


"CAROLYN MERCHANT, Eden Commodified


This study by a professor of environmental history, philosophy, and ethics weaves together our fascination with the idea of an Edenic nature and our consumerist desires for convenience to help us think about what those desires may really cost.


19 Economics: How do economics shape our self- understandings and possibilities? What kinds of choices do we have?


SARA GOLDRICK-RAB, from Paying the Price


An expert on the student loan crisis argues making college affordable is good for everyone.


ROBERT B. REICH, The Rise of the Working Poor


An economist explains policy shifts that have "reduced the number of poor people who are jobless, while increasing the number of poor people who have jobs."


RICHARD H. THALER, CASS R. SUNSTEIN, AND JOHN P. BALZ, Choice Architecture


Scholars of business, law, and political science demonstrate how "small and apparently insignificant details can have major impacts on people’s behavior." Do you know when you’ve been "nudged"?


NAOMI KLEIN, from No Logo


What’s wrong with feeling good about buying a product for the prestige of owning a particular brand name? A journalist asks us to think about how and why we have been socialized to feel this way.


ANN DUCILLE, from Multicultural Barbie and the Merchandising of Difference


"What did it mean for me that I was nowhere in the toys I played with?" A professor of African American studies explores the ways we all help establish cultural norms through producing and consuming goods and ideas.

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